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Test Code : 1Z0-574
Test denomination : Oracle IT Architecture Release 3 Essentials
Vendor denomination : Oracle
real questions : 176 actual Questions

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Oracle Oracle IT Architecture Release

5 causes emigrate to an Oracle Multitenant architecture | actual Questions and Pass4sure dumps

I've begun to circulate my company's pile and check databases to an Oracle Multitenant structure. Multitenant...

is never new, having debuted in 2013 with the initial liberate of Oracle Database 12c, edition So, why am I poignant to it now?

below is a listing of motives, starting from end-of-existence expertise concerns to easier administration and the talent to deploy more databases on their latest techniques. study on to spy if your company should reliance becoming a member of mine in adopting Oracle Multitenant, which -- for those not already within the recognize -- enables you to position discrete pluggable databases right into a lone container database. feel of Multitenant as virtualization moved to the database level.

Oracle has deprecated the non-Multitenant structure in 12c. it is right! You can subsist pressured to movement to an Oracle Multitenant architecture at some factor sooner or later, even though there isn't any widespread diagram for a edition of Oracle Database during which non-Multitenant configurations will desist to exist. even if you don't want the multi-tenant capabilities now, that you could birth getting used to the unusual fashion with the aid of inserting one pluggable database into a container -- what Oracle calls a single-tenant configuration.

That doesn't hint you should pay for the added-charge know-how -- in case you only acquire one pluggable database, Oracle Multitenant is free. but if you enact want to hasten a brace of pluggable database in a plenary multi-tenant architecture, you'll deserve to pay the further licensing charges.

Our VMware atmosphere is approaching end-of-lifestyles. They at present hasten their construction and spy at various databases in VMware, licensing Oracle Database on the processors in their Oracle-simplest VMware ESX cluster. besides the fact that children, we're operating ESXi 5.5, for you to lose ordinary champion in September 2018. They can not ameliorate to the newer ESXi 6.0 or above with out being pressured with the aid of Oracle License administration features to license Oracle Database on all processors in the entire ESX clusters in their commercial enterprise. Oracle's position is that it subsist too handy to live-migrate their virtual machines (VMs) to other ESX clusters, so that they acquire to all subsist licensed.

whereas running Oracle on VMware ESX has been extraordinary for us, it's transparent that they can not proceed to accomplish that for the long term. My enterprise needs to locate a different acknowledge and soundless continue to subsist agile in their database infrastructure. operating Oracle Multitenant on actual servers can allow us to eliminate VMWare from their Oracle infrastructure, whereas not handiest keeping, however also improving their agility.

Database administration gets less demanding. An Oracle Multitenant structure forces a ample exchange in how database administrators (DBAs) strategy their jobs. They should assume into account no matter if particular administrative initiatives should subsist carried out at the container or pluggable database stage. however, once DBAs overcome that researching curve, they'll ascertain their time spent administering a database is reduced.

after I started with my business, they had a dozen nonproduction databases. In seven years, that count has grown to more than 30 databases. however initiatives at the container database stage handiest should subsist carried out as soon as, no rely what number of pluggable databases I have. And initiatives at the pluggable database stage are without hardship scripted to loop through the entire databases for execution.

we can add extra databases. My company has always struggled with the confined variety of databases at their disposal. As I pointed out, I've considered the variety of nonproduction databases grow from 12 to greater than 30. Their management would really devotion for us to acquire much more databases for their software developers, however we're limited by using resource concerns at the VMware hypervisor host.

so as to spin up an extra VM, we'd exigency greater memory -- or not it's the quantity of attainable RAM that looks to subsist their bottleneck. With their Oracle Multitenant structure, they are able to accept rid of the overhead of reminiscence and other apparatus resources from each VM. This enables us to install even more databases than before with the same actual hardware.

Clones can also subsist created extra quickly. they now acquire scripts in region to create a database clone. They expend disk-primarily based snapshots and clone their multi-terabyte database on the disk storage. They then mount those clone volumes to a VM and open the database.

With their present setup, they can create discrete clones of their production databases in their digital machines. These clones are used to create test databases and many construction databases that are copies of production.

Oracle Multitenant can clone a pluggable database, but additionally has the capacity to operate a image clone. a regular clone duplicates all the records information in a database. This works first-rate for little databases, however their basic creation database is over 15 TB in measurement.

a regular multi-tenant clone would require duplication of the statistics information, however a picture clone completes in under a minute without duplicating them. Any changes to the clone influence in unusual blocks on disk; the long-established pluggable database makes expend of the established blocks, whereas the clone receives a copy of the exchange obstruct only. This permits for very speedy cloning, whereas also reducing the disk house requirements. 

Oracle publicizes Oracle application Integration structure free up three.1 | actual Questions and Pass4sure dumps

REDWOOD SHORES, CA--(Marketwire - 02/15/11) - Oracle (NASDAQ:ORCL - news)news information

  • Demonstrating its commitment to deliver price, flexibility and wide industry-certain integrations for customer success, Oracle nowadays announced Oracle application Integration structure (AIA) release three.1, a complete update with the first releases of AIA pre-constructed integrations in accordance with and authorized for industry-main Oracle Fusion Middleware 11g.
  • Oracle AIA free up 3.1 contains 9 go-industry system Integration Packs (PIP), eight vertical PIPs, and two direct integrations certified for Oracle Fusion Middleware 11g.
  • Debuting in Oracle AIA free up 3.1 are three unusual PIPs including Agile PLM for process and Oracle technique Manufacturing, as well as fitness Sciences industry particular PIPs: Oracle medical visitation funds and Oracle Serialization and tracking.
  • Oracle AIA unlock three.1 speeds time to value of the construction of loosely coupled manner integrations via harnessing the combined dash of predefined software integration and Oracle Fusion Middleware 11g.
  • With AIA unencumber three.1, Oracle continues to deliver on its pledge of offering a predefined architecture that helps in the reduction of complexity, accelerating birth of enterprise-classification integration options, and offering pre-built integrations across all main Oracle applications, including assist for newer versions of those purposes.
  • Oracle AIA unencumber three.1 -- Pre-constructed integration Highlights consist of:

