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050-695 Novell eDirectory Design and Implementation :eDirectory 8.8

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050-695 exam Dumps Source : Novell eDirectory Design and Implementation :eDirectory 8.8

Test Code : 050-695
Test name : Novell eDirectory Design and Implementation :eDirectory 8.8
Vendor name : Novell
real questions : 70 actual Questions

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Novell Novell eDirectory Design and

CNA view at e book: Novell eDirectory | killexams.com actual Questions and Pass4sure dumps

David Clarke covers eDirectory testing targets for Novell route 3001: Foundations of Novell Networking.

This chapter is from the ebook 

This chapter covers birthright here testing pursuits for Novell direction 3001: Foundations of Novell Networking:

  • identify simple listing service tasks.

  • establish plain directory service uses.

  • Describe how a directory is structured.

  • identify the role and benefits of eDirectory.

  • identify how eDirectory 8.6 works.

  • identify and report the composition of eDirectory.

  • determine and report eDirectory expostulate courses.

  • determine the circulate and design of the eDirectory tree.

  • NetWare 6 introduces eDirectory eight.6, the optimal edition to date of Novell's world-class listing service.

    eDirectory is the realm's leading directory carrier. It provides a unifying, move-platform infrastructure for managing, securing, accessing, and developing barnone foremost components of your community. eDirectory scales to the greatest network environments, together with the internet. because it is in response to the X.500 typical, eDirectory supports light-weight listing entry Protocol (LDAP), Hypertext switch Protocol (HTTP), and the Java programming ambiance.

    eDirectory can deliver and manage millions of objects in a seamless ballet of communications. It additionally provides the groundwork community service for barnone NetWare servers and community materials. really, after network communications, it is the most fundamental network provider offered by means of NetWare 6.

    With barnone this in intellect, i'm bound you might correspond that eDirectory administration is one among your key duties as a Novell CNA (certified network Administrator). in this chapter, you'll explore four essential training concerning eDirectory administration:

  • Introduction to directory features—you will inaugurate with a quick introduction to the basics of listing functions, together with some benchmark makes exhaust of and how a directory is structured.

  • understanding eDirectory 8.6—then you definitely'll learn the structure of Novell eDirectory version 8.6 and evaluate it to its predecessor, Novell directory features (NDS).

  • using eDirectory Objects—you are going to dig into the fundamentals in the back of eDirectory's three styles of objects: the Tree object, container objects, and leaf objects.

  • implementing eDirectory 8.6 Naming—eventually, you're going to study naming conventions utilized in eDirectory, including naming context guidelines and inheritance.

  • As that you may see, there's a lot to live taught during this chapter and when it live barnone carried out, you're going to live an accomplished eDirectory administrator. So, let's acquire begun!

    check pursuits lined:

  • establish basic listing carrier initiatives.

  • identify ordinary listing carrier uses.

  • Describe how a directory is structured.

  • determine the role and benefits of eDirectory.

  • The directory provider is among the most primary network functions provided by way of barnone NetWare 6 servers. in fact, it represents the communications hub for administrative connectivity between barnone servers in a huge NetWare 6 network. As such, listing provider administration is one of your key obligations because the community administrator.

    As its name implies, the listing carrier offers entry to a database, known as eDirectory, that incorporates barnone substances for the entire network. This object-oriented database is organized into a hierarchical structure called the tree. eDirectory provides the basic foundation for the directory carrier, including capabilities for replication and distribution. directory is capitalized in this case to distinguish it from the listing (or folder) within the file system. in fact, these two "directories" profile the two needful roles of a NetWare 6 CNA: File apparatus Administrator (directories and info) and eDirectory Administrator (The listing).

    The listing provider is your pal. it could possibly seem a petite intimidating originally, however in the event you acquire to know the directory service (and eDirectory, for that rely), it live in reality enjoyable. really.

    How listing services Work

    A listing provider classifies barnone community supplies birthright into a finite variety of objects. These objects can live prepared with the aid of feature, place, size, classification, or color—it would not rely. The factor is, a directory provider organizes network resources independently from their physical areas. for example, servers are equipped in accordance with function. Then users are positioned within the usurp containers to simplify connectivity. This increases productivity as a result of users are near the resources they need. When a person logs in to the community, the person can access any expostulate within the Tree, in spite of its region. This provides a slick capacity for managing not best clients, however additionally barnone their hardware and functions. Of course, in the eDirectory tree (as in existence), it is most advantageous to space user objects and their materials (Printers, Servers, and Volumes) in shut proximity to each and every different.

    A directory provider performs a brace of fundamental tasks, including birthright here:

  • Connecting disparate techniques—A directory service integrates and organizes heterogeneous techniques to enable them to share benchmark administration. In brand unusual company world, such systems are required not handiest to discourse with each different, but additionally to share suggestions and exhaust universal capabilities to meet the objectives of the firm.

  • fulfilling the needs of the person, corporation, and company—The community ought to live elastic enough to give a set of wonderful features in keeping with individual wants.

  • Emulating barnone company relationships—The community requisite to live capable of making inevitable that trusted relationships are constructed and maintained between people, business, the business's intranet, and the barnone over the world web.

  • Coordinating assistance move—tips may furthermore emanate both from the traffic (procedural) or from the community (technical). A directory service coordinates suggestions circulation, no live counted what the source or classification of counsel.

  • making inevitable assistance availability—A directory provider gives a way for making barnone community suggestions available to users, instruments, functions, or different supplies.

  • TIP

    A listing and a Relational Database management device (RDBMS) are two sever entities with different capabilities. even if a directory is a group of suggestions, it doesn't replace the common RDBMS. Directories and databases complement one an extra, despite the fact that they serve different purposes.

    customarily, a listing service may live used in birthright here ways:

  • Organizing facts—A listing provider organizes statistics or counsel for the network. In NetWare 6, eDirectory retailers barnone consumer, server, printer, and different network machine suggestions.

  • getting access to information with ease—comparable to the file-and-folder device used on a computer, a listing service makes guidance about network components available to clients, contraptions, and applications. A listing service offers personnel with international entry to community resources. companies and organizations furthermore exhaust listing services to provide consumer authentication and authorization for using these community supplies and features. For companies with gigantic numbers of mobile users, eDirectory provides a means for storing consumer information required via some applications. (Such purposes are described as listing-enabled.) From the person's aspect of view, a directory service gives a worldwide view of barnone community resources, corresponding to users, purposes, functions, gadget elements, and instruments.

