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MOS-EXP Microsoft excel 2002 Core

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MOS-EXP exam Dumps Source : Microsoft excel 2002 Core

Test Code : MOS-EXP
Test appellation : Microsoft excel 2002 Core
Vendor appellation : Microsoft
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Microsoft Microsoft excel 2002 Core

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Microsoft Recaps Microsoft 365 and workplace alterations in February | existent Questions and Pass4sure dumps

Microsoft has published an update roundup weblog post for users of Microsoft 365. The company particulars All of the changes made to the subscription service throughout February. added to the kit during the month had been a pair of recent protection features, groups integrations, and plenty extra.

in terms of safety, Microsoft 365 has received Microsoft threat specialists this week. The office is designed to “proactively hunt and prioritize threats”. somewhere else, Microsoft has delivered an “Ask a hazard knowledgeable” button to the windows Defender ATP.

groups is a stout fraction of the Microsoft 365 bundle this present day, and in February some healthcare integrations were introduced. above all, cozy messaging and precedence notifications are now supported. FHIR-enabled electronic fitness facts are actually supported in teams.

Over at the Microsoft Authenticator, which no offers safety notifications to users on Microsoft 365.

In its weblog, Microsoft moreover recapped its launch of a recent office software. The revolutionary internet software (PWA) acts as a alternative for the My workplace app.

At its core the brand recent PWA is in app kind. This means the individual workplace apps fancy observe, PowerPoint, excel don't appear to live here. besides the fact that children, those apps may moreover live launched from inside the hub.

in its place, the app works as a vital hub for workplace apps. here that you can note issues fancy contacts, recent files, and more across observe, Excel, PowerPoint, OneDrive, Outlook, groups, Yammer and different apps.

“businesses can additionally swipe potential of the capacity to integrate third-birthday celebration apps, enable clients to search for files and people across the corporation, and customize the event with their own branding.”

My internship as a application engineer at Microsoft | existent Questions and Pass4sure dumps

Octavio Avila-Cardet at Microsoft.

Octavio Avila-Cardet at Microsoft.

identify: Octavio Avila-Cardet

homeland: Guantanamo, Cuba

what's your principal? desktop science

where did you intern? What did you carryout there? I interned for Microsoft as a application engineer. I worked in the core features offshoot the situation interior tools and software that could live used by using other Microsoft employees are developed. My team became amenable for constructing a data reporting software to allow teams to office information reporting on excel using their records. The application is used with the aid of about half of the enterprise (a bit more than 50,000 clients).

How did you salvage your internship? I got my internship by attending a profession just at FIU in tumble 2017, hosted by pass of FIU’s profession and skill construction office. a friend of mine informed me concerning the profession reasonable, so I went online and applied to a number of corporations that had been attending the career reasonable, including Microsoft, facebook and Amazon. Some days later, I bought an e mail to carryout an in-grownup interview at FIU’s Engineering core. Then i was invited to interview at the desirable Microsoft campus in Redmond, Washington, for a set of interviews. A month later, I received the present to intern at Microsoft. i used to live shocked, however excited!

What counsel carryout you absorb got for those birth the internship method? salvage any internship event that you could salvage even if it’s not your dream enterprise. youngsters, carryout are trying to salvage an internship immediate to what you are looking to travail on after college. Having an internship in your resume really offers you an facet over folks that don’t. The summer earlier than Microsoft, I had a different internship at SAIC (Science applications international commerce enterprise), which is a armed forces contractor it truly is akin to Northrop Grumman and Lockheed Martin.

What tasks did you travail on? i was assigned to boost a web-based mostly consumer interface to enable recent teams to onboard quicker since the usher technique of onboarding every now and then would swipe months. With my interface, it might only swipe 20 minutes. It turned into a really large challenge and although I finished most of it, it is silent under additional development by means of my crew. I’m excited to note how it has stepped forward on account that I completed my internship.

How did your internship join again to your coursework? Some foundational concepts I realized in my information structures classification absorb been essential, specifically learning a pass to assess how productive your algorithm is. This allowed me to identify areas of my code that mandatory optimizing. The basic programming expertise you live trained in school helps you learn recent programming languages and tools quicker seeing that the core concepts are familiar. What school offers you is the self-discipline to live taught recent and tough ideas mercurial and basic abilities of programming to salvage you going. although, it’s crucial to carryout a lot of self-teaching right through faculty to live updated and carryout internships every time which you can.

Avila-Cardet and his friends climbing Mount Teneriffe located in the state of Washington.

Avila-Cardet and his pals hiking Mount Teneriffe discovered in the state of Washington.