  • The Oracle Serialization and tracking Integration Pack amalgamate the product serialization and pedigree administration capabilities of Oracle Pedigree and Serialization manager with the Oracle E-company Suite's inventory, manufacturing and order administration functions. This pre-developed integration contains all required enterprise system models, thereby decreasing risk and complexity and shortening implementation timeframes for mass-serialization tasks.
  • The Oracle Design-to-release Integration Pack for Agile Product Lifecycle administration for technique and Oracle fashion Manufacturing is a pre-developed, top-quality follow integration system that is configurable and extensible to fulfill your wonderful procedure needs. primarily based upon open requisites-primarily based provider-Oriented architecture (SOA), it is designed to enable seamless synchronization of your commerce product listing and recipes throughout your supply chain and extended product network. The pre-constructed integration accelerator supports enterprise methods that link the PLM product checklist and recipes in Oracle Agile Product Lifecycle management for process with the Oracle E-enterprise Suite system Manufacturing.
  • clinical visitation funds Integration Pack for Siebel clinical is a partial integration making expend of SOA know-how featuring the primary constructing blocks to automate the scientific visitation cost manner. suffuse request information from Siebel clinical is plugged right into a SOA-based mostly integration that may also subsist utilized through any other apparatus within the funds procedure. once the payment has been made the suffuse details from any apparatus can even subsist inserted into the combination and got again into the Siebel clinical apparatus so the medical crew is mindful that the payment has been made.
  • The Oracle cost Chain Planning Integration foundation Pack, which previously delivered pre-developed integration from JD Edwards EnterpriseOne to cost Chain Planning and Demantra require management options, has now been prolonged to comprise integration with PeopleSoft commerce provide Chain administration to Demantra require administration.
  • Oracle software Integration architecture

  • Oracle AIA provides an open, specifications-based strategy for organizations to combine cross-software enterprise methods, leveraging a vast latitude of customized, Oracle or third-party functions, whereas offering a start delivery to integration tasks, cutting back integration casual and lowering integration costs.
  • Oracle AIA basis Pack permits agencies to standardize commercial enterprise integration efforts round a gauge framework and methodology, improving development productiveness, provider portfolio administration, and SOA governance for quicker delivery of reduce charge, sustainable commerce approaches.
  • assisting rates

  • "Oracle software Integration architecture (AIA) has made a huge high-quality acquire an result on on their enterprise. They could not scale the commerce nor give the stage of service devoid of the seamless integration of the Oracle E-business Suite and Oracle's Agile Product Lifecycle management," pointed out Michael Higgins, Senior vp, superior improvements. "The introduction of AIA system Integration Packs (PIPs) licensed for Oracle Fusion Middleware 11g within the unusual Oracle AIA unlock 3.1 will result their lives even simpler as they continue to set up Oracle's company applications and middleware technologies as their IT platform."
  • "once again proving their commitment to integration cost reduction for all Oracle customers, Oracle utility Integration architecture unencumber 3.1 substances a wholly unusual possibility for Oracle Fusion Middleware 11g consumers to ascertain additional cost," Michael Weingartner, vice president of Product development at Oracle. "As they proceed to innovate across the board, the core headquarters of attention of Oracle AIA is soundless consistent by means of enabling organizations to enact greater with their existing IT investments, supply enterprise and IT agility and lower the entire suffuse of possession."
  • aiding supplies

    About Oracle Oracle (NASDAQ:ORCL - information) is the world's most finished, open, and built-in enterprise application and hardware systems enterprise. For greater guidance about Oracle, tickle consult with their net website at Oracle and Java are registered trademarks of Oracle and/or its affiliates. other names could subsist logos of their respective homeowners.

    DBM Cloud systems delivers automated virtual computer Migration for Oracle Cloud users | actual Questions and Pass4sure dumps

    DBM Cloud techniques, a pioneer in business-class, high-performance cloud statistics management solutions, today unveiled a significant enhancement to its established facts management solution, AIRE (advanced brilliant Replication Engine): instant replication and migration of digital machines (VMs) in subsequent-technology Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI) from OCI classic, removing the want for manual first-rate-tuning and other publish-migration protection, in spin saving IT managers useful time and mediocre charges.

    "As more corporations admire the merits of poignant statistics and functions into OCI, the common ache aspects acquire revolved around time and effort of guaranteeing VMs office in Oracle’s unusual cloud platform as they did by means of Oracle classic,” said Dr. Joe Slember, DBM Cloud programs' Senior vp of Engineering. "whereas AIRE has already been acclaimed as the most fulfilling acknowledge for learning high-quantity OCI facts migration from OCI traditional, we're excited about now saving IT and DevOps teams even more substances via assuring their mission-critical VMs will seamlessly remain accessible to nearby clients—with minimal renovation downtime."

    AIRE offers distinctive benefits to the OCI community:

  • pace. AIRE instantly migrates functioning VMs—in minutes, versus the weeks and months prior to now required for sheperd VM migration.
  • can charge. AIRE reduces the entire man hours required for VM migration, as well as the profound technical handicap customarily necessary for conclusion-to-conclusion VM deployment and preservation.
  • Accuracy. AIRE’s advanced suggestions engine ensures accurate VM migration, removing additional supplies obligatory to insulate and correct manual mistakes.
  • Turnkey Cloud Migration. AIRE offers a seamless, one-step system emigrate information from legacy Oracle classic to next-generation OCI—actually at the contact of a button.
  • Already officially accepted by Oracle as built-in with Oracle Cloud, DBM Cloud systems' AIRE is purchasable in the Oracle Cloud market, with one hundred percent superb 'five-megastar' experiences from users to-date. gain information of greater about AIRE at

    About DBM Cloud methods, Inc.

    DBM Cloud programs is a pioneer in advanced utility-handiest cloud statistics management solutions. DBM’s AIRE data migration platform enables business-level IT specialists to impulsively replicate, migrate and securely encrypt petabyte-scale statistics volumes. AIRE spans nowadays’s leading multi-regional cloud service suppliers (CSPs), including Microsoft, Google, IBM, and Oracle, in addition to inner most or hybrid cloud architectures. DBM additionally continues hermetic records regulatory and compliance protocols, without sacrificing efficiency—dramatically saving time and information administration can charge. A 2018 purple Herring commandeer a hundred North the usa Winner, privately-held DBM Cloud programs is headquartered in Burlingame, California. subsist trained extra at:


    Oracle, Oracle accomplice network, OCI and Oracle Cloud market are registered logos of Oracle and/or its associates.

    View source edition on

    supply: DBM Cloud techniques, Inc."> <Property FormalName="PrimaryTwitterHandle" value="@dbmclouds

    DBM Cloud programs PR Contact: Sue HaberniggChief operating Officersue@dbmclouds.com1.866.326.2537

    Copyright enterprise Wire 2019

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    Oracle Architecture and Design Issues for E-Business | actual questions and Pass4sure dumps

    This sample chapter from e-Business for the Oracle DBA covers capacity planning, using StatsPack for capacity planning purposes, architectural issues and components of an e-Business, and design issues for e-Businesses.

    This chapter is from the bespeak  Capacity Planning, Architecture, and Design Issues Essentials

    Proper capacity planning can minimize performance problems in the system after it is implemented.