  • proposing security—A listing provider uniquely identifies network components, locates network objects when required, supports powerful safety facets, and controls the consumer access to network substances.

  • featuring features to purchasers—For groups taking handicap of the features of electronic company transactions, directory capabilities can aid prepare multiple databases while assisting to mesh disparate network systems. This provides greater management of methods between valued clientele, employees, and provide-chain partners. The ensuing advantages are as follows: reduced expenses for administration and hardware, sooner access to facts and tips, and snug community entry with advanced foible tolerance.

  • From a customary point of view, listing services can furthermore supply digital provisioning, more desirable protection, client profiling, digital wallets, automated notification methods, customized internet interfaces, and virtual inner most networks (VPNs).

    be aware

    A digital deepest community (VPN) frequently is used to switch exquisite enterprise suggestions across an untrusted network (such as the web) in a secure style (customarily by encapsulating and encrypting data).

    So, what execute you suppose? Is a listing carrier for you? Who knows—you might even fondness it.

    listing architecture

    As you preserve in mind, the directory carrier offers access to the eDirectory database, which consists of barnone components for the whole network. What precisely does eDirectory seem like? From the backyard, it feels fondness a large cloud hovering over your network. On the internal, however, it follows a hierarchical tree structure corresponding to the internet domain gadget. it truly is, genesis on the WWW Root and increasing to ".com" domains and finally to servers. In NetWare 6, this design is talked about because the listing guidance Tree, which is shortened to the "tree" for applications of their dialogue.

    suppose of the tree as really being inverted. As in nature, the eDirectory tree starts with the Tree expostulate (referred to as the Tree Root) and builds from there. next, it sprouts container objects, which might live branches reaching toward the sky. ultimately, leaf objects provide network performance to users, servers, and the file gadget. As that you may behold in figure three.1, the tree analogy is alive and smartly.

    Figure 3.1figure three.1 The figurative listing features tree.

    The actual eDirectory tree is made up of ratiocinative community objects. eDirectory objects define ratiocinative or physical entities that deliver organizational or technical characteristic to the community. As you will behold later during this chapter, they reach in three flavors:

  • Tree Root

  • Container objects

  • Leaf objects

  • The Tree Root is the very actual of the eDirectory tree. since it represents the hole porthole to the eDirectory world, its icon is appropriately an image of a tree. Container objects define the organizational boundaries of the eDirectory tree and condo different container objects and/or leaf objects. When a container expostulate carries different objects, it is known as a parent object.

    ultimately, leaf objects are the actual or ratiocinative network resources that give technical capabilities and network performance. Leaf objects profile the bottom plane of the eDirectory structure. you will live taught concerning the most entertaining leaf objects later in this chapter.

    The structure of the listing is governed through a collection of rules collectively typical because the listing schema. These suggestions profile the category of statistics, the syntax of that facts, and the objects the directory can contain. Schema suggestions descend into two broad categories:

  • Object type definitions—These define the classification of objects and the attributes of those objects.

  • Attribute definitions—These define the constitution (syntax and constraints) of an attribute. with ease pointed out, the refer charge is the actual content material or data.

  • bear in intelligence after I instructed you that eDirectory changed into based on the X.500 typical? earlier than you proceed tree hiking and learn the dynamics of eDirectory, choose a brief study that typical to behold what that barnone ability. I esteem you're going to spot some extraordinary similarities between X.500 and what you may possess simply erudite about listing functions.

    figuring out X.500

    X.500 is an international regular for naming capabilities. a whole lot of traffic standards, akin to DNA (Digital community structure), exhaust X.500 with their personal naming services to provide address-to-name conclusion and listing services. This allows these allotted machines to exist in a Big hierarchical management equipment.

    X.500 organizes network components (reminiscent of users and servers) into a globally accessible listing. The X.500 specification establishes guidelines for representing, getting access to, and the usage of suggestions stored in a directory database. in fact, eDirectory is Novell's implementation of here X.500 points:

  • Scalability—enormous databases can live subdivided into smaller listing apparatus agents (DSAs). A DSA can signify either a lone corporation or multiple businesses, and its contents could live disbursed throughout sever directory servers. eDirectory calls them partitions.

  • Replication—This characteristic permits the listing database, or parts thereof, to live replicated on backup directory servers determined barnone through the community.

  • Synchronization—as a result of X.500 must exploit a loosely coupled, allotted database, each and every server possess to live able to synchronize its database contents with other servers. listing database updates can live made both at the customary master database (master-shadow association) or at any writable replica (peer-to-peer mechanism). In both case, X.500 propagates directory database alternate tips to barnone servers conserving replicas of the database or a DSA.

  • The X.500 listing is represented with the aid of a directory guidance Tree (DIT) and directory tips foundation (DIB). at the least one of those should sound typical. The DIB carries objects (or nodes) and their linked houses and values. Intermediate objects act as containers that aid in organizing the DIT. Leaf objects symbolize individual network entities, akin to servers, printers, and so on. consult with determine three.2 for an illustration of the X.500 listing structure.

    The guidelines that verify the class of suggestions that can live saved within the DIB are held in the directory's schema. (Now this should live sounding definitely popular.) each and every expostulate in an X.500 DIT has a special identify that is referred to as its individual name, or DN, (it's, comprehensive identify). each expostulate can furthermore even live referred to by means of a relative uncommon name, or RDN, (it's, partial name).

    listing database entry is managed by a DSA running on a aboriginal server. users entry the database via a directory user Agent (DUA). DUAs can live institute in command-line, types-based, and browser-fashion interfaces. DSAs and DUAs communicate with each other the usage of the listing entry Protocol (DAP). furthermore, DSAs can furthermore talk with one one more the exhaust of the listing system Protocol (DSP), listing tips Shadowing Protocol (DISP), or the directory Operational Binding administration Protocol (DOP).

    Figure 3.2determine three.2 X.500 directory structure.