What became the best issue about your internship or that came about right through your internship? The Intern Signature event! All the company’s 2,000 interns accumulate in a huge park to play video games, eat and watch a reside concert. The artist had been kept a secret All over the internship, so this is where they at final salvage to learn who it became. every person had their personal guesses, but no person knew for inescapable who it changed into going to be. Moments earlier than the leading artist regarded, one intern standing at the back of me turned into joking that Pitbull changed into going to live the singer. I laughed and didn’t swipe it seriously. i used to live like, “There is no manner. Pitbull? Out of All people…”. well, which you can imagine my amaze when Mr. worldwide himself came out singing “Don’t cease the birthday party”.

What did you fancy most about your event? The americans that I met. That’s basically what made it brilliant. I made loads of friends and loads of us would at All times exit collectively to explore the city, to party, and to head climbing as well. additionally, the manner i used to live challenged on diverse fronts. i was challenged on my skill to live trained and bring quickly and on my skill to meet recent individuals. I favored that i used to live pushed outside of my comfort zone each day.

What did you learn about your self? The internship exposed lots of my weaknesses and barriers as a developer. I realized that I need to disburse greater time within the planning and design section before stirring on with the implementation. I moreover realized that I’m a brief learner. I needed to gain erudition of loads of recent tools and utilize them reform away and that i became capable of manage that.

Avila-Cardet with his colleagues at Microsoft.

Avila-Cardet with his colleagues at Microsoft.

How did you expand your professional community? Microsoft offers a program called the Intern Networking application that you can determine to opt-in as an intern. the style it really works is that a week you obtain an electronic mail introducing you to a full-time worker from Microsoft working in a special team within the business. Then, you contact mentioned worker and you organize to absorb lunch with them. There, you can salvage to grasp them, require them about what they do, and require them for suggestions. I did that program and talked to more than a dozen full-time personnel from groups reminiscent of windows, office, and Azure and even other interns from faculties akin to MIT.

How did it advocate you elaborate your self within the “precise-world?” speaking with authorities, demonstrating application for my team each two weeks, and difficult myself absorb All made me a far better professional in normal. I proved to myself, and to the realm, that i can dangle my ground even when i am absolutely outdoor my consolation zone, which i was at Microsoft. One jiffy the situation I definitely felt validated changed into at the very finish where I had to demo my closing product to the better usathat absorb been my supervisor, my supervisor’s boss and his colleague. They appreciated the product and that they were already discussing how lots money and resources they had been going to establish money into it preempt in entrance of me. one in All them observed to me, “The proven fact that they are even having this discussion at All is a generous symptom that you just did a superb job.”

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Microsoft excel 2002 Core

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Professional excel Development: excel and VB.NET | existent questions and Pass4sure dumps

This chapter from Professional excel Development: The Definitive usher to Developing Applications Using Microsoft Excel, VBA, and .NET, 2nd Edition<</em> introduces VB.NET along with the .NET Framework, shows how you can automate excel with VB.NET, and finally covers ADO.NET, which is used to connect to and retrieve data from various data sources.

This chapter is from the reserve 

In 2002, Microsoft released the first version of its development suite Visual Studio.NET (VS.NET) together with the .NET Framework. Since then, Microsoft has released recent versions of the Framework and development suite in quick succession. Microsoft has strongly indicated that .NET is the flagship development platform now and for the foreseeable future.

Visual Basic.NET (VB.NET) is fraction of VS.NET, and despite its similarity in the appellation with Classic VB (VB6), the two absorb shrimp in common. VB.NET is the successor to Classic VB and as such it provides the skill to create more technically modern solutions, a large group of recent and updated controls, and a recent advanced IDE. stirring from Classic VB to VB.NET is a non-trivial process, primarily because VB.NET is based on a recent and completely different technology platform.

Excel developers moreover physiognomy the situation where applications created with the recent .NET technology need to communicate with applications based on the older COM technology, for example, VB.NET applications communicating with Excel. Because excel is a COM-based application it cannot communicate directly with code written in .NET.All .NET code that communicates with excel must cross the .NET COM boundary. This is principal to sustain in intelligence because it is a challenge to manage and can absorb significant performance implications.

In the first fraction of this chapter, VB.NET is introduced along with the .NET Framework. The second fraction of this chapter focuses on how they can automate excel with VB.NET. Finally they cover ADO.NET, which is used to connect to and retrieve data from various data sources. ADO.NET is the successor to classic ADO on the .NET platform.

To provide a better understanding of VB.NET, they develop a practical solution, the PETRAS Report Tool.NET. This solution is a fully functional Windows Forms based reporting tool. It retrieves data from the PETRAS SQL Server database and uses excel templates to present the reports.

VB.NET, ADO.NET, and the .NET Framework are book-length topics in their own right; what they examine here and in the two following chapters merely scratches the surface. At the finish of this chapter you find some recommended books and online resources that provide additional detail on these subjects.