    Capacity planning for an e-Business is an technique rather than a science because its requirements change all the time.

    Oracle8i (release 8.1.6) and higher provide a mechanism called the STATSPACK utility for historical data collection and the capability to translate the data into reports that can exhibit database usage trends.

    One key characteristic of a successful e-Business is its capability and willingness to change quickly according to market needs. An even better characteristic is its capability to call the direction in which the market might shift in the future so that it can prepare in foster to meet the unusual demands.

    The e-Business architecture is better than a straight client/server architecture because the client doesn't wait connected to the database, the application server stays connected only for the time required to result a request and receive the results back from the database server, network traffic is reduced, idle processes enact not consume resources, and response time is improved.

    When you start to ride your systems to an e-Business, it can champion to start little and identify a little project that can quickly result the transition and at the same time provide high repercussion and recur on investment (ROI). When this transition is successful, you can build on the suffer and feedback from this venture.

    An e-Business needs to acquire a forward-looking application architecture that deals with the following faultfinding requirements:

  • Easy-to-use interface

  • Integration of intra-business processes

  • Innovative methods for adding value

  • Customer- and solution-oriented procedure

  • Plan for growth and change

  • In this chapter, they will enact the following:

  • Learn how to accomplish capacity planning

  • Learn how to expend StatsPack for capacity planning purposes

  • Examine architectural issues for an e-Business

  • Examine the architectural components

  • Look at design issues for e-Businesses

  • Capacity Planning

    Capacity planning is Part of the planning phase. This very primary process is completed with the end of minimizing performance problems with the system after it is implemented. In this sense, capacity planning involves analyzing the same kinds of issues that you would dissect when tuning the system:

  • How should you pick the system components to use?

  • What ilk of architecture is suitable?

  • What values should subsist set for the various parameters?

  • What are the characteristics of the applications?

  • What are the characteristics of the system?

  • What commerce rules are to subsist implemented?

  • How much can subsist forecasted or predicted about the system usage?

  • What are the system requirements in terms of availability? Scalability? Security? Performance?

  • Capacity Planning

    Good capacity planning provides a cushion for sudden bursts in load and can tolerate some application inefficiencies.

    Capacity planning for an e-Business is an technique rather than a science because its requirements change all the time. Its characteristics also change all the time and are difficult to predict. To understand the capacity planning issues with an e-Business such as, you acquire to understand that it is very difficult in such an environment to acquire a satisfactory architecture that meets all the requirements well. You should diagram for workable extra growth and build a system that has more capacity than current and predicted future needs.

    Capacity Planning Questions

    Several primary questions exigency to subsist addressed as Part of the capacity planning process:

    Generally, scalability is determined in terms of the performance extend relative to additional system components; for example, if one CPU gives a performance of x and adding an extra CPU gives a performance of 1.4x, the scalability is 1.4. This extend is not usually linear because of the overhead associated with coordinating the activity of the additional components. well-behaved capacity planning requires a well-behaved understanding of future needs. If you improperly call future needs, you might subsist able to fullfil your immediate system needs, but fixing problems due to unforeseen increases or changes of needs would require a lot of effort.

  • What are the availability requirements? Availability requirements are generally specified as the percentage of time that your system has to subsist up. Transaction processing e-Commerce sites usually acquire very high availability requirements. The Internet itself has a dependable built-in capability to route around problems; therefore, when you're looking at high availability solutions, you should spy at these elements of your own system:

  • Disk drives—Consider using a Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks (RAID) configuration.

  • Web server hardware—PCs are cheap but not very reliable, whereas mainframes are extremely dependable but very expensive. Therefore, you could expend workstations as a compromise for the Web server hardware.

  • Operating system—Compared to Windows and Macintosh, UNIX systems are much more stable and are better suited for high availability requirements. You might also account a high-availability OS such as Solaris HA.

  • Uninterruptible power supply (UPS)—Using a UPS is a necessity.

  • Clustering solution—You should seriously account using a UNIX- or NT-based clustering solution.

  • Automatic Notification

    High availability requirements prescribe quick reaction by an iDBA. Therefore, it is very valuable to acquire an architecture in location that supports automatic notification to an iDBA when performance falls below a positive threshold or when other faultfinding events occur.

  • What are the budgetary constraints? Money is always an primary issue, and you exigency to ensure that the chosen architecture can provide a high benefit-per-cost ratio. You should also account the budget for ongoing maintenance and upgrades of the architecture as well as the cost for administration and performance tuning.

  • Beware of Bottlenecks

    When you add extra components to extend capacity, assume keeping to ensure that you are not introducing a bottleneck somewhere by virtue of this system change.

    Oracle Database Trend Analysis Using STATSPACK

    Proper designing and capacity planning (and later, database tuning) will profit tremendously if some trend analysis is available for the database usage. Oracle8i (release 8.1.6) and higher provides a mechanism called the STATSPACK utility for historical data collection and the capability to translate the data into reports that can exhibit the database usage trend. Even though Oracle introduces STATSPACK with Oracle 8.1.6, a patch available from Oracle Corporation allows you to expend STATSPACK with any Oracle8 database.

    The STATSPACK utility is a set of scripts that hasten a special version of the Oracle BSTAT/ESTAT utilities. Unlike BSTAT/ESTAT, STATSPACK captures performance data and stores it in special Oracle tables with names that acquire the prefix STATS$. Each STATS$ table is owned by the PERFSTAT user. Note that you can expend the regular SQL*Plus report command to determine the columns in the STATS$ table.

    DBAs commonly expend trend analysis to understand the behavior of the database at various times. This ilk of analysis also helps in identifying patterns of behavior in terms of database usage. Oracle Enterprise Manager (OEM) provides a capacity planning utensil as well, but STATSPACK provides a great number of statistics that can subsist used to generate different types of trend reports. Here are some useful metrics:

  • Data buffer hit ratio—This metric gives an conception of the effectiveness of the database buffer cache and the setting of the db_block_buffers parameter.

  • Physical disk reads and physical disk writes—These metrics give a well-behaved conception about the I/O activity in the system.

  • I/O waits—This metric can subsist used to determine I/O contention problems and can betoken whether the physical design of the database is good.

  • Sorts—This metric is an indication of the effectiveness of sort activity.

  • Buffer sedulous waits—This metric is an indication of freelist contention and can also betoken concurrent UPDATE or INSERT activity on the same object.

  • After STATSPACK captures the various performance statistics, you can generate various trend reports using the data gathered. These trend reports would provide signatures for various database metrics. For example, you might observe that on Monday mornings between 8 a.m. and 9 a.m., the I/O activity is extraordinarily high. This information can champion in taking the proper actions. In order to forecast the database growth trend properly, you must archive and dissect the data that is collected by any utensil such as STATSPACK. The script in Listing 3.1 shows how to plot the mediocre I/O occurring by hour of the day.