    Now that you simply live conscious of the space listing capabilities got here from and usually how they work in NetWare 6, it live time to execute some tree mountain climbing! sounds fondness that fun I promised you, would not it?


    Go In-Depth With LDAP and Novell's eDirectory | killexams.com actual Questions and Pass4sure dumps

    WEBINAR:On-Demand

    EUC with HCI: Why It concerns

    you are answerable for managing 15,000 person money owed and 20,000 computer systems for your business. it's 9 a.m. on Monday. execute you know the space your clients' computer systems are? if you're working for a customary enterprise, well-nigh definitely you execute not. "British Telecom recently audited their IT property and institute that that they had 20,000 greater computer systems than they thought," says Dave Bingham, Consulting Director, Fujitsu Consulting UK. Now it is a significant systems management problem!

    Many businesses are sinking below the weight of their existing legacy community identity, entry handle, and provisioning methods. probably the most warning signals that you just might possess a problem:

  • clients can not stand in intelligence barnone their passwords as a result of each utility requires its personal authentication
  • directory assistance is out of date, or incomplete
  • Ex-personnel nonetheless possess access to local/far off community functions
  • It takes on general, 22 steps to create a unusual worker electronic mail address
  • Little or no auditing of debts and privileges, including cross application comparisons to acquire a actual undergo of person movements
  • Redundant administration elements and no pre-based delegation guidelines
  • Proprietary entry, authentication, and provisioning APIs for each application
  • As large and diminutive businesses alike battle to wield IT property and costs, global network identification management systems are looking more and more pleasing. The Forrester neighborhood predicts most Fortune a hundred groups may live implementing these techniques to carve back TCO (total impregnate of ownership), purge guide/legacy programs, and streamline company techniques.

    What execute Novell, identification administration and LDAP (lightweight listing access Protocol) ought to execute with any of this? is this the equal moribund traffic familiar for the ripen NetWare, NDS (Novell directory carrier), and GroupWise product traces? yes, a revitalized Novell is aggressively pursuing the network identity management and directory features market with a unusual technology of LDAP-based mostly products and technologies. by means of constructing on Novell's traditional strengths in listing management and de-coupling these items from their flagship NDS NOS product, it is hoping to compete at once with iPlanet, Oblix, needful route, Microsoft, and other identity administration providers. The next few years might live a battleground for community id vendors and consultants as they fight to set up themselves during this unusual industry. allow us to choose a extra extensive view at Novell's LDAP implementation and directory provider products to view why construct sure to live critically given that them if you requisite an enterprise scale LDAP equipment.

    Why Novell and LDAP?Novell realized it needed an open common for its front-end software utility. LDAP become the evident selection as a result of Novell had historically based mostly each the NetWare and NDS methods on the X.500 protocol and LDAP became at the genesis designed because the X.500 entrance end. In March 1999, Novell launched a replica of open supply LDAP as a piece of its SDK (software developer's package) indicating its complete aid for the LDAP normal. on the time Kurt Zeilenga, chief architect of the OpenLDAP venture, referred to, "global adoption of applied sciences requires that builders possess entry to open and reusable code. they are blissful that Novell has chosen to construct exhaust of OpenLDAP application and has made its changes available to the group so barnone may furthermore benefit. They loom ahead to working with Novell in furthering open supply LDAP software." It evidently had the complete aid of the developer neighborhood.

    besides the fact that children LDAP has been round as a common protocol on account that 1995 until these days it has been a strictly returned-workplace commercial enterprise community service. prior to now, the simplest open benchmark for directories changed into X.500, introduced in 1988. considering X.500 changed into OSI mannequin based mostly, LDAP become designed to serve as a translation protocol between the TCP/IP and OSI models. since it is essentially the most open and elastic of barnone the community features protocols, the community id management neighborhood has embraced it as the core know-how to connect consumer and laptop id tips together into one seamless whole. it's now the de facto typical for many principal id management services functions. Openwave and iPlanet each exhaust LDAP as the underlying tackle directory know-how for commercial enterprise electronic mail functions items. LDAP is a longtime, potent, scalable open directory regular -- an extremely alluring solution.

    Novell NDS and LDAPHow has that modified Novell's products? First, let us view at the particulars of how the NDS device has totally incorporated LDAP. NDS eight gives robust LDAP assist by way of enabling entry without laggard to a NDS data shop. This affords the best of both worlds -- open standards for listing access while leveraging Novell's protection strengths akin to potent authentication and server-server replication. This more advantageous aid includes:

  • LDAP capabilities are installed by using default, which skill that LDAP purchasers can transparently access NDS objects the exhaust of SSL without requiring any extra client software.
  • capability to jot down without laggard to LDAP schema. To exchange an LDAP-NDS mapping, proceed to the ConsoleOne (Novell's Java-based mostly server/pc administration software) disclose and choose LDAP community Object. correct click on this expostulate and choose houses. you can then proceed to the refer map or type Map tab so as to add/modify/delete the acceptable object.
  • Full auxiliary type assist, which capability if an NDS or LDAP expostulate is a member of diverse expostulate courses, it inherits the attributes of barnone these expostulate classes. notice there are three default auxiliary courses in NDS.
  • eDirectory - Novell's listing carrier ProducteDirectory, which evolved from NDS, is a directory carrier that is scalable, extensible, and towering performance. definitely, Novell has publicly tested that eDirectory can exploit more than one billion objects in a lone tree. This capacity some distance exceeds what most enterprise networks or e-groups will ever require. a few of eDirectory's fundamental accessories fondness international printing functions are included into NetWare 6.

    FeaturesSome of eDirectory's unusual or enhanced points covered in version 8.7 - codenamed "Falcon" are:

  • Full back on multiple systems, Netware, home windows NT/2000, and UNIX flavors (Linux, AIX, and Solaris). here is remarkable information for multi-platform firms.
  • eDirectory has complete lead for replication (dissimilar dispensed copies of the directory in case of failover) and portioning (splitting listing logically to back decentralized administration and more advantageous community performance). this is particularly needful in a 7x24, five 9s, mission needful deployments.
  • Full aid of LDAP over SSL/TLS (secure Socket Layer & Transport Layer security protocols). This duty is terribly vital within the web-primarily based functions area.
  • supports SNMP monitoring. both listing monitoring and management consoles can live found. ConsoleOne is a Java-primarily based for servers/workstations, and iMonitor is an internet-primarily based monitoring and diagnostics for barnone company eDirectories.
  • IManager is a web-based mostly directory manager that performs operations on listing objects, including access, creation, listing portioning, and replication.
  • It includes an import/export utility the usage of LDAP listing Interchange structure (LDIF) for simplified ports and integration with legacy methods. It can live done from both the command line or the ConsoleOne or iManager items.
  • directory StructureHere is a short overview of the Novell directory constitution from exact to backside. Novell calls its directories "container objects."

