C2040-405 exam Dumps Source : IBM Notes and Domino 9.0 companionable Edition System Administration Update
Test Code : C2040-405
Test appellation : IBM Notes and Domino 9.0 companionable Edition System Administration Update
Vendor appellation : IBM
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IBM got Lotus utility again in 1995 for $three.5 billion. it's now divesting the technology, along with six other one-time cornerstone commercial enterprise functions.
There changed into a time when Lotus Notes and Domino had been the cornerstones of IBM's utility portfolio, enabling commercial enterprise collaboration and productiveness. those days at the moment are in the past, as IBM is divesting these property, together with a few other applications, to HCL applied sciences.
HCL technologies pays IBM $1.eight billion, with the deal anticipated to immediate in mid-2019. apart from Notes and Domino, HCL is acquiring several other enterprise purposes, together with: Appscan for relaxed utility development, BigFix for comfy device management, Unica (on-premises) for marketing automation, Commerce (on-premises) for omni-channel eCommerce, Portal (on-premises) for digital experience, and Connections for workstream collaboration.
"We believe the time is arrogate to divest these choose collaboration, advertising and commerce utility assets, which might breathe increasingly delivered as standalone items," John Kelly, IBM senior vice president, Cognitive options and analysis, wrote in a media advisory. " at the identical time, they consider these items are a powerful strategic suitable for HCL, and that HCL is well positioned to power innovation and expand for their consumers."
IBM has increasingly been entering into cloud and synthetic intelligence over the final 4 years, and has built up different belongings that it's going to focal point on.purposes
many of the purposes being bought to HCL possess been at first received by using IBM from other companies.
IBM acquired Lotus utility, maker of Notes and Domino, in 1995 for $3.5 billion, though the Lotus company wasn't dropped through IBM unless 2012.
AppScan which is now being offered to HCL, become once the cornerstone of the IBM Rational software portfolio. IBM received the AppScan product portfolio as a fraction of the acquisition of protection supplier Watchfire in June 2007.
BigFix became got through IBM to circle into fraction of its Tivoli operations division in July 2010, while Unica became obtained by IBM in August 2010 for $480 million.HCL applied sciences
HCL applied sciences is based in Noida, India, and positions itself as a digital transformation enterprise. HCL and IBM had already been partnering on many of the acquired utility assets.
"We continue to perceive exceptional alternatives out there to enhance their Mode-3 (items and platforms) offerings," C Vijayakumar, President & CEO, HCL technologies, wrote in a media advisory. "The items that we're acquiring are in colossal growing to breathe market areas fancy security, advertising and marketing and Commerce, which are strategic segments for HCL. many of these items are well viewed via valued clientele and located in the proper quadrant via business analysts."
Sean Michael Kerner is a senior editor at EnterpriseAppsToday and InternetNews.com. ensue him on Twitter @TechJournalist.
IBM introduced ultimate night that it is promoting the closing components from its 1995 acquisition of Lotus to Indian company HCL for $1.8 billion.
IBM paid $3.5 billion for Lotus returned in the day. The massive pieces here are Lotus Notes, Domino and Portal. These were a broad a fraction of IBM’s enterprise company for a very long time, however remaining 12 months broad Blue begun to draw back, selling the pile half to HCL, while maintaining control of sales and advertising.
This announcement marks the immediate of the line for IBM involvement. With the pile of the platform out of its manage, and in want of money after spending $34 billion for red Hat, most likely IBM comfortably determined it not made sense to retain any fraction of this in-apartment.
As for HCL, it sees a chance to proceed to build the Notes/Domino business, and it’s seizing it with this purchase. “The gigantic-scale deployments of these items deliver us with a pretty respectable chance to attain and serve hundreds of world businesses throughout a wide array of industries and markets,” C Vijayakumar, president and CEO at HCL applied sciences, mentioned in a press release asserting the deal.
Alan Lepofsky, an analyst at Constellation analysis who maintains immediate watch on the commercial enterprise collaboration area, says the sale could signify a spotless delivery for utility that IBM hasn’t in fact been paying shut consideration to for some time. “HCL is artery more drawn to Notes/Domino than IBM has been for a decade. they are investing closely, attempting to rejuvenate the manufacturer,” Lepofsky instructed TechCrunch.
while this utility may furthermore suppose lengthy in the tooth, Notes and Domino are silent in consume in lots of corners of the enterprise, and here's very heartfelt in EMEA (Europe, core East and Africa) and AP (Asia Pacific), Lepofsky said.
He added that IBM appears to breathe absolutely exiting the collaboration region with this sale. “It seems that IBM is executed with collaboration, out of the online game,” he observed.
This circulation makes feel for IBM, which is poignant in a several path as it develops its cloud enterprise. The red Hat acquisition in October, in specific, indicates that the enterprise wants to include inner most and hybrid cloud deployments, and older application fancy Lotus Notes and Domino don’t really play a role in that world.
The deal, which is subject to regulatory approval procedures, is expected to shut in the center of subsequent year.
may additionally 18, 2005 14:36 ET
option of platforms, protection and tailored options for the petite and Medium company Market befriend drive Success of Lotus Notes and Domino Platform
SOMERS, broad apple -- (MARKET WIRE) -- may furthermore 18, 2005 -- constructing on a present IBM Lotus Notes and Domino customer groundwork of over 118 million users, IBM has won momentum within the messaging and collaboration market with customer wins in plenty of industries and across sum geographies, together with wins at Aleris foreign, Miller Thomson LLP and the Jacksonville Airport Authority in Jacksonville, Florida.
support for open necessities, a extreme degree of security, and reduce fees of possession had been key elements within the endured success of the Lotus and Domino platform, which is evidenced by using double-digit boom in the first quarter of this yr for IBM's messaging and collaboration items.