    Listing 3.1 Determining the mediocre I/O by Hour of the Day Set pages 9999; Column phyreads format 999,999,999 Column phywrites format 999,999,999 Select To_char(snap_time, 'HH24'), Avg(physical_reads) phyreads, Avg(physical_writes) phywrites From Perfstat.stats$buffer_pool_statistics bp, Perfstat.stats$snapshot sn, Where Bp.snap_id = sn.snap_id Group by To_char(snap_time, 'HH24');

    In addition to generating trend reports, you can expend queries to generate customized alerts that betoken to the DBA when positive preset thresholds accept exceeded. The script in Listing 3.2 can subsist scheduled to hasten at set intervals to betoken when the following are true:

    Buffer hit ratio < 85% I/O waits > 2000 Listing 3.2 Setting Alerts Set pages 9999; Set feedback off; Set verify off; Prompt **************************************** Prompt When the buffer cache hit rate is < 85%, Prompt you should account increasing the Prompt db_block_buffers parameter Prompt **************************************** Column "BUFFER HIT RATIO" format 999 Select To_char(snap_time, 'yyyy-mm-dd HH24'), Round(100*((a.value+b.value)-c.value)/(a.value+B.value)) "BUFFER HIT RATIO" From Perfstat.stats$sysstat a, Perfstat.stats$sysstat b, Perfstat.stats$sysstat c, Perfstat.stats$sysstat d, Perfstat.stats$snapshot s Where (round(100*((a.value+b.value)-c.value)/(a.value+b.value))) < 85 and snap_time > sysdate-&1 and a.snap_id = s.snap_id and b.snap_id = s.snap_id and c.snap_id = s.snap_id and d.snap_id = s.snap_id and a.statistic# = 39 and b.statistic# = 38 and c.statistic# = 40 and d.statistic# = 41; Prompt ****************************************************** Prompt When the I/O wait is very high, Prompt it indicates disk contention and you should consider Prompt reshuffling of datafiles to remove the contention Prompt ***************************************************** Column snapdate format a16 Column filename format a40 Select To_char(snap_time,'yyyy-mm-dd HH24') snapdate, Filename, Wait_count From Perfstat.stats$filestatxs f, Perfstat.stats$snapshot s Where Snap_time > sysdate-&1 and f.snap_id = s.snap_id and wait_count > 2000;

    Java Is soundless Free | actual questions and Pass4sure dumps

    The Longer Version

    This section deliberately has a lot of detail as there are nuances that exigency to subsist clearly explained. tickle enact yourself and your colleagues a favour by setting aside some proper time to read this in full. You’ll thank yourself for it, seriously.

    We’d also devotion to thank Simon Ritter, Stephen Colebourne, Hendrik Ebbers, Donald Smith, Jonas Konrad and many others for their earlier posts and permission to reuse their material. Appendix I — Signatories, Thanks and References gives a plenary list of accreditation and folks who are signatories to this document.

    Feedback is welcome!

    Change Log

    This document will subsist updated over time as unusual information comes to light or if there is a verified correction to some factual data. tickle check back here for updates and/or follow their @Java_Champions Twitter handle.

    Version — Date — Comments

    1.0.0–17 Sept 2018 1000 UTC — Initial Public Release


    The following sheet is tracking known dissemination of this document. tickle update if you participate this doc!


    With the recent changes to Oracle JDK distribution and support, there has been considerable uncertainty over the future of Java, over the software lifecycles, and over vendor-provided support. This document summarises the changes Oracle is making, and the options available for users of Java SE.

    WHAT enact THEY addupto BY FREE?

    In a nutshell, the word “free” has two discrete meanings in software:

    “Free as in beer” refers to the cost (i.e. money) of the software (aka $free).

    “Free as in speech” refers to what you are allowed to enact with the software.

    As explained in the Shorter Version, you can soundless accept Java SE binaries “free as in beer” from Oracle and other Java SE / OpenJDK providers.

    Although there are proprietary and/or restricted usage implementations of Java SE out there (Azul’s Zing, Oracle’s JDK etc), for a vast majority of users there is always the option of using an OpenJDK binary, which is “free as in speech” as it is GPLv2+CE licensed.

    These changes acquire happened within a short time frame creating a flawless storm of uncertainty as day to day developers, who don’t follow the industry intelligence closely, accept caught up. This leads to factually incorrect posts like:

    Which are luckily counterbalanced by more accurate posts such as:

  • Donald Smith (Senior Director, Java Platform Product Management — Oracle) — Update and FAQ on the Java SE Release Cadence
  • Simon Ritter (Deputy CTO — Azul) — Eliminating Java Update Confusion
  • Stephen Colebourne (Joda-Time author) — Java is soundless available at Zero Cost and Java Options
  • Hendrik Ebbers (Co-founder Karakun) — Do I exigency to pay for Java now?
  • This article will cover the main areas of concern and what’s being done about those concerns by the ecosystem. By the nearby of this post, you should subsist reassured that Java SE is soundless being well looked after and that it has a future stronger than ever!

    The unusual Six Month Release Cadence and LTS

    Java SE now has a feature release every six months, using a unusual versioning scheme which was previously announced in 2017. Thanks to improvements in JCP processes, OpenJDK committers can now interpolate spec changing features (such as var in Java SE 10) on the six-month cadence.


    Long Term champion (LTS) in OpenJDK is really just an understanding between the various contributors (led by Oracle) that the code line for Java SE 11 / 17 / 23 etc will subsist maintained for a longer period of time than six months.

    Oracle will lead the first six months of an OpenJDK LTS code line, providing updates and producing Oracle OpenJDK builds, but will then afterward only provide updates for Oracle JDK, under a paid champion plan.

    However, Oracle will toil with other OpenJDK vendors to hand over the OpenJDK LTS code line and allow them to continue working on it together to provide updates. Each vendor then has the preference of providing updates and/or paid champion for the binaries they produce.

    NOTE: This does addupto that Oracle’s JDK could disagree from the OpenJDK based binaries produced by other providers (this has always been the case). That said, as long as the binaries pass the TCK, you’re assured that those binaries are compatible with the Java SE standard.

    Understanding the unusual versioning scheme (including what LTS means) and how unusual features are introduced impacts how each version is maintained. By maintenance, they addupto the provision of update releases with security patches and primary bug fixes.


    Updates advert to the code patches that acquire gone into OpenJDK and Oracle JDK. These acquire typically gone in for free, until vendors determine that there’s an nearby of Public Updates process.