  • TREE (as soon as referred to as [ROOT]) is the suitable of the directory hierarchy and incorporates barnone objects in the listing. primarily used to supply or contravene global rights.
  • organization incorporates barnone objects for an organization or enterprise. This contains the Administrator person. a rustic expostulate can furthermore live created at this stage for more refinement.
  • ORGANIZATIONAL UNIT (OU) - is an extra subdivision of an organization structure (akin to divisions, geographical, and so on). clients are created at this stage.
  • area (DNS Domains) - allows eDirectory interplay with DNS for region of functions.
  • DirXMLDir XML offers bi-directional and Meta-directory capabilities between e-directory and different enterprise and legacy systems. The methods communicate by without laggard processing XML documents. DirXML runs on numerous systems -- Linux, NetWare, Solaris, and windows NT/2000, but requires eDirectory 8.5 or later. presently obtainable DirXML drivers include:

  • LDAP Directories - IPlanet/Netscape listing Server, captious course InJoin directory, IBM SecureWay
  • digital Messaging - Groupwise, Lotus Notes, Microsoft trade
  • business applications - Peoplesoft, IBM WebSphere MQ, Oracle, IBM DB2, and Sybase
  • working apparatus Domains - NT, energetic directory, NIS
  • Delimited textual content - Miscellaneous
  • DirXML ComponentsBetween eDirectory/DirXML there are two different types of statistics flows.

  • writer Channel - Sends facts from quite a lot of methods to eDirectory.
  • Subscriber Channel.- Sends statistics from eDirectory to a variety of techniques.
  • DirXML Driver - Handles the communique between DirXML engine and the utility but now not the rule processing. This includes receiving the XML document and translating it into a group of instructions, which might live then sent to the usurp information store. note that DirXML 1.1 not requires eDirectory and DirXML operating on the server permitting far flung drivers to live dynamically loaded.
  • DirXML Engine - interprets listing events akin to add, regulate, or delete to an XML document. Translation involves processing various filters, suggestions, and charm sheets to achieve the desired influence.
  • Objects - eDirectory operations accommodate inevitable key objects, DirXML-DriverSet, DirXML-Driver, DirXML-writer, and DirXML-Subscriber.
  • Filters -- determine which attributes equivalent to name or tackle could live affected for this specific channel session.
  • guidelines sets
  • Object mapping -- pals an expostulate within the eDirectory schema with an expostulate within the exterior application.
  • Matching -- Determines the attributes and values in eDirectory and the corresponding utility that should suit before developing an affiliation attribute.
  • Create expostulate -- Specifies the refer and values that should live in zone earlier than a unusual expostulate or record is created.
  • Placement -- Specifies the space in the utility the objects are kept. assorted rules are usually used.
  • XSLT vogue sheets - define the XLST transformation guidelines that transforms commands or listing movements institute in the XML documents.
  • Developer ServicesAdditional capabilities and products Novell presents peculiarly designed to aid developers encompass:

  • personalized DirXML Drivers -- Written in either C++ or Java. The Java drivers requires JDK 1.1.7b or later. developers can exhaust DSTrace facility and DirXML hint log for debugging.
  • XML Interfaces for C++ - makes it possible for the developer to result in writing messages to DSTrace facility and DirXML vestige log.
  • LDAP Extensions and control for JNDI (Java Naming and listing Interface).
  • examine Server for LDAP
  • eDirectory type Libraries for C and Java - Used to operate operations equivalent to question or add on a LDAP listing. piece of the Novell Developer apparatus (NDK), it makes exhaust of open source code from the OpenLDAP mission.
  • Some CautionsNovell is relocating the usurp path through porting the kit to distinctive systems, but if you really requisite to possess a totally integrated equipment, recollect to nevertheless live the exhaust of the different Novell products along with eDirectory. despite the fact eDirectory has some distinguished facets that construct it less difficult to advance traffic scaled listing features primarily based functions, it continues to live at heart an NDS based mostly product. it will probably work choicest for you if you already possess a NetWare installing and some familiarity with the Novell approach to network primarily based traffic functions. Tony Neal, IT manager at Marriott overseas Inc. views Novell LDAP aid as "one more piece of the protocol puzzle for you to tie every petite thing collectively, with NDS because the actual engine underneath". It isn't lucid when speaking to Novell how many of their eDirectory installations are basically unusual shoppers and not just additional earnings to the latest Novell client base.

    just a few years lower back Novell took a major misstep once they proposed a brand unusual correct-level .dir domain for the cyber web. The proposed .dir domain become a so-called chartered domain and would possess required .dir candidates to live wholly compliant with LDAP 2000, an LDAP conformance view at various backed via DIF. Novell claimed that organising the .dir zone turned into captious since it would assure the class of web sites that would exhaust it. The proposed zone instantly met with group resistance and was birthright away withdrawn. "Why is every person looking to ICANN to rubber-stamp their enterprise models?" said Rick Wesson, CEO of Alice's Registry, in Santa Cruz, Calif., a consultancy for ICANN-accredited registrars. "Novell wants to create a LDAP (light-weight listing access Protocol) root, however doesn't want a TLD to execute this. it may possibly build the equal infrastructure below the present DNS domains."

    Is Novell concerned with LDAP?Novell has been lively with two rising IETF specifications groups. These efforts will no doubt turn out to live in future Novell internet, working gadget, and listing items.

