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in response to the statistics obtainable in S&P world Market Intelligence, IBM (NYSE: IBM) hasn't booked an impairment of goodwill in 29 years -- from 1989 to 2018. astronomical Blue has made 178 acquisitions in that time, spending at least $77 billion within the manner.
a girl jogging via an IBM statistics middle surrounded by artery of gadget.more
picture source: IBM.
What's goodwill, you ask? within the least difficult phrases, it's the extra paid above impartial market price to purchase an asset, constantly a enterprise. within the case of red Hat (NYSE: RHT), IBM is paying $33.eight billion to purchase the business. for the understanding that pink Hat was trading for $20.5 billion in market cap at the time of the deal, it breathe an outstanding bet that IBM might breathe adding as a minimum $13 billion extra in goodwill and intangible property to its equilibrium sheet, probably bringing the entire carried to over $50 billion.
The desk below shows why this matters. on account that 2015, over 30% of IBM's assets fill been rolled up in intangibles equivalent to patents, consumer lists, brand names, product attractiveness, market share, and so forth.Metric 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Goodwill $31.2 billion $30.6 billion $32.0 billion $36.2 billion $36.8 billion different intangibles $three.9 billion $three.1 billion $3.5 billion $four.7 billion $3.7 billion Subtotal $35.1 billion $33.7 billion $35.5 billion $forty.9 billion $forty.5 billion complete assets $126.2 billion $117.3 billion $one hundred ten.5 billion $117.5 billion $one hundred twenty five.four billion % of total belongings 27.8% 28.7% 32.2% 35% 32.three%
statistics supply: S&P global Market Intelligence.The unhealthy facet of goodwill
within the short time period, purchasing goodwill is convenient to justify. once again, Take pink Hat. not most efficient is the enterprise a leading provider of open-supply tools and software, it besides has the leading brand identify in Linux, which is likely one of the world's most used working programs and basic infrastructure for today's company computing environments. The commerce additionally has relationships with an immense number of builders, serves significant, long-term money owed, and produces immediate to $1 billion in excess money bound yearly. You could fairly squabble that IBM is paying a estimable payment for some of the choicest businesses in tech. I discover it extremely not likely that IBM will ever fill to write down its investment in pink Hat.
If handiest that mattered.
here's the difficulty. Public groups not gain to amortize and retire goodwill as they as soon as did. definitely, in accordance with accounting necessities, every yr management is required to examine the price of its got belongings and assess whether reasonable value has dropped enough to drive an "impairment," a write-off to profits equal (roughly) to the extra reasonable price it truly is been forfeited. every time IBM rolls up a novel deal, the chances of an impairment of goodwill increases, especially on the reasonable value of groups that were bought a long time in the past and that may besides not breathe principal to selling huge Blue's products and features.
to this point, IBM has avoided writedowns by using conserving and using the tech it breathe bought. but when you examine the annual record, that could breathe altering:
in the fourth quarter, the company carried out its annual goodwill impairment evaluation. The qualitative evaluation illustrated evidence of a potential impairment triggering adventure on account of the economic efficiency of the systems reporting unit. The quantitative analysis resulted in no impairment because the reporting unit's estimated reasonable cost handed the carrying quantity by means of over a hundred percent.
This identical language appears in IBM's annual reviews for 2013, 2014, and 2016. it breathe at least viable that a component (or all) of the $1.862 billion in goodwill assigned to the techniques unit as of Dec. 31, 2017 can breathe written down in the coming quarters or years. at the very least it breathe a warning signal considering that IBM has not ever suffered a writedown of goodwill and due to the fact it's stockpiling goodwill much sooner than revenue.
nevertheless it's basically worse than that. in keeping with information provided by artery of S&P world Market Intelligence, considering that 1990, IBM's profits is up 0.52% annualized while net profit is up 1.43% annualized, and cash stream from operations is up 2.fifty eight% annualized. Goodwill and intangibles? Up 8.41% annualized over the identical duration. buyers preserving IBM stock plenary the artery through that 28-year era can breathe up 338.6%, versus 740.5% for the S&P 500. Even with plenary these expensive acquisitions, you'd fill performed more advantageous with essential indexing than you may fill buying and protecting IBM stock.where this has happened earlier than
if you are thinking that this analysis could breathe an extended road to nowhere, i may admit that you just might fill a degree. there isn't a certain option to inform whether IBM administration is due for a goodwill writedown. And yet I believe or not it's worthwhile spending some time below the hood in situations enjoy these. traders will pay a precipitous cost when years of accumulated goodwill become an anchor too hefty to elevate. accept as proper with what's took position to well-known electric (NYSE: GE). A $10 billion-plus deal for Alstom has long gone horribly incorrect in fresh years, forcing a $23 billion markdown of goodwill late final year.