The .NET Framework is the core of .NET. Before they can develop or hasten any .NET-based solutions, the Framework must live installed and available. The Framework provides the foundation for All .NET software development. The .NET Framework is moreover amenable for interoperability between .NET solutions and COM servers and components. This topic is covered later in the chapter. For the purposes of their discussion, they can arbitrator of the .NET Framework architecture as consisting of two major parts:

  • A huge collection of basis class libraries and interfaces—This collection contains All the class libraries and interfaces required for .NET solutions. Namespaces are used to organize these class libraries and interfaces into a hierarchical structure. The namespaces are usually organized by function, and each namespace usually has several child namespaces. Namespaces create it simple to access and utilize different classes and simplify expostulate references. They contend namespaces in more detail when presenting VB.NET later in this chapter.
  • Common Language Runtime (CLR)—This is the engine of the .NET Framework, and it is amenable for All .NET basis services. It controls and monitors All activities of .NET applications, including remembrance management, thread management, structured exception handling (SEH), garbage collection, and security. It moreover provides a common data kind system (CTS) that defines All .NET data types.
  • The rapid evolution of the .NET Framework is reflected in the large number of versions available. Different Framework versions can coexist on one computer, and multiple versions of the Framework can live hasten side-by-side simultaneously on the identical computer. However, an application can only utilize one version of the .NET Framework at any one time. The Framework version that becomes dynamic is determined by which version is required by the .NET-based program that is loaded first. A universal recommendation is to only absorb one version of the Framework installed on a target computer.

    Because there are several different Framework versions in common utilize and they may not live able to control the version available on the computers they target, they need to apply the identical strategy to the .NET Framework as they carryout when targeting multiple excel versions: Develop against the lowest Framework version they pass to target. Of course there will moreover live situations that decree the Framework version they need to target, such as corporate clients who absorb standardized on a specific version.

    As of this writing, the two most common Framework versions are 2.0 and 3.0. Both versions can live used on Windows XP, and version 3.0 is included with Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008. Visual Studio 2008 (VS 2008) includes both of these Framework versions as well as version 3.5. By providing All current Framework versions, VS 2008 makes it simple to select the most preempt version to utilize when building their solutions. Versions 3.0 and 3.5 of the .NET Framework are backward compatible in a similar manner as the latest versions of the excel expostulate libraries.

    The .NET Framework can hasten on All versions of Windows from Windows 98 forward, but to develop .NET-based solutions they need to absorb Windows 2000 or later. If they pass to target Windows XP or earlier they need to create certain the desired version of the .NET Framework is installed on the target computer, because these Windows versions carryout not include the Framework preinstalled. All versions of the Framework are available for download from the Microsoft Web site and can live redistributed easily. To avoid confusion, they only utilize version 2.0 of the .NET Framework in this chapter and the next.

    First Look At Qualtrics' IPO | existent questions and Pass4sure dumps

    No result found, try recent keyword!In addition, while SurveyMonkey is silent posting net losses, Qualtrics has managed to atomize even (impressive when they reckon that Qualtrics was founded in 2002 ... Microsoft excel (MSFT) spreadsheets ...

    From Win32 to Cocoa: A Windows user’s would-be conversion to Mac OS, fraction II | existent questions and Pass4sure dumps

    How could Peter sparkling ditch All this for the minimalism of MacOS? He loves the color purple far too much to carryout that, right?Enlarge / How could Peter sparkling ditch All this for the minimalism of MacOS? He loves the color purple far too much to carryout that, right? Ethan Miller / Getty Images reader comments 128 with 69 posters participating Share this story
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  • Ten years ago around this very time—April through June 2008—our intrepid Microsoft guru Peter sparkling evidently had an identity crisis. Could this lifelong PC user really absorb been pushed to the brink? Was he considering a switch to... Mac OS?!? While their staff hopefully enjoys a less stressful Memorial Day this year, throughout the weekend we're resurfacing this three fraction chain that doubles as an existential operating system problem circa 2008. fraction two ran on May 4, 2008, and it appears unedited below.

    Last time, I described how Apple turned its failure to develop a modern OS into a noteworthy success. The purchase of NeXT gave Apple a buzzword-compliant OS with a vigorous ecosystem of high-quality third-party applications. Meanwhile, Microsoft was lumbering along with Windows XP. Although technically sound, it was shot through with the decisions made more than a decade earlier for 16-bit Windows.

    In 2001, when XP was released, this was not such a stout deal. The first two or three versions of Mac OS X were troublesome, to shriek the least. Performance was weak, there were stability issues, and version 10.0 arguably wasn't even feature complete. It wasn't until early 2002 that Apple even made Mac OS X the default OS on recent Macs; for the first few months of its life, XP was up against "Classic" Mac OS 9.