  • SAML (security statement Markup Language) 1.0 enables functions to share authentication tips. In July, Novell participated in a SAML Interoperability forum as piece of the Burton community. however, the one sign-on acknowledge continues to live a work-in-progress.
  • The identical neighborhood OASIS (corporation for the progress of Structured tips requirements) that oversees SAML furthermore is growing the UDDI (typical Description, Discovery and Integration) specification. UDDI comprises a protocol for describing web capabilities and queries about groups/items. Novell subsidized engineers authored a draft schema to region UDDI assistance in an LDAP directory.
  • Liberty Alliance is making a "federated" id authentication protocol, referred to as "a set of believe", that allows for clients to transparently navigate between affiliated groups. There are various protection access issues nevertheless to live determined earlier than this turns into truth. It is not lucid what erudition this schema has over present certification methods, fondness PKI.
  • Novell developers are working on the next unlock of Netware code named "Nakoma." it will embrace more desirable DirXML back for tighter integration between NetWare, Novell Portal capabilities, and legacy company directories that require directory-primarily based identity and access features. present projected availability is summer time 2003.

    Some enhancements which are a piece of "project destiny" the universal Novell eDirectory and directory enhancement pains include:

  • UDDI server due with the aid of 12 months-conclusion.
  • the long rush version of eDirectory may live greater dynamic with enhanced rules-primarily based "decision-making" about americans, and listing records.
  • "Saturn" is a Novell pains to construct eDirectory and iChain (identity-pushed net entry) suitable with the license Alliance specification. "Saturn" reportedly might live accomplished by year-end.
  • Dynamic identity features and access can live granted according to the software.
  • In conclusion, Novell has been working complicated to space itself within the forefront of the LDAP structure community. Novell has leveraged its erudition with X.500 and NDS to create a powerful set of tools the exhaust of LDAP and the NDS structure. when you are solemn about significant-scale identification administration functions and furthermore you already possess some familiarity with the Novell environment, eDirectory might live just the toolkit you should construct your utility.

    further resources

    Beth Cohen is president of Luth laptop consultants, Inc., a consulting succeed that specialize in IT infrastructure for smaller companies. She has been in the trenches supporting enterprise IT infrastructure for over two decades in a few different fields including structure, development, engineering, application, telecommunications, and research. She is presently writing a publication about IT for the diminutive enterprise and pursuing an suggestions Age MBA from Bentley college.

    Hallett German is an IT advisor who is experienced in implementing tough IT infrastructures with an accent on electronic messaging and directories. he's the founding father of the Northeast SAS clients community and former President of the REXX Language affiliation. he's the writer of three books on scripting languages.

    » behold barnone Articles via Columnist Beth Cohen


    Novell's eDirectory spans systems | killexams.com actual Questions and Pass4sure dumps

    COMPUTING

    November 17, 1999Web posted at: 2:29 p.m. EST (1929 GMT)

    by means of Jana Sanchez

    From...IDG.net

    LAS VEGAS (IDG) -- Novell has introduced a version of NDS (Novell listing services) that runs on the home windows NT, Novell NetWare and sun Microsystems' Solaris working programs.

    available now, the NDS eDirectory is a directory platform that allows for the user to collect, preserve and discourse assistance about clients, consumers and traffic companions.

    moreover the three platforms that are available now, the directory will furthermore work with Linux and Compaq's Tru64 Unix OS within the first half of next year.

    Novell is touting NDS e-listing as an e-commerce device on the way to allow businesses to share assistance with its companions and suppliers.

    "Extranet equals additional work ... as opposed to create a VPN (digital inner most community) you are sharing tips using open protocols fondness SSL (relaxed sockets layer) and LDAP (light-weight directory entry protocol)," pointed out Paul Corriveau, NDS product advertising and marketing supervisor, in an interview.

    the unusual listing is being placed as a product that e-commerce providers can exhaust to build up highly personalized profiles to tender customized services to valued clientele.

    one in every of Novell's customers, introduced here, is CNN Interactive, so one can exhaust the know-how to store consumer profiles for its web web site. When clients log onto the directory by the exhaust of CNN's internet site, they'll acquire customized news, services and advertising, Corriveau observed.

    "building this configuration of personalized counsel as a way to target purchasers is the actual magnitude of directories," pointed out Dana Gardner, an analyst with Aberdeen community in Boston. "by means of having potent directories, agencies can target particular individuals and present the features these individuals need."

    "it's barnone about loyalty -- creating relationships and customized capabilities is the most effective way to build loyalty," Corriveau talked about.

    "consumers handicap since the counsel about their desires and wishes can furthermore live provided to a Big variety of product and repair providers," Gardner spoke of.

    through the exhaust of eDirectory you could allow partners to access your directory the exhaust of a browser by means of LDAP, Corriveau said. The partners should not possess to possess eDirectory.

    privateness considerations are furthermore addressed by the listing, Corriveau referred to. "eDirectory has developed-in access controls so that you can construct a conclusion how a whole lot counsel companions share."

    In an try to acquire application vendors to ameliorate purposes for eDirectory, Novell is making a gift the listing to any ISV (unbiased software providers). The ISVs can download it and exhaust it to advance their purposes and that they can bundle a limited eDirectory license with their utility.

    Novell furthermore announced the availability of NDS company version, an utility that sits on birthright of NDS e-directory that integrates network materials across varied systems.

    NDS eDirectory is $2 per consumer and NDS corporate version is $26 per person.

    Jana Sanchez is London bureau chief for the IDG word carrier.

    connected stories:

    Novell plans to outcluster home windows NTSeptember 13, 1999NetWare 5.0 pulls barnone of it togetherAugust 3, 1999Novell and Microsoft correspond on XML-based standardJuly 14, 1999

    linked IDG.net studies:

    Comdex: Novell CEO unveils NDS eDirectory(IDG.internet)Novell jumps into e-commerce arena with eDirectory(InfoWorld electric)NetPro helps directory management(InfoWorld electric)community log-ins eased through NDS(InfoWorld electric)lost NDS characteristic muddles NetWare/Win 2000 administration(InfoWorld electric)repute of NDS-energetic listing integration is silent up within the air(InfoWorld electric)Migration device eases road from NDS to energetic listing(InfoWorld electric powered)NDS eight.0 presents competent community awareness(Civic.com)

    note: Pages will open in a unusual browser window

    exterior websites are not endorsed through CNN Interactive. linked websites:

    Novell, Inc.

    word: Pages will open in a brand unusual browser window

    exterior websites aren't endorsed via CNN Interactive.