    Support means a commitment to fix bugs and it requires staff to acknowledge users’ problems, and that costs money. To subsist transparent there has never been free champion for Oracle JDK or OpenJDK.

    Up to and including OpenJDK 8 / Oracle JDK 8, updates were provided by Oracle and other OpenJDK committers within a “feature release”. Feature releases, such as 8u91, 8u111 and 8u131 (on a six-month cadence) were superseded by each subsequent feature release. For example, once 8u111 was released, you would not accept updates on 8u91.

    Starting with OpenJDK 9 / Oracle JDK 9, the unusual six-monthly release cycle came into result and updates now occur between “feature releases”, i.e. Similar to 8u91 -> 8u111, once 12 is released, you will not accept updates to 11 by Oracle (However, other OpenJDK committers, likely lead by Red Hat, will provide these).

    Oracle Updates Plan

    Until Java 8, Oracle provided updates for the Oracle JDK for a 3+ year lifecycle, and usage was permitted in personal as well as commercial settings. The updates provided no support, and champion required the purchase of specific licenses from Oracle. Paid champion also entailed longer update cycles.

    Starting with Java 9, Oracle has moved to a faster cadence for Oracle JDK and also started producing Oracle OpenJDK builds. Updates will generally subsist provided for 6 months before they are stopped upon release of the next version. If updates/support are required for a longer duration, or for production use, then it must subsist purchased from Oracle (i.e. You must subsist on Oracle JDK). Periodically, releases will subsist marked “LTS”. These releases will subsist supported by Oracle through their gauge champion licenses for an extended period. As of right now, the Oracle update diagram for Oracle OpenJDK builds, with updates, is as follows:

    Oracle Updates Plan

    The conception here is simple. As has been the model of Java SE going way back to the Sun era, Oracle focuses on unusual innovations and poignant Java SE forward. Organizations who wish to remain on legacy versions can enact so via commercial champion offerings. Of course, for some Java SE users and development shops, such rapid upgrade is not feasible.

    OpenJDK Updates Plan

    The OpenJDK community works on a free, open-source implementation of the Java SE standard. Oracle contributes heavily to the project, and it is the basis for both Oracle OpenJDK builds and Oracle JDK. OpenJDK 11+ is interchangeable with Oracle JDK for applications that adhere to the Java SE gauge and are using a build that has been tested against the TCK. Oracle will continue to contribute to OpenJDK while they provide updates for the corresponding Oracle OpenJDK build version. Once that version is superseded, Oracle will cease contributing to that version and start updating the next one.

    Oracle has been highly receptive to the conception of community maintenance (for OpenJDK 6 and 7) and will continue to champion handover of OpenJDK to the community to a qualified volunteering entity once they acquire moved on to working on the next version. Red Hat stepped in to globally lead (and provide regular updates to) OpenJDK 6 and OpenJDK 7 projects after Oracle ended updates for them. After Red Hat stopped updating OpenJDK 6, Azul Systems stepped in to lead the project and they continue to provide updates to this day.

    Red Hat intends to apply for the leadership of OpenJDK 8 after Oracle stops updating it in January 2019. It is primary to note that while Red Hat leads the OpenJDK 6 and 7 projects, they are not the sole contributors. Other vendors provide patches and fixes from time to time as well. With OpenJDK 8, there will subsist more contribution than ever before from non-Red Hat companies, such as Amazon, Azul, IBM, and others.

    For consistency, the OpenJDK update cycle will subsist extended for the same versions that are deemed LTS for Oracle JDK. As of right now, OpenJDK champion cycle is as follows:

    NOTE: These times are subject to change and different providers all acquire slightly different timeline commitments. Therefore they expend the term “At Least”.

    OpenJDK Updates Plan Java SE / OpenJDK Providers

    There are now a great number of Java SE / OpenJDK providers who provide either updates and/or paid champion options. The following sections provide a lot of detail, if you prefer a shorter read then Stephen Colebourne’s Java SE 11 Options post gives a summary.


    Updates advert to the code patches that acquire gone into OpenJDK and Oracle JDK. These acquire typically gone in for free, until vendors determine that there’s an nearby of Public Updates.

    Support means a commitment to fix bugs and it requires staff to acknowledge users’ problems, and that costs money. To subsist transparent there has never been free champion for Oracle JDK or OpenJDK.

    Why Would I pick Commercial Support?

    If you exigency a fix in a timely manner, someone to respond to your user requests, or if you want the reassurance that the binary you expend is being backed by a vendor, then Azul, IBM, Red Hat, Oracle et al. all proffer choices.


    The industry at great has settled firmly on Open Source Software as the way forward. Because of its “Free as in speech” nature, OSS licenses allow folks to modify and apt other people’s software without awe of punitive action.

    Many folks also relish the “Free as in beer” nature of much OSS software, but this comes at a noteworthy cost to the authors! Software developers, devotion anyone else, exigency to result a roof over their heads and food on their table. Vendors devotion Oracle pour vast amounts of money into Java SE (think 10s of $ Millions per year at the very least) and they enact exigency to effectively pay for that cost.

    So although you’re certainly not obliged to depart with a paid champion option with one of the vendors, sometimes it’s worth thinking about how you, the nearby users, can champion the Java SE ecosystem to ensure it has a long lasting future!

    Provider Summary Build yourself from Source

    Build from Source [OpenJDK, no commercial support, exigency to self-build]:

    Free Binary Distributions

    Free Builds for Linux, Windows, Mac, etc. [OpenJDK, no commercial support]:

    Commercially Supported Distributions

    Commercially supported [all Java SE compliant]:

    Azul Systems [OpenJDK base]:

    IBM [OpenJDK foundation classes + Eclipse OpenJ9 VM]:

    Oracle JDK [OpenJDK base]:

    Red Hat [OpenJDK base]:

    Linux Distros

    The various Linux distros will continue to provide OpenJDK for their respective distributions including but not limited to Debian, Ubuntu, CentOS, Fedora, Mint, Alpine et al.

  • Linux Distros enact not typically proffer paid champion (the exception being Red Hat for OpenJDK on RHEL).
  • Please visit your distro homepage for more information.
  • AdoptOpenJDK

    AdoptOpenJDK provides OpenJDK binary distributions (HotSpot and Eclipse OpenJ9) for a very wide sweep of platforms (Linux, Mac, Windows 32/64, Arm 32/64, z/OS, Solaris, AIX, PPC, s390 and more).

    Support Options
  • AdoptOpenJDK doesn’t proffer paid support. It simply provides well-tested binaries (some of which are TCK’d) from OpenJDK and Eclipse OpenJ9 upstream projects.
  • IBM offers paid champion for OpenJDK (with Eclipse OpenJ9 VM) binaries built at AdoptOpenJDK.
  • Important Links Azul

    Azul provides OpenJDK binaries (Zulu) as well as a specialised Java platform (Zing).