i wouldn't posit to aver IBM is in an analogous position, however i'm confident adequate that astronomical Blue will shed some goodwill within the subsequent two years that I've shorted the inventory in my CAPS portfolio. So i am hoping you enact not own IBM stock. but if you do, i am hoping that i'm wrong.
more From The Motley idiot
Tim Beyers has no position in any of the shares outlined. The Motley fool is brief shares of IBM. The Motley fool has a disclosure coverage.
IBM is making its first purchase of 2011 today with acquisition of existent estate administration application developer Tririga. fiscal phrases of the deal, which is anticipated to immediate in the 2d quarter of 2011, were now not disclosed.
Tririga’s software helps valued clientele accomplish strategic planning selections concerning space usage, account election actual estate initiatives, generate larger returns from capital initiatives, and examine environmental influence investments. IBM says that property and precise property typically represents the 2nd-greatest expense on an organization’s salary statement, after employee compensation. Tririga’s utility helps companies streamlines and lop these charges.
Tririga’s application is used by artery of more than 200 clients, including over one-third of Fortune one hundred businesses as well as seven of the 15 federal govt departments of the U.S. executive.Tririga can breathe integrated into IBM Tivoli software and IBM global company functions.
In 2010, IBM spent roughly $6 billion to acquire 17 agencies, so it would breathe entertaining to peer what acquisition’s are up huge Blue’s sleeve in 2011.
newsIBM presents Cloud Computing support
large Blue will succor corporations verify the economics of the usage of cloud computing infrastructure. It is besides offering technical assistance on including cloud computing options to datacenters. ultimately, IBM offers aid with protection in cloud computing initiatives.
IBM international commerce features gives financial consultation functions, helping agencies of plenary sizes on cloud computing complete can saturate of ownership, in accordance with IBM's announcement.
For these needing assist adding cloud computing solutions to datacenters, IBM offers counsel through its IBM international technology services community.
organizations fill three cloud computing alternatives. they can build "deepest clouds," equivalent to at a company's datacenter. on the other hand, they can access features from public clouds. The third election is a "hybrid cloud mannequin" that mixes deepest and public clouds, based on IBM's announcement.
besides offering consulting features, IBM introduced a "Resilient Cloud Validation" software, which is expected to breathe purchasable in "early 2009." it breathe a symbol-branding program geared toward corporations that collaborate with IBM. in keeping with its announcement, IBM will validate "any enterprise supplying purposes or capabilities to purchasers within the cloud atmosphere" below the application.
ultimate 12 months, IBM introduced "Blue Cloud," a cloud computing initiative in China and Vietnam. The datacenter deployment changed into in accordance with "Xen and PowerVM virtualized Linux operating gadget photographs and Hadoop parallel workload scheduling," in line with an IBM announcement. IBM Tivoli utility become used for administration.
On Monday, IBM announced that it has a brand novel pilot cloud computing initiative in China code-named "Yun," which capability "cloud" in chinese language. IBM provided few details, but Yun requires "zero human input" to control a consumer's software when it comes to "storage, server and network materials," in accordance with IBM's announcement.
IBM besides introduced its "Bluehouse" beta this month, which mixes collaboration and net conferencing functions for company users.
The enterprise currently has 13 cloud computing centers worldwide, according to Willy Chiu, IBM's vice chairman for prime performance on exact options.
big Blue's cloud computing announcements succeed final month's debut of the Azure functions Platform, Microsoft's personal cloud computing providing. IBM has loads of adventure with datacenters, however Microsoft has been quietly constructing out its personal datacenter community of late to launch its hosted options.
IBM, with its hefty center of attention on service-oriented architecture (SOA) and assembly the wants of perpendicular organizations, describes its cloud computing initiative in SOA terms.