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    Novell eDirectory Design and Implementation :eDirectory 8.8

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    Novell eDirectory | killexams.com actual questions and Pass4sure dumps

    This chapter is from the engage 

    This chapter covers the following testing objectives for Novell Course 3001: Foundations of Novell Networking:

  • Identify basic Directory Service tasks.

  • Identify common Directory Service uses.

  • Describe how a Directory is structured.

  • Identify the role and benefits of eDirectory.

  • Identify how eDirectory 8.6 works.

  • Identify and report the composition of eDirectory.

  • Identify and report eDirectory expostulate classes.

  • Identify the flow and design of the eDirectory tree.

  • NetWare 6 introduces eDirectory 8.6, the greatest version to date of Novell's world-class directory service.

    eDirectory is the world's leading Directory service. It provides a unifying, cross-platform infrastructure for managing, securing, accessing, and developing barnone major components of your network. eDirectory scales to the largest network environments, including the Internet. Because it is based on the X.500 standard, eDirectory supports Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP), Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), and the Java programming environment.

    eDirectory can store and manage millions of objects in a seamless ballet of communications. It furthermore provides the foundation network service for barnone NetWare servers and network resources. In fact, after network communications, it is the most fundamental network service offered by NetWare 6.

    With barnone this in mind, I'm sure you would correspond that eDirectory management is one of your key responsibilities as a Novell CNA (Certified Network Administrator). In this chapter, you will explore four needful lessons regarding eDirectory management:

  • Introduction to Directory Services—You'll inaugurate with a brief introduction to the basics of Directory services, including some common uses and how a Directory is structured.

  • Understanding eDirectory 8.6—Then you'll explore the architecture of Novell eDirectory version 8.6 and compare it to its predecessor, Novell Directory Services (NDS).

  • Using eDirectory Objects—You'll dig into the basics behind eDirectory's three types of objects: the Tree object, container objects, and leaf objects.

  • Implementing eDirectory 8.6 Naming—Finally, you'll learn about naming conventions used in eDirectory, including naming context rules and inheritance.

  • As you can see, there's a lot to learn in this chapter and when it's barnone done, you'll live an accomplished eDirectory administrator. So, let's acquire started!

    Test Objectives Covered:

  • Identify basic Directory Service tasks.

  • Identify common Directory Service uses.

  • Describe how a Directory is structured.

  • Identify the role and benefits of eDirectory.

  • The Directory Service is one of the most fundamental network services provided by barnone NetWare 6 servers. In fact, it represents the communications hub for administrative connectivity between barnone servers in a large NetWare 6 network. As such, Directory Service management is one of your key responsibilities as the network administrator.

    As its name implies, the Directory service provides access to a database, called eDirectory, that contains barnone resources for the entire network. This object-oriented database is organized into a hierarchical structure called the tree. eDirectory provides the basic foundation for the Directory service, including capabilities for replication and distribution. Directory is capitalized in this case to differentiate it from the directory (or folder) in the file system. In fact, these two "directories" define the two major roles of a NetWare 6 CNA: File System Administrator (directories and files) and eDirectory Administrator (The Directory).

    The Directory service is your friend. It may seem a petite intimidating at first, but when you acquire to know the Directory service (and eDirectory, for that matter), it's actually fun. Really.

    How Directory Services Work

    A Directory service classifies barnone network resources into a finite number of objects. These objects can live organized by function, location, size, type, or color—it doesn't matter. The point is, a Directory service organizes network resources independently from their physical locations. For example, servers are organized according to function. Then users are placed in the usurp containers to simplify connectivity. This increases productivity because users are near the resources they need. When a user logs in to the network, the user can access any expostulate in the Tree, regardless of its location. This provides a slick means for managing not only users, but furthermore barnone their hardware and applications. Of course, in the eDirectory tree (as in life), it is best to space User objects and their resources (Printers, Servers, and Volumes) in close proximity to each other.

    A Directory service performs several basic tasks, including the following:

  • Connecting disparate systems—A Directory service integrates and organizes heterogeneous systems to allow them to share common management. In today's traffic world, such systems are required not only to communicate with each other, but furthermore to share information and exhaust common services to meet the objectives of the organization.

  • Satisfying the needs of the user, organization, and business—The network must live elastic enough to provide a set of unique services based on individual needs.

  • Emulating barnone traffic relationships—The network must live capable of ensuring that trusted relationships are built and maintained between people, business, the company's intranet, and the World Wide Web.

  • Coordinating information flow—Information may emanate either from the traffic (procedural) or from the network (technical). A Directory service coordinates information flow, no matter what the source or type of information.

  • Ensuring information availability—A Directory service provides a means for making barnone network information available to users, devices, applications, or other resources.

  • TIP

    A Directory and a Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) are two sever entities with different functions. Even though a Directory is a collection of information, it does not replace the traditional RDBMS. Directories and databases complement one another, even though they serve different purposes.

    Typically, a Directory service may live used in the following ways:

  • Organizing data—A Directory service organizes data or information for the network. In NetWare 6, eDirectory stores barnone user, server, printer, and other network device information.

  • Accessing information easily—Similar to the file-and-folder system used on a computer, a Directory service makes information about network resources available to users, devices, and applications. A Directory service provides employees with global access to network resources. Businesses and organizations furthermore exhaust Directory services to provide user authentication and authorization for using these network resources and services. For organizations with large numbers of mobile users, eDirectory provides a means for storing user information required by some applications. (Such applications are described as Directory-enabled.) From the user's point of view, a Directory service provides a global view of barnone network resources, such as users, applications, services, system resources, and devices.

  • Providing security—A Directory service uniquely identifies network resources, locates network objects when required, supports robust security features, and controls the user access to network resources.

  • Providing services to customers—For organizations taking handicap of the features of electronic traffic transactions, Directory services can aid organize multiple databases while helping to mesh disparate network systems. This provides better management of processes between customers, employees, and supply-chain partners. The resulting benefits are as follows: reduced costs for administration and hardware, faster access to data and information, and secure network access with superior foible tolerance.

  • From a universal perspective, Directory services can furthermore provide electronic provisioning, enhanced security, customer profiling, electronic wallets, automated notification systems, customized Web interfaces, and virtual private networks (VPNs).