    Support Options

    Azul offers an option for all companies that enact not want to skip all Java SE versions between LTS releases but cannot switch to the newest version every 6 months. Next, to the champion for all LTS releases, where Azul provides 1 more year of champion than Oracle, Azul offers champion for so-called Medium Term champion (MTS) releases for their Zulu JDK. Here you can buy commercial champion for every second Java SE version regardless of if it is LTS or not. The champion duration of these versions is different. Azul tries to provide a well-behaved time sweep to prepare a migration to the next version and defines 3 different durations for champion of Java SE versions.

    Unlike Oracle, the commercial champion of Zulu is not defined per CPU but based on the number of systems. A system is defined as a physical or virtual server. The only dissimilarity between gauge and premium champion is the availability of the support. By buying premium champion you can call Azul 24x7.

    Important Links IBM

    IBM provides aboriginal JDK bundles for AIX, Linux (on x86, Power, zSystems), z/OS and IBM i. IBM offers the IBM SDK for Java SE versions for expend with IBM products or platforms and for developer expend from developerWorks. IBM also provides OpenJDK (with Eclipse OpenJ9) binaries built and tested at AdoptOpenJDK.

    Support Options

    For Java SE 7 and 8, IBM soundless provides security updates and bug fixes. The IBM champion lifecycle will continue to subsist updated. Based on the unusual Java SE release schedule IBM has announced that the non-LTS releases will subsist available as OpenJDK with OpenJ9 binaries from AdoptOpenJDK.

    Important Links Oracle

    Oracle now produces two JDK binaries: the traditional Oracle JDK and an Oracle OpenJDK build.

    Support Options

    In June 2018, Oracle replaced its legacy “Java SE Advanced” perpetual license champion product with a Subscription based offering that includes license and support. One of them targets Java SE on the desktop and the other one Java SE on the server, cloud, and Java SE in general. If you enact not expend Java SE on the desktop the “Java SE Subscription” will subsist the right champion model for you. If you expend Java SE on the desktop for client applications the “Java SE Desktop Subscription” product is available. If your software uses a Java SE server and Java SE based clients you can subscribe to both offerings.

    Commercial champion for Java SE applications on the desktop might become quite primary for some companies since Oracle will drop several primary desktop features from the JDK starting with Java SE version 11. If you are using Java SE on the desktop they highly recommend to read the following articles:

    Important Links Red Hat

    Red Hat produces OpenJDK binaries for various platforms that Red Hat Enterprise Linux runs on.

    Support Options

    Red Hat won’t provide Java SE 9 and 10 releases. The next distribution that Red Hat plans to release is OpenJDK 11 for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7. Currently, Java SE 8 is the supported release for Red Hat Enterprise Linux and the company will champion it until 2023.

    Important Links Java Desktop / Java Web Start / JavaFX

    There are a number of changes with Desktop Java SE starting with Oracle JDK 11 that you exigency to subsist cognizant of.

    JavaFX / OpenJFX

    Starting with Java SE 11, neither the OpenJDK builds or the Oracle JDK binaries comprise the JavaFX libraries. The JavaFX components will now subsist delivered as a divorce SDK, or as artifacts that can subsist used via build tools (e.g. Apache Maven, Gradle et al.). As a positive consequence of this decoupling, JavaFX development can now acquire its own roadmap.

    JavaFX is soundless being developed in OpenJFX, which is a project under the OpenJDK community umbrella. Oracle, other companies and individuals in the wider community are actively developing JavaFX. An automatically synced GitHub mirror is created as well, lowering the barrier for developers to contribute code and issues to JavaFX.

    At the jiffy builds for OpenJFX are only provided by Gluon. As all the OpenJFX source code is 100% open, others can create or ration binaries as well. At OpenJFX, a similar approach as the one in OpenJDK is followed, where after releasing JavaFX 11, the focus is on JavaFX 12 and so on. JavaFX developers and users are encouraged to expend the latest released version of OpenJFX.

    Gluon provides a champion diagram for companies who want Long Term champion for JavaFX 11.

    Java Packager

    The javapackager, which allows bundling applications and its dependencies with (a subset of) the JVM is no longer Part of OpenJFX and is removed from Oracle’s JDK and Oracle OpenJDK builds starting with Java 11. A JEP has been submitted for adding a Java Packaging utensil to OpenJDK. While the unusual Java Packaging utensil will not subsist ready for the Java 11 release, Gluon is working on a utensil allowing Java 11 applications to subsist packaged into aboriginal images.

    Java WebStart

    If you are using Java Web Start technology to ration desktop clients you should assume keeping about the current situation as rapidly as workable since Oracle has removed Web Start from Java.

  • IcedTea-Web is an alternative you can use
  • IBM will subsist supporting OpenJDK with OpenJ9 binaries with IcedTea-Web
  • Community builds from Red Hat comprise a simplified IcedTea-Web installer (ojdkbuilds)
  • Karakun is working on an OSS replacement for Web Start as well
  • FAQ

    We recognize that the post above may not acquire the information explained in a manner which answers your exact question. So they acquire a FAQ.

    OpenJDK variants vs each other and vs Oracle JDK

    Q. Differences between OpenJDK vs Oracle’s OpenJDK builds vs Oracle JDK?

    We’ll just talk about Java 11+ LTS releases here. Oracle JDK and Oracle OpenJDK builds are identical, but are licensed in different ways (commercial and GPLv2+CE respectively).

    Oracle JDK / Oracle OpenJDK builds and OpenJDK builds from other providers will subsist built from the same source for the first six months of updates and should subsist interchangeable for that period. After six months Oracle JDK / Oracle OpenJDK builds will subsist built from Oracle’s own fork. Other OpenJDK providers will continue to create binaries from the OpenJDK updates project. Oracle JDK / Oracle OpenJDK and OpenJDK builds from the other providers may therefore disagree in little ways. Binaries from various parties may, of course, vary over time.

    Q. Differences between OpenJDK from (non-Oracle) provider A vs provider B?

    We’ll just talk about LTS releases here. As has been the case with the Java SE 6 and Java SE 7 updates projects, various providers toil together upstream in the OpenJDK community, which provides the common repositories, mailing lists, and other infra to participate the work. This means the dissimilarity between OpenJDK-based binaries are mostly non-core features, devotion extended monitoring and diagnostic support. Although there may subsist little differences in the final binaries (perhaps a provider-specific utensil etc) they will all at least acquire the same security and stability baseline as has been actual for many years.