"SOA is to cloud computing as HTML is to the web," talked about Irving Wladawsky-Berger, chairman emeritus of the IBM Academy of technology, as quoted the business's white paper, "IBM viewpoint on Cloud Computing" (PDF).
Wladawsky-Berger explains in a video at IBM's cloud computing net web page that americans should appear to IBM to steer them in the course of the cloud.
"considering that IBM is the diagnosed leader in the datacenter -- both in hardware, application and servers -- each person would hope that it is IBM that should quiet breathe the chief in evolving these datacenters towards cloud computing," he spoke of.
Kurt Mackie is online news editor, commercial enterprise community, at 1105 Media Inc.
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NewsIBM Spends $400 Million on SAN Intiative
Big Blue claims these solutions and services will succor customers manage information and transactions efficiently across increasingly complex, multi-vendor networks.
"IBM's SAN initiative is about leveraging every division of the company to deliver on the pledge of SANs for their customers -- interoperability between vendor systems and proper data sharing," said Linda Sanford, common manager, IBM Storage Subsystems Division in a statement.
As partake of the initiative, IBM (www.ibm.com) is establishing more than 50 SAN Solution Centers with its commerce partners, SAN testing facilities in Montpellier, France as well as in Makuhari, Japan, and a SAN and Storage Services consulting exercise within IBM Global Services.
IBM Global Services is delivering novel services to succor customers implement SANs and other storage solutions. These include Enterprise Storage Assessment, Planning and Design Services, Implementation Services, and support Services
IBM will besides tender products as a result of the initiative, including novel models of the Shark Enterprise Storage Server, and novel fibre channel-based SAN solutions.
The novel models of its Shark Enterprise Storage Server feature IBM’s 64-bit RISC processor, 16 gigabytes of cache, and additional PCI buses, resulting in up to a 100 percent expand in throughput. Existing Shark customers can upgrade to the novel processor to gain performance advantages. The enhanced Shark software will support advanced copy services and endemic fibre channel connectivity as those features become available.
IBM is besides announcing novel enhanced, industry-standard, fibre channel-based routers, gateways, switches and managed hubs that enhance SAN connectivity in an enterprise. In addition, IBM Magstar tape products can now connect in a SAN using the IBM SAN Data Gateway, allowing them to support the sharing of tape drives within a SAN.
On April 4, IBM’s Tivoli Systems Inc. (www.tivoli.com) will advertise Tivoli LAN-free SAN management software, enabling information to breathe shared across different application programs, servers and storage devices.
IBM besides introduced a SAN solution using a cluster of two Netfinity servers with fibre channel connections and Legato Systems Inc. (www.legato.com) mirroring extension software. The cluster can breathe separated by as much as 10 kilometers (6.2 miles). IBM's SAN Fibre Channel Managed Hub creates high-speed interconnections for such applications as high-availability clustering, storage consolidation, and LAN-free backup.
Industry analysts assess that by 2002, SANs will breathe used by 70 percent of plenary medium and great companies. – Thomas Sullivan
Scott Bekker is editor in chief of Redmond Channel ally magazine.
IT charging is the process of billing for IT services rendered to internal or external customers. The charging process uses two key sets of information: 1) rates based on accounting information, forecasts of current and future customer demand, and other apposite information; and 2) usage information based on actual measures and estimates. Together, this information is used to create a price, or assessment, for a given service, as shown in device 4-5.
Figure 4-5 Charging process develops rates, captures utilization, and results in a price or assessment.Determining Cost center Charging Methods
As organizations mature from a reactive IT organization to an IT cost center, they develop a standardized saturate or assessment framework using a chargeback (or IT costing) model to define available costs associated with its services. Through the development and population of a chargeback or IT costing model, you will determine your service rates. There are many different definitions of chargeback models, but they combine IT accounting data to determine a service's cost with usage data from capacity management and other processes to develop a price. In an article on CIO.com, titled "Chargeback Demonstrates IT Value in the Enterprise," note J. Denne discusses a number of approaches to developing chargeback methods.10 They include subscription, peak level usage, user-based pricing, and ticket-based pricing.
Regardless of the pricing mode you choose, cost centers, by definition, saturate an arrogate level of fees for IT products and services to exactly equal the costs incurred by the IT organization to provide these IT products and services, which is considered "break even" from a financial perspective.