    Note

    A virtual private network (VPN) often is used to transfer sensitive company information across an untrusted network (such as the Internet) in a secure vogue (typically by encapsulating and encrypting data).

    So, what execute you think? Is a Directory service for you? Who knows—you might even fondness it.

    Directory Architecture

    As you recall, the Directory service provides access to the eDirectory database, which contains barnone resources for the entire network. What exactly does eDirectory view like? From the outside, it looks fondness a Big cloud hovering over your network. On the inside, however, it follows a hierarchical tree structure similar to the Internet domain system. That is, starting at the WWW Root and expanding to ".com" domains and eventually to servers. In NetWare 6, this design is referred to as the Directory Information Tree, which is shortened to the "tree" for purposes of their discussion.

    Think of the tree as actually being inverted. As in nature, the eDirectory tree starts with the Tree expostulate (called the Tree Root) and builds from there. Next, it sprouts container objects, which are branches reaching toward the sky. Finally, leaf objects provide network functionality to users, servers, and the file system. As you can behold in figure 3.1, the tree analogy is alive and well.

    Figure 3.1Figure 3.1 The figurative Directory services tree.

    The actual eDirectory tree is made up of ratiocinative network objects. eDirectory objects define ratiocinative or physical entities that provide organizational or technical duty to the network. As you will behold later in this chapter, they reach in three flavors:

  • Tree Root

  • Container objects

  • Leaf objects

  • The Tree Root is the very top of the eDirectory tree. Because it represents the opening porthole to the eDirectory world, its icon is appropriately a picture of a tree. Container objects define the organizational boundaries of the eDirectory tree and house other container objects and/or leaf objects. When a container expostulate contains other objects, it is called a parent object.

    Finally, leaf objects are the physical or ratiocinative network resources that provide technical services and network functionality. Leaf objects define the lowest plane of the eDirectory structure. You'll learn about the most absorbing leaf objects later in this chapter.

    The structure of the Directory is governed by a set of rules collectively known as the Directory schema. These rules define the type of data, the syntax of that data, and the objects the Directory can contain. Schema rules descend into two broad categories:

  • Object class definitions—These define the type of objects and the attributes of those objects.

  • Attribute definitions—These define the structure (syntax and constraints) of an attribute. Simply stated, the refer value is the actual content or data.

  • Remember when I told you that eDirectory was based on the X.500 standard? Before you proceed tree climbing and explore the dynamics of eDirectory, choose a quick view at that benchmark to behold what that barnone means. I assume you'll spot some extraordinary similarities between X.500 and what you've just erudite about Directory services.

    Understanding X.500

    X.500 is an international benchmark for naming services. A variety of industry standards, such as DNA (Digital Network Architecture), exhaust X.500 with their own naming services to provide address-to-name resolution and directory services. This enables these distributed machines to exist in a large hierarchical management system.

    X.500 organizes network resources (such as users and servers) into a globally accessible Directory. The X.500 specification establishes guidelines for representing, accessing, and using information stored in a directory database. In fact, eDirectory is Novell's implementation of the following X.500 features:

  • Scalability—Large databases can live subdivided into smaller Directory System Agents (DSAs). A DSA can limn either a lone organization or multiple organizations, and its contents may live distributed across multiple Directory servers. eDirectory calls them partitions.

  • Replication—This feature allows the Directory database, or portions thereof, to live replicated on backup Directory servers located throughout the network.

  • Synchronization—Because X.500 must manage a loosely coupled, distributed database, each server must live able to synchronize its database contents with other servers. Directory database updates may live made either at the original master database (master-shadow arrangement) or at any writable replica (peer-to-peer mechanism). In either case, X.500 propagates Directory database change information to barnone servers holding replicas of the database or a DSA.

  • The X.500 Directory is represented by a Directory Information Tree (DIT) and Directory Information foundation (DIB). At least one of those should sound familiar. The DIB consists of objects (or nodes) and their associated properties and values. Intermediate objects act as containers that aid in organizing the DIT. Leaf objects limn individual network entities, such as servers, printers, and so on. mention to figure 3.2 for an illustration of the X.500 Directory architecture.

    The rules that determine the type of information that may live stored in the DIB are held in the Directory's schema. (Now this should live sounding really familiar.) Each expostulate in an X.500 DIT has a unique name that is referred to as its distinguished name, or DN, (that is, complete name). Each expostulate may furthermore live referred to by a relative distinguished name, or RDN, (that is, partial name).

    Directory database access is managed by a DSA running on a local server. Users access the database through a Directory User Agent (DUA). DUAs are available in command-line, forms-based, and browser-style interfaces. DSAs and DUAs communicate with each other using the Directory Access Protocol (DAP). Furthermore, DSAs may communicate with one another using the Directory System Protocol (DSP), Directory Information Shadowing Protocol (DISP), or the Directory Operational Binding Management Protocol (DOP).

    Figure 3.2Figure 3.2 X.500 Directory architecture.

    Now that you know where Directory services came from and generally how they work in NetWare 6, it's time to execute some tree climbing! Sounds fondness that fun I promised you, doesn't it?


    Certified Novell Engineer (CNE) | killexams.com actual questions and Pass4sure dumps

    Related Resources: Books   

    This vendor-specific Certification is Offered By:Novell CorporationWaltham, MA USAPhone: 1-800-529-3400Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You requisite JavaScript enabled to view it.

    Skill Level: Intermediate                          Status: Active

    Low Cost: $375 (shortest track)               

    Summary:For individuals who unravel advanced company-wide back problems and high-level network problems. They perform planning, installation, configuration, troubleshooting and upgrade services for networks. The Certified Novell Engineer (CNE) has been recognized as the IT industry's leading certification for advanced networking and troubleshooting.

    Initial Requirements:You must pass three exams: Foundations of Novell Open Enterprise Server fpr NetWare ($125), Novell Open Enterprise Server for NetWare advance Admin ($125) and Novell eDirerctory Design and Implementation: eDirectory 8.8 ($125).

    An upgrade exam is available for current NetWare 6 certified individuals.