    Oracle JDK / OpenJDK 8, 11 nearby of Public Updates by Oracle

    With the Oracle JDK 8 and 11 nearby of Public Updates for Oracle happening soon, some folks are unclear on the ramifications:

    Q. If I wait on Oracle JDK 8 / 11, enact I acquire to pay to accept security and bug fixes?

    For Oracle JDK 8, for personal desktop use, then no. For commercial expend after January 2019, then yes. For Oracle OpenJDK builds starting with Java SE 11, after the initial 6 months of updates, then yes.

    Q. If I wait on OpenJDK 8 / 11, enact I acquire to pay to accept security and bug fixes?

    Not necessarily. As was the case with Java SE 6 and Java SE 7, Oracle works with the OpenJDK community to transition the leadership of OpenJDK update projects to other contributors. This has worked well for over a decade. It is very likely Red Hat will continue this leadership in OpenJDK 8 and OpenJDK 11 updates with champion from Oracle and other parties. This means primary patches will accept selectively backported. You then acquire the preference of taking downstream OpenJDK based binaries from a variety of providers for free, or as Part of a paid champion offering. In particular, there is an OpenJDK Vulnerability group which deals with 0-day exploits and CVE’s and ensures that fixes accept out as quickly as possible.

    Q. Will Oracle’s JDK 8 and 11 soundless subsist available for download (last public release)? For example, a company has software that only runs on Oracle’s JDK 8 and they provision a unusual machine after January 2019?

    You can soundless download older versions of the Oracle JDK up to the point where the public updates stop. There is no judgement to hope these archives to subsist removed. Moreover, Oracle JDK 8 continues to subsist free for personal desktop expend through at least 2020.

    Q. If someone is using Oracle JDK 8 to hasten commercial software, after January 2019 enact they exigency to purchase a license?

    No. The user can continue to expend Oracle JDK 8 indefinitely without paying. The only cost is if they want to accept updates beyond Jan 2019, in which case they will exigency to purchase an “Oracle Java SE subscription”. This follows the habitual “End of Public Updates” process which has been in practice for well over a decade. Also, note that Oracle JDK 8 continues to subsist free for personal desktop expend through at least 2020.

    Q. What happens to Oracle Java Web Start after January 2019? Does it continue to hasten or at what point enact you exigency to purchase a license?

    Since Web Start is Part of Oracle JDK 8 it will continue to toil and can subsist used indefinitely without cost. As above if you exigency updates (bug fix and security patches) you will exigency to purchase a “Java SE subscription”. If your nearby users are consumers, they are covered for free until at least 2020 as Oracle JDK 8 will continue to subsist free for personal desktop expend until at least the nearby of 2020. Oracle has stated that they will continue to champion (i.e. provide commercial updates for) Java Web Start at least until March 2025.

    There is also IcedTea-Web as an alternative and Karakun is working on an OSS replacement for Web Start.

    Appendix I — Signatories, Thanks and References

    Special thanks depart to the following folks who paved a road with their earlier blog posts. Many of the links and material in this document were cribbed and collated (with permission) from these sources.

    Java Champions — A Community corpse of Java Experts

  • Simon Ritter (Deputy CTO — Azul) — Eliminating Java Update Confusion
  • Stephen Colebourne (Joda-Time author) — Java is soundless available at Zero Cost and Java 11 Options.
  • Hendrik Ebbers (Co-founder Karakun) — Do I exigency to pay for Java now?
  • Johan Vos (Co-founder Gluon) — JavaFX Release and champion Plans
  • Martijn Verburg — Lead Author / Facilitator of this document
  • Many others!
  • Oracle via Donald Smith (Senior Director of Product Management)

  • Faster and Easier User and Redistribution of Java SE
  • Extension of Oracle Java SE 8 Public Updates and Java Web Start support
  • The future of JavaFX and other Java Client Roadmap Updates
  • Update and FAQ on the Java SE Release Cadence
  • A Quick Summary on the unusual Oracle Java SE Subscription
  • Oracle JDK Releases for Java 11 and later
  • Other notable folks

  • Jonas Konrad — Java Support
  • The following Java ecosystem folks back this document as a unprejudiced and balanced record of the status of Java SE / OpenJDK and plans for free updates and/or paid support.

    Person / Credentials

    Martijn Verburg

    AdoptOpenJDK co-lead, Java Champion, London JUG Leader, Member of JCP Executive Committee, Jakarta EE Steering Committee Member, CEO @ jClarity

    Hendrik Ebbers

    Java Champion, JUG Dortmund Leader, JSR EG member, Co-founder of Karakun

    Ivar Grimstad

    Java Champion, Malmö JUG Leader, JCP Executive Committee Member, EE4J PMC Lead, Jakarta EE WG Member

    Markus Eisele

    Java Champion

    Heinz Kabutz

    Java Champion, The Java Specialists’ Newsletter, JCrete Founder

    Ivan St. Ivanov

    Java Champion, Bulgarian JUG Leader, jPrime Conference Organizer, Virtual JUG Leader, VIDA Software co-founder and senior programmer

    Stephen Colebourne

    Java Champion, Creator Joda and ThreeTen projects

    Trisha Gee

    Java Champion, Sevilla Java User Group Leader, JCP Executive Committee Member, Java Developer Advocate for JetBrains

    Josh Long

    Java Champion, Spring Developer Advocate for Pivotal, best-selling bespeak author and prolific speaker worldwide

    Gail Anderson

    Java Champion, Oracle Developer Champion, co-founder Anderson Software Group, Inc.

    Justin Lee

    Java Champion, JSR EG Member

    Andres Almiray

    Java Champion, JCP EC Member, Oracle Developer Champion, Hackergarten worldwide

    Enrique Zamudio

    Java Champion, JVMMX (Mexico City JUG), author of j8583, jAlarms, Ceylon to Javascript compiler

    Alan Williamson

    Java Champion, author, podcaster, CTO of MacLaurin Group

    Maurice Naftalin

    Java Champion, Oracle Developer Champion, author

    Mark Heckler

    Java Champion, Spring Developer Advocate for Pivotal, conference speaker, & published author

    Kirk Pepperdine

    Java Champion, jCrete cofounder, Performance tuning advocate, co-founder jClarity

    Matt Raible

    Java Champion, Web Developer, and Developer Advocate at Okta. Classic VWs Enthusiast.

    Henri Tremblay

    Java Champion, Montréal JUG & Devoxx4kids Québec leader, EasyMock and Objenesis lead developer, conference speaker

    Cay Horstmann

    Java Champion, author of “Core Java”

    David Heffelfinger

    Java Champion, Apache NetBeans Committer, Technical Author, Jakarta EE Consultant and Instructor.