To succor you develop your rate and a means for capturing utilization information, they fill summarized a common mode for developing a chargeback model. This mode includes developing a chargeback model to determine the rate; populating the chargeback model with a mingle of assumptions, averages, and actual costs; and determining utilization, or quantity of services. Developing measures of utilization is a key link to the exact management process.Develop Chargeback Model to Determine Rate for Each Service
The cost center uses the chargeback rate and utilization mode to develop a pricing or assessment mode to recover these costs through a saturate or assessment. To determine your service (or chargeback) rate, you should start by creating a chargeback template to determine your cost and populate the chargeback template with expense information. This will succor you determine the cost of your specific service. Then, based on your pricing decisions and capacity to determine service utilization, you can determine the rates you will saturate for a given service.
To determine your chargeback rate, you first exigency to know your cost. They recommend that you develop a template for collecting information by service that allows you to provide a top-level summary sheet, while besides providing significant detail on specific areas in the services inputs and buildup worksheet.
The top-level summary sheet can then breathe used as a common language between the commerce unit and IT unit regarding the cost of a specific service. Table 4-6 shows a simple framework to develop the top-level summary sheet. The top-level summary worksheet highlights the unloaded chargeback rate, applicable overhead rates, and published chargeback rate for your services. The unloaded chargeback rate, besides often referred to as plenary direct costs, is the cost without any overhead applied.Table 4-6. Top-Level Summary Sheet
Unloaded Chargeback Rate
Administrative Overhead Rate
Published Rate (Rounded)
This top-level summary sheet is useful to both the IT organization and the commerce group because it:
Next, the organization should develop a summary of key costs for each service, such as the service inputs and buildup worksheet in Table 4-7. These costs include hardware, software staff costs, and other cost types. If an organization has created cost types within its IT accounting practices, these costs should match these types within this sheet. This sheet is censorious for transparency of IT costs and establishes a common understanding with the commerce unit. The commerce unit and the IT department can review the various inputs to a service to determine whether they are necessary.Table 4-7. Services Inputs and Buildup Worksheet
Hardware Cost (Purchase Price)
Operating System (One-Time Cost)
Staff Setup Cost
Annualized Amount (with 3-year Depreciation)
HW and SW Maintenance
Annual Staff Cost
Development of enterprise resource planning (ERP) customized application
As you will remark from Table 4-7, the process can breathe used for transactional services, such as hosting, or project services, such as application development. These buildup worksheets are efficient ways to account for the exigency to capture differences in types of services, infrastructure, networking, and application development. To provide additional detail, you should develop a service-specific worksheet that includes the circumstantial support for your service's inputs and buildup worksheet. Several options to develop these service-specific summary sheets follow:
The structure of these worksheets needs to breathe tailored to your organization. You should structure them based on the information you fill available and the audience that will expend this information.Populate the Service Chargeback Model with a mingle of Assumptions, Averages, and Actual Costs
After the finance and IT organization complete the chargeback framework, they should then drudgery together to insert costs into the model. They would enjoy to reinforce their discussion in the accounting section on using estimates, averages, or actual IT expenditures to develop costs. Many cost centers expend assumptions and averages, rather than cost accounting data. For example, instead of listing the exact price of a server, the IT organization might list an mediocre rate, sometimes referred to as a blended rate. These blended rates are the mediocre of a number of purchase orders to determine the typical cost. Also, instead of exact FTE estimates for system administrators, the organization might develop a blended rate that reflects the mediocre cost of a system administrator.
In addition to the discussion of estimates, averages, and actual IT expenditure data in the accounting section, they provide key examples of benefits assumptions if actual data is not available:
Reactive IT organizations saturate their internal or external customers through corporate overhead allocations rather than direct invoicing. This want of transparency in IT budgeting is often viewed as a tax on commerce units and creates resentment by the commerce units. As an IT organization matures to a cost center, it develops a mode to assess the service's cost and the customer's utilization. This standardized IT pricing framework captures a service's cost and utilization (where appropriate). This framework could besides service as the customer invoice. A simple customer template could gawk enjoy Table 4-8.Table 4-8. IT Pricing Framework for commerce Units
Service (or Chargeback) Rate
Total Chargeback Cost (or IT Price)
Per statement of drudgery (SOW)
The previous pricing framework highlights the inequity between transactional services and services, such as application development, that may breathe based on a statement of drudgery (SOW). The final item, application development, is an case of a project-based service that employs staff or contracts. Some organizations may Take an SOW approach, in which a defined SOW summarizes that payment that will result from a given set of deliverables, such as the completed application or software package. Alternatively, you could develop a per-hour rate for application developers and saturate the customer this hourly rate.