    Further Reading From Win32 to Cocoa: A Windows user’s would-be conversion to Mac OS X

    But OS X didn't stand still. Apple released a chain of updates in quick succession, strengthening the platform with recent features fancy Core Audio, Core Image, Core Data, and Quartz Extreme, and providing high-quality applications that exploited these abilities. All this time, XP itself stood still. The core Windows platform didn't change between 2001 and late 2006.

    Although XP itself was essentially unchanged, Microsoft did try to yield a modern, appealing platform for future development. That platform was, of course, .NET, and observant readers will absorb noticed that I didn't mention it in fraction one. This was no accident, as the total .NET myth deserved a more thorough examination.

    Microsoft attempts modernity

    In 2002, Microsoft released the .NET Framework. The .NET Framework was brand spanking new. It was designed and implemented from the ground up. It could absorb been immaculate and consistent and orthogonal and with a clear design and powerful concepts. It could absorb been a pass out of the quagmire that is Win32. It could absorb provided salvation—an environment free of 16-bit legacy decisions, with powerful APIs on a par with what Apple had developed. The .NET Framework stack

    Enlarge / The .NET Framework stack Wikimedia Commons

    It was certainly promoted as such. .NET was pushed as the future, the pass All Windows development would occur in the future. The plans became quite aggressive; in the OS that was to succeed Windows XP, recent functionality would live accessed not through Win32 but through .NET, import that any developer wanting to exploit the latest and greatest OS features would absorb to venture into this intrepid recent world.

    So .NET could absorb been a step into the 21st century. It could absorb been, but it wasn't. Technically, .NET was fine. The virtual machine infrastructure was pretty sound, the performance was reasonable, and C# was an adequate (if not exactly ground-breaking) language. But the library—the .NET "API" used for such diverse tasks as writing files, reading data from databases, sending information over a network, parsing XML, or creating a GUI—the library is another myth altogether.

    The library is extremely bad. It is simplistic and inexorable and in many ways quite limited. See, .NET has a stout problem: its target audience. .NET was meant to live a unified platform that All developers would use—after all, if recent OS features required .NET, a broad cross-section of developers would utilize it. The problem is that not All developers are created equal. By looking at the different kinds of developers out there, they can understand why .NET is the pass it is. What follows is not an exhaustive taxonomy of All the weird and wonderful breeds of programmer, but rather a rough taxonomy of some of the key species.

    Our favorite kindhearted of extinct
 crusade swag.Our favorite kindhearted of extinct crusade swag. A developer taxonomy

    At one level, you absorb people who are basically commerce analysts; they're using Access or excel or VB6 to write data analyzing/number crunching applications. These things are hugely principal in the commerce world, totally unexciting to anyone else, and the people writing them aren't really "programmers." I mean, they are, in the sense that they're writing programs, but they're not especially interested in programming or anything fancy that. They don't really keeping about the trait of the libraries and tools they're using; they just want something simple enough that they can pick it up without too much difficulty. They'll never write the best code or the best programs in the world; they won't live elegant or well-structured or pretty to Look at. But they'll work. Historically, as I said, these are the kindhearted of people who Access is made for. Access is a noteworthy tool, quite unparalleled. Sure, it's a lousy database engine with a hideous programming language, but the power it gives these people is immense. So Access and VB6 and excel macros are where it's at for these guys.

    At the next level, you absorb the journeyman developers. Now these people aren't "business" people—they are proper programmers. But it's just a job, and they'll tend to stick with what they know rather than try to carryout something better. They might live a bit more discerning about their tools than the commerce types, but they're not going to sprint out of their pass to pick up recent skills and learn recent things. They might utilize VB6 or Java or C# or whatever; it doesn't really matter to them, as they'll utilize whatever offers them the best employment opportunities at any given moment. Their code will probably Look more or less the identical no matter what. They're not going to learn the idioms of whatever specific language they're using, because there's no need, so it's just not for them.

    A key feature of these developers is that, most of the time, they're writing "enterprise" software. This isn't software that will sit on a shelf in a store for someone to buy; it's custom applications to assist with some commerce process or other. verisimilitude live told, it probably won't absorb to Look very nice or travail very well; it just has to salvage the job done. With "enterprise" software, you can often salvage away with a clunky program, because the people who are using it absorb All been trained on what to do. If doing X makes the application crash, that's okay—they can just live taught not to carryout X any more.

    In spite of the often mediocre trait of the software these people write, they're a group that's immensely principal to Microsoft. These programs are a key fraction of the platform lock-in that Microsoft craves. If a company has some business-critical custom application written in Visual Basic 6, that company isn't going to roll out Linux to its desktops; it's trapped on Windows.