    Josh Juneau

    Java Champion, Apache NetBeans Committer, Jakarta EE Mojarra Committer, Technical Author, Podcaster

    Jonathan Giles

    Java Champion, Dukes preference Award winner, Microsoft Cloud Developer Advocate, Co-founder Gluon

    Ben Evans

    Java Champion, former JCP EC Member, co-founder jClarity, author of “Java in a Nutshell” & “Optimizing Java”

    Johan Vos

    Java Champion, Oracle Developer Champion, Gluon co-founder

    Thor Henning hetland

    Java Champion, Principal at Capra Consulting. Community leader Cantara, javaBin, JavaZone, Oslo Software Architecture and more..

    Simone Bordet

    Java Champion, JUG Torino co-leader, Jetty team member

    Holly Cummins

    Java Champion, Author of Enterprise OSGi in Action

    Daniel Bryant

    Java Champion, co-author of Continuous Delivery in Java, and leader within the LJC

    Mohamed Taman

    Java Champion, Oracle Developer Champions, JCP member, EGJUG leader, Sr. Enterprise Architect / Sr. Software Engineer @WebCentric Belgrade, Serbia. International speaker, Books Author of “JavaFX essentials”, “Getting started with antiseptic code, Java SE 9”, and “Hands-On Java 10 Programming with JShell”. Won Duke’s preference 2015, 2014 awards, & JCP outstanding adopt-a-jar participant 2013 awards

    Simon Maple

    Java Champion, Oracle Developer Champion, Virtual JUG leader, Director of Developer Relations, Snyk.

    Oliver Gierke

    Java Champion, Spring Data Project Lead at Pivotal Software, Inc.

    Jean-Michel Doudoux

    Java Champion, author of “Développons en Java”

    Michael Kölling

    Java Champion, Creator of BlueJ and Greenfoot, author of ‘Objects First with Java’.

    Mert Çalışkan

    Java Champion, Director of OpsGenie Academy, Published Author, Speaker

    Leonardo M R Lima

    Java Champion, JSR Spec Lead

    Cesar Hernandez

    Java Champion, Senior Software Engineer at Tomitribe, Eclipse Foundation Committer, Guatemala Java User Group member, Speaker and board member of Latin America Virtual JUG JEspañol.

    Rustam Mehmandarov

    Java Champion, Chief Engineer, Leader of JavaZone, board member and former leader of javaBin — Norwegian Java User Group.

    Paul Bakker

    Java Champion, Senior Software Engineer at Netflix

    Geir Magnusson Jr

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    Zendesk CRM moves beyond customer service into CX | actual questions and Pass4sure dumps

    News Writer, commerce Applications

    Zendesk is poignant beyond being solely a customer service software vendor and is entering the more CX-focused CRM...


    With the industry shift toward unifying sales, marketing and service, a Zendesk CRM reflects that industry transition, but it's already a crowded market with many great players and dozens more filling primary niches.

    Zendesk is expecting its service background to bring it success across an entire organization, while providing flexibility and public cloud architecture. Zendesk unveiled these unusual applications and the AWS intelligence at Relate, its annual conference on Nov. 12.

    Zendesk also released Zendesk Sell, a sales constrain automation tool, and Zendesk Explore, a reporting tool. The addition of Zendesk applications that can toil across an organization's commerce process is a common play for CX vendors, with CRM vendors devotion Salesforce and Oracle unveiling platform-wide applications this year.

    "I umpire the pendulum has swung back and forth between buying the best of breed for each piece of CRM stack and going with a platform that has integrated pieces to the puzzle," said Brent Leary, a CRM and CX analyst at CRM Essentials. "You're seeing bigger companies devotion Salesforce, Oracle and SAP filling out missing pieces with acquisitions to proffer a more cohesive platform. Zendesk is trying to enact the same."

    Zendesk acquired sales constrain automation vendor foundation in September, rebranding it as Zendesk Sell to fill its SFA software gap.

    Benefits of a public cloud

    In addition to expanding products to sales and marketing, the Zendesk CRM system -- named Sunshine -- is also built on AWS, the public cloud architecture the San Francisco-based company said its users were looking for.

    Zendesk moves on from being solely customer service Customer service vendor Zendesk is expanding into CRM, SFA and analytics with unusual products, built on top of AWS, allowing for third-party integration.

    "The open cloud is the way modern developers think," said Sam Boonin, VP of product strategy at Zendesk. "We learn from their customers."

    Zendesk was built on its own proprietary cloud, but two years ago began a migration over to AWS. By doing that, Zendesk expects it can attract companies that want the insights provided by a connected CRM without being beholden to a platform, devotion Salesforce or Microsoft Dynamics 365.

    "The commerce demands of data and processes around CX exigency to stream freely through it, but most users don't want to enact all of that in a platform," Boonin said. "Companies that expend Sunshine can assume handicap of elasticity and cost handicap of a public cloud."

    Winning in this competitive environment is as much about giving customers the flexibility to create their own ways of working. Nicole Franceanalyst, Constellation Research

    By hosting Zendesk CRM on AWS, it makes it easier for other vendors to integrate their APIs with Zendesk, according to Nicole France, analyst at Constellation Research.

    "Winning in this competitive environment is as much about giving customers the flexibility to create their own ways of working," France said.

    One vendor that is interested in a more open Zendesk is product success software vendor Pendo, which partners with Zendesk and also uses the product in-house.

    "For us, it's about injecting their data into more creative ways throughout [the Zendesk] platform," said Todd Olson, Pendo CEO and co-founder. "The intelligence about Sunshine on the AWS cloud makes it easier to augment the platform."

    A resilient CRM

    Zendesk poignant beyond exclusively customer service to being a vendor of sales, marketing and analytics software tools is a significant transition, analysts said.

    "Zendesk's ride into CRM is a transparent and timely recognition that to succeed in the digital era, companies must build a comprehensive view of their customers across all of their interactions with them," France said.

    But what Zendesk is trying to achieve with Sunshine is to create a CX platform with flexibility for its users to add other tools -- even if they compete with Zendesk's.

    "We're hearing from their customers that they don't want another vendor-locked-in platform," Boonin said. "Part of being an open platform is about proverb you don't exigency to expend every factor they proffer to enact your business. It's something you hear often from tech vendors, but they are trying to subsist more radically open."

    This nexus between using one platform for everything and licensing third-party vendors is where the CX industry is headed, according to analysts. That's why Salesforce spent $6.5 billion on integration vendor MuleSoft and Zendesk migrated from its own cloud to AWS.

    "Companies don't want to operate or can't operate by having just one vendor for everything," Leary said. "You may acquire mission-critical apps that you can't accept off of but you devotion this other customer assignation stack -- you'll exigency those applications to talk to each other."

    Customer pricing of Sunshine, Sell and Explore varies depending on other product subscriptions, commerce size and number of users.

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