After the IT organization has developed a framework, it should expend this as a utensil to engage its customers in a discussion of the charging process. These initial discussions will foster acceptance of this framework within the organization. The organization can then develop the inputs to the framework including the service (or chargeback) rate and the service utilization.Determine Utilization or Quantity of Services
Because the IT organization has established its costs, it now needs to drudgery with its existing customers to project out the near term the expected exact for each IT product and service, measured in projected quantity of IT products and services; to establish the projected overall demand, and to develop pricing for each IT product and service offered using project exact as a key assumption.
To recover costs, you must develop an accurate measure of the quantity of services used by a customer or service. The cost center often uses actual measures and estimates to measure the quantity of resources used by each customer. As with expenditures, you should expend automated tools to collect actual costs of service utilization data whenever possible. Following is a summary of three methods to measure utilization:
Tiered utilization: A hybrid approach includes tiered utilization, whereby an organization measures utilization of a specific service and groups customers into tiers. This utilization data may breathe gathered through either a exact management or capacity management process under ITIL. The expend of an automated utensil often supports this endeavor because one mode to stratify the pricing of multiple tiers of IT product and service offerings is based on utilization versus resources.
Developing tiered utilization can breathe combined with tiered rates, in which the IT organization offers tiers of IT products and services, such as stratifying storage into managed and basic storage. In other cases, the organization will tender premium and touchstone levels of support. Accurately presenting the tiers of IT products and services will succor to clarify the pricing for internal and external IT customers.
To ameliorate the charging process as the organization views IT as a positive ROI or a commerce partner, the IT organization captures more accurate usage and cost information, often using automated tools that track IT resources and link them to their costs. The IT organization besides develops linkages with other ITIL processes to considers as it develops rates. For example, it effectively values services and develops pricing in concert with the IT service catalog and aligns its expenditures to the service levels outlined in the service level agreements (SLAs) developed through the service level management process. This process is discussed later in this chapter.
Many IT organizations besides expend chargeback models to price selected IT products and services, typically limited to the IT products and services provided in their IT service catalog. The cost analysis supporting the development of a chargeback model besides provides operational information that IT organizations can expend to manage their resource consumption, resulting in continuous improvement in IT operations.Improve Your Service or Chargeback Rate to ameliorate Service and Lower Costs
To ameliorate service or chargeback rate, your organization should expend only exact costs to develop its IT costing model. The IT accounting process should provide exact costs that can breathe leveraged in the IT costing model. For example, the service-specific sheets discussed in the previous section should just breathe outputs of the IT accounting process. This data provides the organization with a proper understanding of the provisioning value (or the cost) of each service. As a result, the organization can conduct service provisioning optimization activities to benchmark its costs against competitors.
As your charging and pricing process becomes more advanced, your organization's price per billable unit recovers your plenary cost and a surplus amount that is the hurdle rate, which is discussed earlier in the chapter. For example, if your hurdle, or discount rate, was 5 percent, your IT price would breathe 5 percent above the cost of your service. This pricing mode subjects your IT services to the very project standards commonly used in other financial initiatives.
To ameliorate service, an organization should link charging to the various internal contracts between the IT organization and its customers (SLAs) and internal contracts between organizational units within the IT organization (operation level agreements, OLAs) discussed in Chapter 2. This linkage helps the IT organization to clearly establish the value of its services to its customers. For example, if a customer would enjoy more backups or quicker response time than the organization typically offers, the organization may want to develop a pricing mechanism to recover these costs.Implement Automated Tools to Monitor Resources, Costs, and Utilization
To ameliorate service, the organization should besides saturate customers for usage, rather than approximate consumption. As an IT organization matures from a cost center to viewing IT as an ROI or commerce partner, the IT organization often implements an automated solution to identify and monitor IT customers' utilization. These high-performing organizations often bound toward resource-based chargeback software. There are a number of automated financial management tools. For example, device 4-6 summarizes how the IBM Tivoli IT Usage and Accounting Manager (TUAM) provides an IT organization with the capability to automatically monitor a given IT asset and refer this asset to a given commerce unit.