    Continuing Requirements:From time to time, Novell Training Services may require you to choose an exam to preserve current on the latest solutions and technologies. These exams are considered a Continuing Certification Requirement (CCR), which preserve your skills up-to-date and preserve your certification valuable in the marketplace.

    CNE Pay Chart:

    See barnone Novell Certifications

    Vendor's page for this certification


    City of Apopka Selects Zvetco Biometrics and Viable Solutions, Inc. to Deliver Needed tough Authentication for Compliance with CJIS Mandates | killexams.com actual questions and Pass4sure dumps

    Casselberry, FL (PRWEB) May 23, 2012

    Zvetco Biometrics, a leader in fingerprint identity and authentication solutions, today announced that the City of Apopka has deployed the company’s P4500 biometric fingerprint reader and the Authasas® enterprise grade biometric software, to achieve compliance with CJIS mandates at state and federal levels. The City of Apopka selected Zvetco and Viable Solutions, Inc. to provide and install a turn-key solution to secure mobile access to information, reduce helpdesk costs and simplify compliance with the FBI’s Criminal Justice Information System (CJIS) mandate. With this installation, the City of Apopka delivers extremely towering security and convenience through fingerprint scanning.

    Within the unusual mandates, agencies must invoke unique IDs, tough passwords, and comply with the CJIS Advanced Authentication requirement by 2013. However, Advanced Authentication is required for any system upgrade performed after 2005. This means that instead of a 2013 deadline, the mandates must live met at the time of the upgrade. Agencies that are audited and don’t comply with the CJIS policy could live denied access to CJIS systems or visage penalties.

    The City of Apopka has chosen Zvetco Biometrics and their VAR, Viable Solutions, Inc. to deliver much needed biometric tools to achieve tense integration within a Novell eDirectory environment. In addition to their all-metal biometric readers, Zvetco provided Authasas®, advanced authentication software that enabled the first of its kindly connectivity with Novell eDirectory.

    City of Apopka’s IT Supervisor, Robert Hippler, says, "Zvetco scanners are a cost effective product that easily connects to their VDI and Physical workstations. With those in space they are able to deliver the unusual Authasas® Biometric Authentication to desktops, meeting and even exceeding the CJIS requirements."

    "Zvetco’s Verifi fingerprint readers deliver on the covenant to provide simple yet secure access to organizations’ networks and applications," said Zavi Cohen, CEO at Zvetco Biometrics. "It’s gratifying to behold Zvetco solutions supporting government agencies’ needs for security and efficiency in their daily operations. He added, “The Zvetco solution can live utilized in a Novell environment as well as Windows energetic Directory. By deploying Zvetco’s Enterprise grade fingerprint readers the City of Apopka achieved noteworthy cost benefits when compared with traditional AFIS type readers”.

    Eliot Lloyd Lanes, CEO, and CTO of Viable Solutions, Inc. states, “We possess supported the City of Apopka for decades, and they possess worked with Zvetco Biometrics for many years. The City’s IT Director, Donald Kahrs was conscious that Viable Solutions, Inc. has helped with pioneering efforts in the field of Biometrics integration. So, when they needed to meet the CJIS requirements, they turned to us. They then looked to Zvetco Biometrics, who presented Authasas. During the project they built close ties with Authasas and together they possess now delivered a solution that will felicitous any current Novell and/or Microsoft environment with ease and cost effectiveness.”

    About Zvetco Biometrics

    Zvetco Biometrics is a manufacturer of best-in-class identity authentication hardware and provider of identity management solutions. Founded in 1999, Zvetco provides its customers in corporate enterprise, government, pecuniary services, healthcare, gaming, food services and point-of-sale with cost-effective network security tools that prevent identity theft, expand accountability and purge the cost and inconvenience of password-based access. Zvetco Biometrics' Verifi™ line of biometric products incorporates precision fingerprint-sensing technology into ergonomic computer peripherals that deliver unparalleled performance, reliability and convenience.

    Verifi™ is a trademark of Zvetco Biometrics. Authasas® is a trademark of Authasas, a provider of advanced authentication software. barnone other trademarks, registered trademarks and service marks are the property of their respective owners.

    Media Contact: Christy Elliott, Zvetco Media DirectorPhone: (407) 681-0111 Extension: 804Web site: http://www.zvetcobiometrics.com

    About Viable Solutions, Inc.

    Viable Solutions, Inc. is a world leader in networking and collaboration design, implementation, and support. They furthermore provide a secure, robust, and dependable private corporate cloud. Founded in 1986, Viable Solutions, Inc. provides its customers in barnone manner of industry cost-effective design, implementation, and back tools and services (on premise or cloud baased) to meet and exceed their traffic process needs. Information about Viable Solutions, Inc. and its products and services by calling (407) 249-9600 option 2.

    Media Contact: heed Grebinger, Sales ManagerPhone: (407) 249-9600 Extension: 502Web site: http://www.viable-solutions.com

    Read the complete yarn at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2012/5/prweb9529543.htm



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    ACFE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ACI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Acme-Packet [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ACSM [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ACT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Admission-Tests [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ADOBE [93 Certification Exam(s) ]
    AFP [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    AICPA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    Amazon [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    American-College [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Android [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    APA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    Avaya [101 Certification Exam(s) ]
    AXELOS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    McAfee [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    Nortel [130 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    OMG [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    Sair [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Salesforce [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    SAP [98 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SASInstitute [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SAT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SCO [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SCP [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SDI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    See-Beyond [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Siemens [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    SUN [63 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SUSE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Sybase [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Symantec [135 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Teacher-Certification [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    The-Open-Group [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
    TIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Tibco [18 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Trainers [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Trend [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    TruSecure [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    USMLE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    VCE [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Veeam [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Veritas [33 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Vmware [58 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Wonderlic [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Worldatwork [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    XML-Master [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Zend [6 Certification Exam(s) ]





    References :


    Dropmark : http://killexams.dropmark.com/367904/11974116
    Dropmark-Text : http://killexams.dropmark.com/367904/12908278
    Blogspot : http://killexamsbraindump.blogspot.com/2018/01/people-used-these-novell-dumps-to-get_2.html
    Wordpress : https://wp.me/p7SJ6L-2qL
    Box.net : https://app.box.com/s/7b4rsca7n1709a0lscyv9nmhxosyx32l






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