    At the final level, you absorb the conscientious developers. These are people who keeping about what they're doing. They might live writing commerce apps somewhere (although they probably abhor it, unless they are on a team of like-minded individuals) but, probably more likely, they're writing programs in their own time. They want to learn about what's nonchalant and new; they want to carryout the right thing on their platforms; they want to learn recent techniques and better solutions to existing problems. They might live using unusual development platforms, or they might live using C++, but they'll live writing generous code that's preempt to their tools. They'll heed UI guidelines (and only atomize them when appropriate); they'll utilize recent features that the platform has to offer; they'll thrust things to the limit. In a generous way, of course.

    In the pre-.NET world, this wasn't really a stout problem. The first group used excel macros and Access; the second group used Visual Basic 6, and the final group could utilize C++ or whatever beret-wearing funky scripting language was à la mode at the time. This All worked out fine, because one of the few nice things about Win32 is that it was designed for C. C is in many ways a very simple language, and it's moreover a ubiquitous language. As a consequence of this, pretty much every other programming language created in the final pair of decades can, one pass or another, summon C APIs.

    ".NET could absorb been a step into the 21st century. It could absorb been, but it wasn't."

    .NET isn't fancy that. Although .NET can summon C APIs (just fancy everything else can), the existent objective is for All programming to reside in the .NET world. .NET is meant to live the entire platform, with All the different languages that people utilize living inside the .NET environment. This is why .NET has APIs for tasks fancy reading and writing files; in the .NET world you're not meant to utilize Win32 to carryout these things, you're meant to utilize .NET's facilities for doing them. It's silent viable to utilize different languages with .NET (in fact, it's easier than it was in the pre-.NET days). Just now, the different languages All utilize the common set of .NET APIs for drawing windows on screen, or saving files, or querying databases, and so on.

    Because everything now has to live "within" the .NET world, .NET has to live All things to All people. Well actually, that's not true. It's trying to live generous enough for the first and second kindhearted of programmer. The third type—well, just ignore them. They're too demanding anyway. They're the ones who keeping about their tools and salvage upset when an API is badly designed. They're the ones who notice the inconsistencies and omissions and gripe about them.

    The .NET library is simple to the point of being totally dumbed down; it's probably okay for the first and second groups, not least because they don't know any better, but for the ease it's an exercise in frustration. This frustration is exacerbated when it's compared to .NET's stout competitor, Java. Java is no panacea; it too is aiming roughly at the middle kindhearted of developer, which is understandable, as they're the most numerous. But Java's much more high-minded. It's much stronger on concepts, making it easier to learn. Sun doesn't salvage it right the total time, but the people behind Java absorb clearly made something of an effort.

    One practical manifestation of this is that .NET reflects a lot of the injurious decisions made in Win32. For example, .NET provides an API named Windows Forms for writing GUIs. Windows Forms is based heavily on the Win32 GUI APIs; the identical GUI APIs that owe their design to Win16. To properly write Windows Forms programs, you need to know how Win32 works, because there are concepts from Win32 that create their presence felt in Windows Forms. In Win32, every window is related to a specific thread. There can live multiple windows that belong to a thread, but every window is owned by exactly one thread. Almost every action that updates a window in some way—moving it on-screen, changing some text, animating some graphics, anything fancy that—has to live performed within the thread that owns the window.

    This restriction in itself is not entirely uncommon. There are very few truly multithreaded GUI APIs, because it tends to create programs more complicated for no existent benefit. The problem lies in how .NET makes developers handle this restriction. There's a pass to test whether an update to a window needs to live sent to the thread that actually owns the window or not, along with a mechanism for sending the update to the window's thread. Except this pass doesn't always work. Under some situations, it can Tell you that you're using the reform thread already even if you're not. If the program then carries on and tries to achieve the update, it may succeed or it may hang or crash the application. The judgement for this unhelpful deportment is the pass Windows Forms depends so heavily on Win32.

    These shrimp issues are abundant. The .NET library does work. It more or less has All the main pieces you need, but it's full of areas where you absorb to deal, directly or indirectly, with the obsolescent mediocrity of Win32. On their own, zilch of these issues would live a show-stopper, but they All add up. It's a death of a thousand cuts. There are so many places where the Win32 underpinnings "shine through" and taint what should absorb been a brand-new platform.

    What about Win64?

    If Win32 was a mess and .NET didn't fix it, the other occasion MS could absorb had was to fix it for Win64, the 64-bit Windows API. Porting a program to Win64 requires a recompile at the very least, and it can often require code changes to avoid doing things that are safe for 32-bit processors but not for their 64-bit brethren. Because of this necessary recompile, one would arbitrator that MS could surely absorb tidied things up a bit. Maybe not radically overhauled, but tidied up.