Figure 4-6 Automated tools can link IT resources, costs, and utilization data.
Automated tools that link the IT commerce office with the IT operational assets can breathe powerful enablers of mature IT financial management practices, providing the IT organization with resource-based charging capabilities. Automated tools provide the IT organization with the potential to know the exact costs of any IT asset, tie this cost with the IT organization's service catalog, and evaluate IT spending based on exact costs.
However, implementing these tools can breathe challenging. As with any knotty software implementation, the initial and ongoing costs can breathe substantial. Moreover, even if the IT organization implements these solutions effectively, the rigor of applying them effectively can breathe substantial. The culture of the IT organization has to remark the ongoing value of mature IT financial management practices and incorporate financial discipline into daily IT operations.
February 26, 2008 10:00 ET
Up to 100 Percent Performance Increase, Designed to Dramatically expand Efficiency for novel Enterprise Data Center
MUMBAI, INDIA, MUNICH, GERMANY, novel YORK, NY and TOKYO--(Marketwire - February 26, 2008) --- astronomical leap in capacity reduces pressure on over-taxed, out-of-power data centers -- single z10 equal to nearly 1,500 x86 servers -- Up to 85% less energy costs -- Up to 85% smaller footprint -- Consolidates x86 software licenses at up to a 30-to-1 ratio. -- Mainframe goes Quad-Core -- z10 brings discipline to data center chaos: -- Just-in-time capacity to meet ever-changing business conditions -- Automated management of system performance to favor high-value transactions
IBM (NYSE: IBM) today announced the System z10 mainframe to succor clients create a novel enterprise data center. The system z10 is designed from the ground up to succor dramatically expand data center efficiency by significantly improving performance and reducing power, cooling costs, and floor space requirements. It offers unmatched levels of security and automates the management and tracking of IT resources to respond to ever-changing commerce conditions.
In addition to the z10, IBM besides announced it has invested $300 million in architects, technical skills, as well as design and benchmarking centers to succor clients transform to a novel enterprise data center. Qualified clients can receive free assessment services to prioritize and Take action to implement a more efficient, shared and dynamic IT infrastructure.
IBM's next-generation, 64-processor mainframe, which uses Quad-Core technology, is built from the start to breathe shared, offering greater performance over virtualized x86 servers to support hundreds to hundreds of millions of users.*1
The z10 besides supports a broad scope of workloads. In addition to Linux, XML, Java, WebSphere and increased workloads from Service Oriented Architecture implementations, IBM is working with Sun Microsystems and Sine Nomine Associates to pilot the Open Solaris operating system on System z, demonstrating the openness and flexibility of the mainframe.
From a performance standpoint, the novel z10 is designed to breathe up to 50% faster and offers up to 100% performance improvement for CPU intensive jobs compared to its predecessor, the z9, with up to 70% more capacity.*2 The z10 besides is the equivalent of nearly 1,500 x86 servers, with up to an 85% smaller footprint, and up to 85% lower energy costs. The novel z10 can consolidate x86 software licenses at up to a 30-to-1 ratio.*3
Hewitt Associates, one of the world's foremost providers of human resources outsourcing and consulting services, uses z10 mainframes as a cornerstone of its operations. "We've implemented z10 systems in their parallel Sysplex environment, which is running live, mission-critical benefits applications for the world's top employers -- so availability, performance, and reliability are of utmost importance," said Sandee Kotowski, manager of mainframe infrastructure, Hewitt Associates. "The IBM mainframe has been a key partake of their IT infrastructure over the years, with limpid cost benefits, but this novel system takes that value proposition a leap ahead. The capacity and scale of this system changes the economics of the mainframe and is a significant step forward in addressing their constantly evolving technology needs."
Designed as Engine to Manage IT as a Service; Drive the novel Enterprise Data Center
Businesses are working to not only greatly reduce the inefficiency and complexity of today's data centers, but besides partake IT resources more efficiently and better align them to specific commerce objectives and ever-changing commerce conditions.
At the very time, they are grappling with how to log, track, audit, and saturate back every commerce transaction. Their halt objective is to bound beyond basic virtualization (in which different computing tasks are partitioned on a server) to an environment in which their entire IT infrastructure, including commerce applications, security, storage, processing power, etc., is provisioned on demand.
The halt result is that businesses can manage IT as a service -- using a policy-driven system that doles out, manages, and tracks arrogate IT resources where and when needed -- to create the novel enterprise data center.
The z10 is the industry's only server providing a complete scope of policy-driven functions, including:
Authorization Management to authenticate and commission who can access specific commerce services and associated IT resources. Designed with encryption algorithms, the built-in features allow for System z10 administrators to impose multiple layers of security and security clearance to allow authorized users to access sensitive information that resides on the System z. For example, an employee with entry-level clearance to search employee records for histories of volunteer drudgery for a corporate report might not breathe able to access salary, promotion, and HR information for those very employees -- based on the level of access that employee has been given as partake of the authorization management policies built into the System z.
Utilization Management to drive maximum expend of the system. Radically different from other classes of servers, the System z10 is designed to sprint at up to 100% utilization -- based on the varied demands placed on it by users.
z/OS, one of the operating systems for the z10, can manage transactions based on preset policies, adjusting on the Fly to peaks and valleys. For example, customers going to a bank fill multiple needs -- some exigency cash -- which is an instantaneous response, while other are applying for a mortgage -- which is a longer process. The mainframe and the integrated OS can breathe configured to determine which requests are mission censorious and timely and allocate utilization based on these needs.
Just-in-Time Capacity to deliver additional processing power and capacity when needed to succor businesses better manage risk (e.g. more computing power during a peak retail season). For the first time, the 64-processor z10 will automate the provisioning of processing power when needed to address changing commerce conditions. For example, financial services and retail institutions can schedule and automatically provision pre-set levels of processing power to manage spikes in demand. Equally as important, the z10 can besides automatically provision processing power when unanticipated demands hit.
z/OS anticipates when additional capacity is needed, for how long, and maps to that instantly. This is known as "Just-in-Time Deployment of Capacity Resources." The feature is built upon transaction needs and how customers prioritize them.
Virtualization Security with the U.S. government's highest level of security, Evaluation Assurance level 5 (EAL5), via z/VM. The IBM System z is the only server on the planet that has achieved this level of certification for security and partitions (through the System z9 with plans in position to apply for EAL5 for the System z10). When customers are looking to allocate additional resources in the mainframe and partition them to reclaim money and access capacity on demand, the EAL5 certification states that the virtual partitions that are opened running the specific operating systems are in effect the very as if you were running another server connected to the System z -- the physical security for the virtual partition is the highest level it can be. This enables customers to allocate resources on demand, without panic of security risk to any of the information running through the operating systems, improving performance and enabling 24/7 availability.
System z Skills Continue to Rapidly Expand around the World with IBM Academic Initiative, Tied to Mainframe's Resurgence; novel Rational Tools Drive Continued Ease of Use
Launched in 2004, the IBM Academic Initiative offers a wide scope of technology education benefits through IBM's profound technology capabilities and sustain -- from IBM supplied instruction to technology -- that can scale to meet the goals of colleges and universities around the world.
Academic Initiative: System z works with schools to enable courses, labs, senior design projects, and research in great systems thinking. IBM today announced a novel milestone as it topped the 400th University participating in the program around the world (up from 23 universities in the program in 2004). The news demonstrates the melodramatic growth of the program tied to the resurgence of the mainframe in the data center (see separate press release on today's Academic Initiative news).
In addition, as partake of IBM's $100 million Mainframe Simplification investment announced in 2006, IBM today announced novel Rational software for System z to accelerate the deployment of applications running on System z and continue to drive ease of use. For example, the novel Rational software translates COBOL applications into Web services eliminating the exigency for novel developers to learn the COBOL programming language. (see separate press release on today's Rational software news).
Also as partake of IBM's Mainframe Simplification investment, IBM today announced a novel set of software that automates the management of knotty IT disciplines (such as storage, databases and novel software deployments) and delivers a single, integrated view of the repercussion on censorious applications hosted on customers' mainframes. The IBM Tivoli Service Management center for System z shows the linkages between IT assets and commerce applications and enables enterprises to monitor the overall service delivery from IT in support of specific commerce objectives in finance, security and customer satisfaction, among others. (see separate press release on today's Tivoli software news).