    For example, there's a office called OpenFile. OpenFile was a Win16 function. It opens files, obviously enough. In Win32 it was deprecated—kept in, to allow 16-bit apps to live ported to Win32 more easily, but deprecated All the same. In Win32 it has always been deprecated. The documentation for OpenFile says, "Note: Only utilize this office with 16-bit versions of Windows. For newer applications, utilize the CreateFile function." But in spite of that, Win64 silent has OpenFile. No one should live using it, but it's silent there.

    Another example; Win32 has a office for getting the size of a file. File sizes on Windows are limited to 2^64 bytes, and so they need a 64-bit integer to live expressed easily. But the API summon to salvage the size of a file doesn't give you a 64-bit value. Instead, it gives you a pair of 32-bit values that absorb to live combined in a particular way. For 32-bit Windows, that's sort of understandable; 32-bit Windows is, well, 32-bit, so you might not hope to live able to utilize 64-bit integers. But if you utilize the identical API in 64-bit Windows, it silent gives you the pair of numbers, rather than just a nice simple 64-bit number. While this made some kindhearted of sense on 32-bit Windows, it makes no sense at All on 64-bit Windows, since 64-bit Windows can, by definition, utilize 64-bit numbers.

    And of course, developers can cope with this. zilch of this clunkiness is fatal. Taken in isolation, every one of the problems with Win32 and .NET could live tolerated. But together, they greatly diminish the appeal of the platform. It just makes writing generous programs harder than it should live and learning the API harder than it need be.

    Problems for Microsoft

    So Windows is just a cataclysm to write programs for. It's miserable. It's quite nice if you want to utilize the identical techniques you scholarly 15 years ago and not bother to change how you do, well, anything, but for anyone else it's All pain. I thought before that Microsoft cared about people fancy me. But it doesn't. And it makes programming on Windows painful. Microsoft is noteworthy at backwards compatibility—you can swipe really extinct programs and compile and hasten them on a brand recent Windows—but terrible at design and terrible at providing a generous experience.

    "None of this clunkiness is fatal. Taken in isolation, every one of the problems with Win32 and .NET could live tolerated. But together, they greatly diminish the appeal of the platform."

    And it's not just third parties who suffer. It causes pains for Microsoft, too. The code isn't just discordant and grisly on the outside; it's that pass on the inside, too. There's a lot of software for Windows, a lot of business-critical software, that's not maintained any more. And that software is usually buggy. It passes injurious parameters to API calls, uses remembrance that it has released, assumes that files live in particular hardcoded locations, All sorts of things that it shouldn't do. If the OS changes underneath—to prohibit the reuse of freed memory, to more aggressively validate parameters, to stick more closely to the documentation without making extra assumptions or causing special side-effects—then these programs break.

    So Windows has All sorts of bits of code which are there to provide compatibility with these broken applications. It's arduous for MS to maintain and fix this code, because it means the code no longer does what it's documented to do; it does that plus some other stuff. It's arduous to test, because there's no knowing exactly what broken things programs are going to try to do. And it makes things more expensive; Microsoft has all sorts of special behaviours it needs to preserve. This means that not only can it not create the API better—it can't even easily create the API's implementation better. It's All too fragile.

    This gives soar to particularly dense things fancy the appellation of the "system" folder, where All the Windows libraries and programs are kept. In 16-bit Windows, it was called system. In 32-bit Windows, it was called system32. In 64-bit Windows it's called, er, system32 again. Because although there's an API summon that programs can create to find out the appellation of the folder, there are enough programs that don't bother using it and just blindly assume that it's called system32 (even when compiled as 64-bit) that it was better for backwards compatibility to leave it, even though it's chock full of 64-bit files.

    32-bit files in swirl sprint into a directory named syswow64. Right, it has 64 in the name, because it contains 32-bit libraries. create sense? Only in Redmond. All these bizarre behaviors and clumsy APIs that they've built up over the years absorb just been plonked wholesale into 64-bit Windows. There's no evade from them.

    Beyond XP

    If MS wasn't going to provide nice immaculate APIs for All the extinct stuff, there was at least some hope that they'd create an attractive and high-quality OS to succeed the (extremely successful) Windows XP. This is, after all, the other fraction of the OS X equation. Apple has establish together a generous platform to develop on and then gone to actually create the most of what its operating system has to offer, by producing elevated trait applications that depend on the unique features that Mac OS X provides.

    Third-party applications very much appear to ensue suit. There might not live as much third-party software for Mac OS X as there is for Windows (a pleasing operating environment can only carryout so much to mitigate a 3 percent market share), but the trait of the applications is a noteworthy deal better. Third-party developers on Mac OS X strive to create applications that travail in a pass that's consistent with the OS itself, with first-party applications, and even with each other.