New Information on exact Software for System z
IBM today is announcing novel Information on exact software for System z, including Cognos 8 commerce Intelligence (BI) for System z. IBM Cognos 8 BI for System z combines the proven reporting and analysis capabilities of IBM Cognos 8 BI with the power and reliability of System z, enabling customers to expend their data for competitive advantage, ameliorate decision-making and optimize their commerce performance. IBM is besides announcing a Cognos 8 BI for Linux on System z customer beta program. IBM Cognos 8 BI for Linux on System z will breathe available in the second half of 2008.
IBM's Information on exact strategy is helping customers gain access to the right information they need, when they exigency it, along with key commerce insights needed to address and respond to changing market demands. By deploying Cognos 8 BI for Linux on System z, customers will breathe able to easily report and anatomize hundred of millions of transactions directly on the mainframe -- ensuring everyone across the organization can quickly identify and respond to censorious commerce trends.
IBM is besides announcing the immediate availability of DB2 for z/OS Value Unit Edition, which provides a novel one-time-charge offering that enables the deployment of novel application workloads. This offering strengthens the role of System z as a cornerstone for key commerce initiatives such as SOA, Data Warehousing, commerce Intelligence and packaged applications such as SAP. DB2 for z/OS Value Unit Edition and IBM Information Server enable System z clients to further deliver trusted information for their dynamic warehousing requirements.
In addition, IBM will bring novel Master Data Management capabilities to System z in the second half of this year. This will include the InfoSphere Master Data Management Server for Linux on System z, which allows businesses to centrally manage customer, product, and account data for expend across an enterprise.
Customers can contact their IBM or Cognos Sales Representative to gain more information about participating in the Cognos 8 BI for System z beta program.
New Attached Storage Offerings succor Optimize Mainframe Environments for Managing Information
Transactions, information, and data are growing by leaps and bounds, creating challenges for storing and accessing information efficiently. Today, IBM is introduced enhanced storage capabilities for mainframe environments that succor optimize information availability, mitigate information risks and maximize information storage capacity for very great amounts of data.
Enterprise Disk Storage: Delivering the industry's leading mainframe storage solution, IBM is announcing an enhanced version of its enterprise disk storage solution -- DS8000 R3.1 -- with novel calamity recovery and commerce continuity features that optimize the power of the mainframe. Working in concert with the IBM z/OS 1.10 operating environment, customers can now manage up to four times more information in their mainframe environments than with any other storage system.
Enterprise Tape Virtualization: edifice on almost 40 years of virtualization expertise, IBM besides enhanced the IBM System Storage TS7700 Virtual Tape solution for mainframe environments, delivering improved information retention, archiving and security capabilities through exploitation of IBM's TS1120 tape encryption solution.
IGF Financing for the z10
IBM Global Financing (IGF), the leasing and lending commerce segment of IBM can tender financing terms and conditions that in many cases, can accomplish it possible for qualified clients with existing IGF z9 leases to acquire the novel IBM System z10 and its increased computing power at a lower monthly payment than they currently accomplish today. For more information visit www.ibm.com/financing.
New services for System z and the novel Enterprise Data Center
IBM besides introduced several novel services today which complement its existing power in aligning data center transformation strategies and design with implementation and ongoing management. IBM IT Transformation & Optimization Consulting Services, a strategy and planning consulting service, provides a pragmatic approach to helping clients by edifice an overall commerce case for demonstrating the commerce value and revert on investment of their IT infrastructure. IBM Implementation Services for Parallel Sysplex Middleware leverage the System z as a consolidation point for data to succor clients bound to a centralized DB2 data sharing environment while protecting data integrity. IBM Implementation Services for Geographically Dispersed Parallel Sysplex (GDPS) enables a unique integrated and automated end-to-end recovery solution across System z and other platforms.
For additional information gratify visit www.ibm.com/datacenter.
Note to Editors: Images and broadcast-quality b-roll are available for download by registered journalists at www.thenewsmarket.com/ibm
Note to Bloggers: Images and video are available for download by registered bloggers at www.thenewsmarket.com/videocafe
*1 Source: IBM Bank of China System z Benchmark: http://www-03.ibm.com/press/us/en/pressrelease/21044.wss
*2 Source: LSPR (Large Systems Performance Reference) mixed workload mediocre running z/0S 1.8 - z10 EC 701 versus z9 EC 701. This is a comparison of the z10 EC 64-way and the z9 EC S54 and is based on LSPR mixed workload mediocre running z/0s 1.8
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