    These factors tend to reinforce each other. A generous API makes it easier to write high-quality applications. High-quality, first-party applications set the gauge by which third-party apps are judged and ensure that users absorb elevated expectations of the software they run. This in swirl means that there is much more competition among third parties to yield something that's noteworthy rather than merely acceptable. Regular updates to the OS sustain developers on the upgrade treadmill; they travail to create their applications appropriate in with the latest and greatest release, leveraging whatever recent bells and whistles it provides, further improving the software ecosystem.

    In the early stages of Microsoft's development of a successor to Windows XP, it looked fancy the software side of things might absorb taken a leap forward. Win32 would silent live Win32, unfortunately, but the original XP successor (codenamed Longhorn) was going to provide a total raft of functionality built using .NET. This would live coupled with radical changes in Explorer and the Windows shell to provide something much slicker and better-looking than XP offered. Early in the development of Longhorn, they saw demos of a recent kindhearted of application; applications built using the recent Longhorn technology, with a consistent Look and feel.

    Except, as by now they All know, Longhorn never made it. Some recent features were dropped completely, others were just scaled back, some were even ported to XP. Even when the underlying technology was kept, the good-looking, easy-to-write application development that was promoted never really materialized. Instead, what they got was Windows Vista.

    Windows Vista's Start menu and its integrated Search box. Enlarge / Windows Vista's Start menu and its integrated Search box. Andrew Cunningham Vista, Schmista

    With the ambitious Longhorn plans sitting in the trash, Microsoft produced a much more evolutionary OS. It has some acute recent technology under the hood, but unfortunately most of this is invisible to anyone using the system. What they carryout note is an uninspiring mess.

    The appropriate and finish of Vista is astonishingly poor. With Vista's UI guidelines, Microsoft has tried to swipe some things that MacOS has been doing forever and introduce them to Windows. For example, dialog boxes in Windows absorb traditionally been poorly designed, because their buttons are given generic labels fancy "Yes" and "No," or "OK" and "Cancel," which means the entire message has to live read and understood for the buttons to create sense. This is bad, because people generally don't read the message and just click a button at random.

    For example, if you try to immediate Notepad without saving your document, Windows used to ask, "Do you want to save the changes?" with buttons marked "Yes," "No," and "Cancel." Yes, No, and Cancel denote nothing on their own; you need to read the message to create sense of them. In Vista's Notepad, in keeping with the recent UI guidelines, although the dialogue box silent asks, "Do you want to save changes to Untitled?" the buttons are labeled "Save," "Don't save," and "Cancel." This is much better—the buttons now absorb meaningful labels that shriek what they'll carryout instead of generic text that could carryout anything. It's only taken Microsoft 20 years to salvage this right, but finally now it's done so.

    The UI guidelines certainly absorb the right idea. But they then salvage ignored. They salvage ignored by Vista itself. They salvage ignored by Microsoft's flagship applications fancy Office. They salvage ignored by third parties. The result is that the entire Windows Vista undergo feels mediocre. Pictures are worth a thousand words, they say, so let's swipe a Look at Microsoft's flagship OS running its flagship softwareO_o

    Enlarge / O_o

    Except for one application (Visual Studio 2005) those are All the current versions of currently-supported Microsoft software released in the final pair of years.

    None of them—not a sole one—works in the identical pass as any other. Only one of them (Notepad) uses the "native" built-in appearance (i.e. the one most easily available to third-party software). Many of them absorb features in common—opening and saving files, typing words, editing properties—and yet toacertaindegree they conspire to All carryout so differently. It is a total mess. These aren't just minor failures of consistency, either. The people amenable for these applications absorb deliberately chosen to give the platform's gauge Look and feel the finger. That's injurious enough for standalone applications; it's even worse when some of those applications are fraction of the platform itself.

    There isn't even any kindhearted of internal consistency. The Explorer Window and the IE window look, at first glance, to live similar; similar graphical style for the forward/back button, for example. But they're not. The spacing is different; the drop-down arrow in the IE window has more space around it than the counterpart in Explorer.

    Even when the identical nonstandard concept is used, it's done differently. Windows Live Messenger, Internet Explorer, and Windows Media Player All absorb a "hidden" menu bar. The menu bar is silent there, just not visible by default. And each one of them exposes its menu bar in a different way, doing essentially the identical thing gratuitously differently. It might well live that getting rid of the menu bar is a generous idea—but there's no justification at All for making them All similar-but-different.

    Taken alone, these are All fairly minor things. establish together, the interface is just completely shambolic. It looks amateurish. The quirks of each recent interface absorb to live scholarly anew. This slap-dash approach to look-and-feel gives the impression of a platform that no one really cares about. That identical contempt for norms and standards inflicts third-party applications. And, really, why shouldn't it? If Microsoft can't live bothered to create Windows applications that feel fancy Windows applications, why should anyone else sprint to the effort? And even if a developer does want to sprint to the effort, what's he meant to swipe his cues from? Should he copy IE? WMP? Explorer? Notepad? Office? Visual Studio?

    To add insult to injury, it's wasteful. Explorer and IE may Look similar, but they're different codebases. The code to give that kindhearted of no-menu window with an address bar and a search box and this and that, it's not shared between the two. It might absorb been at one time. But now it's not. So there's twice the development trouble to create and maintain these applications. What could absorb been done once now has to live done twice. And again for Word, and Outlook, and Visual Studio, and Visio, and Expression Blend. Each time I absorb to learn a recent UI, some team at Microsoft had to write a recent UI and test a recent UI and maintain a recent UI. That's not a generous utilize of their time, when they could absorb done it once.

    Mac OS X is by no means perfect in this regard, but it's nowhere near as bad. Applications fancy the Finder and iTunes establish inescapable norms and conventions, and third-party applications carryout a pretty generous job of following these (or adapting them to recent situations). There aren't OS X applications where the menu bar works totally differently. Apple hasn't produced a different UI style for each and every application. Sure, they carryout absorb more than one style—the "pro" apps (Aperture, FCP, etc.) utilize a darker scheme than routine apps—but there's silent an order of magnitude more consistency and coherence on OS X than on Windows. Apple cares about appearances and Apple provides tenacious GUI models to copy. The result? Third parties yield good-looking applications that travail fancy the OS they hasten on. And accordingly, users require that their applications conform to the overall Look and feel of the platform.

    The judgement must live that no one in Microsoft actually gives a damn. Each group develops their own UI widgets in their own style and they simply don't keeping that it's a total mess. They don't keeping that I absorb to learn recent ways of doing the identical stint just because they couldn't live bothered to carryout things the identical pass as other applications. I'm not saying, for example, that they shouldn't absorb introduced the ribbon concept in Office 2007, because it seems to travail pretty well, and I can believe that it really is a better UI model. But they should absorb taken stock of what they were doing and made it a system-wide UI device. recent widgets and UI models carryout crop up from time to time, but they should live rare, and when they carryout appear, Microsoft should create them universal so that everyone can utilize them.

    Microsoft's continuous and repetitive reinvention of the wheel again just makes the stint for third-party developers that much more unpleasant. Because even when a developer does want to create something that "fits in," and even when that developer has picked a specific application to appropriate in with, MS silent offers discordant choices. swipe the Office 2007 ribbon as an example. The ribbon is pretty cool, and it's obvious that third parties will want to utilize the ribbon themselves (even if it might not live the best appropriate for their application, but sadly there's not much that can live done about that). Unfortunately, the Office 2007 ribbon is fraction of Office 2007. It's not a fraction of Windows, it's instead built in to Office, and not usable for other software.

    Recognizing the gap in functionality here, a third-party developer produced its own ribbon-like expostulate that developers could embed into their programs to gain a ribbon user interface. Microsoft in swirl bought the third-party expostulate and is now distributing it to developers using the current version of Visual C++. Oh, yeah—it's only for C++ developers. No ribbon for .NET developers. So now MS has two ribbons; the Office code and recent one it bought in. That's frustrating enough—it would live better to carryout the travail to establish the Office 2007 ribbon into a nice shrimp library so the deportment would live identical—but it's tolerable.

    Here's the bit that blows the mind: Microsoft is going to develop another ribbon, this time as fraction of Windows Seven. It won't live the Office one, and it won't live the Visual C++ one. It will live a recent one. And, oh, this one won't live .NET either. The confusion of UIs in Windows mirrors the confusion of development within Microsoft.

    A confidential store front for many, just not (yet) Peter Bright. Enlarge / A confidential store front for many, just not (yet) Peter Bright. Steve Rhodes What about me?

    So where does that leave me? I want to write nice applications. I want to live able to concentrate on my own code rather than fighting the API the total time. I want my applications to appropriate in with the OS and travail in a pass that's consistent with first-party applications and even other third-party programs. I want this because I arbitrator it leads to better software; it means I can disburse my time creating innovative and useful software that people cherish using. I really want to carryout this, but you know what? On Windows it's just too damn hard.

    Microsoft has had generous opportunities to carryout something about this, but they absorb been systematically squandered through a combination of ineptitude, mismanagement, and slavish adherence to backwards compatibility. The disillusionment I feel is incredible. I cherish writing programs, but I don't cherish writing for Windows. And while once it made sense to stick with Windows, it just doesn't any more. There's now an attractive alternative: Mac OS X.

    This has been fraction two of a three-part series. In fraction three, I will Look at just how Microsoft got into this state and what it might carryout to regain Windows' position as the best computing platform going.

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