"Messaging and collaboration utility has moved into the 'mission essential' category for a lot of corporations and IBM's Lotus Notes and Domino products can uniquely handle the challenge of featuring a secure, comparatively cheap and versatile collaboration ambiance," referred to Ambuj Goyal run-of-the-mill manager of workplace, Portal and Collaboration utility, IBM. "The double-digit boom they experienced in the fourth quarter of 2004 continued into 1Q 2005 with eleven% expand for Lotus utility and 17% boom for Lotus messaging and collaboration products, and they feel their lengthy-time era roadmap for the platform will proceed to entice current consumers looking for completive advantage via collaboration."
corporations leveraging Lotus Notes and Domino for their messaging needs latitude from one of the most greatest organizations in the world to purchasers from the small- to medium-sized business (SMB) market. the following represent a sample of the lots of customers from a large altenative of industries which are leveraging the potent capabilities of the Notes and Domino expertise to tackle complicated collaboration issues:-- Aleris foreign, Inc. Ohio-primarily based Aleris international resulted from the merger of Commonwealth Industries, Inc. and IMCO Recycling Inc. This strategic combination created a vertically built-in aluminum recycler and common-alloy sheet company. The capabilities of Lotus Notes and Domino befriend streamline communication and collaboration among 3,200 personnel. -- Miller Thomson LLP. Miller Thomson LLP is one in every of Canada's greatest full- provider national legislation organizations, with greater than 500 professionals working from Toronto, Vancouver, Whitehorse, Calgary, Edmonton, Waterloo-Wellington, Markham and Montréal. The company is leveraging IBM Lotus Notes in a Notes- primarily based skills sharing system to organize the firm's facts, so as to help expand customer provider while saving time and funds. -- Jacksonville Airport Authority (Florida). Jacksonville Airport Authority owns and manages the Jacksonville Airport device, which is a different airport gadget that serves the business, company and leisure aviation needs of the metropolis of Jacksonville, Northeast Florida and Southeast Georgia (the community). IBM's Lotus Notes is used to address the broad collaboration and messaging needs of the Jacksonville Airport programs, which comprises 4 divide airports unfold throughout Jacksonville and surrounding communities. About IBM
IBM is the area's largest counsel know-how business, with eighty years of leadership in helping businesses innovate. IBM utility presents a broad range of middleware and operating methods for sum types of computing structures, allowing purchasers to acquire replete talents of the on exact period. The fastest solution to accept more advice about IBM software is throughout the IBM software domestic page at http://www.application.ibm.com.
IBM, Lotus, Notes and Domino are trademarks of IBM service provider in the u.s., other international locations, or both. Linux is a trademark of Linus Torvalds in the united states, different nations, or each. sum different enterprise product or service names may breathe emblems or provider marks of others.
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Before delving into the inner workings of the OSGi console, it is best to briefly define OSGi. OSGi stands for Open Services Gateway initiative framework. This framework allows software to breathe written and executed as independent components. In OSGi-speak, these components are referred to as bundles. OSGi is used in a wide range of applications, from client programs such as Eclipse and IBM Lotus Notes, to mobile phones, to server applications such as IBM Lotus Domino. As a result of their modular nature, OSGi bundles can breathe started, stopped, and debugged on an individual basis, without the exigency for stopping or restarting the entire platform. Both the Domino server and the Notes client consume Eclipse’s implementation of OSGi (Equinox) as their OSGi runtime platform.
OSGi was added to the Domino platform in release 8.5.2. As a result, in Domino 8.5.2, the XPages runtime was repackaged to rush as OSGi bundles (instead of just a regular collection of Java JARS), furthermore referred to as Eclipse plug-ins.
The OSGi console allows for the input of commands that the OSGi platform then performs. The platform posts the results of such commands back to the console. The OSGi platform itself has a entire host of commands that can simplify the troubleshooting of problems. The OSGi console can assist developers in developing XPages controls and applications, as well as assisting champion personnel in diagnosing runtime issues. Developers who extend the XPages runtime by creating libraries will find the OSGi console commands to breathe a particularly powerful tool in analyzing problems. The OSGi console is of particular consume when the developer/administrator needs to know whether individual plug-ins (or sets of plug-ins) are loading correctly or which version of a plug-in is in use.
As mentioned earlier, OSGi is embedded within both the Notes client and the Domino server. Depending on where your XPages application is running (whether on the client or the server), your way of accessing the OSGi console will vary. They start by explaining how to access the OSGi console on the Domino server.
OSGi is embedded within the HTTP task on the Domino server, as a result, the OSGi console is started automatically whenever the HTTP task is started. OSGi console commands are routed to the OSGi console via the HTTP task. That is, when entering an OSGi console command on the Domino server, the user must expose the HTTP task to route the specified command to the OSGi console—for example:tell http osgi <<command>>
Here, <<command>> is the appellation of the OSGi console command. Any OSGi command can breathe executed using the preceding syntax.
When it comes to OSGi commands, every developer and administrator should know several rudimentary commands. These commands can breathe your “go to” commands when problems arise—say, when you suspect bundle loading might breathe a factor. Even when you accomplish not believe that bundle loading is the problem, it is often best to first substantiate that the bundle is actually loaded before proceeding with other debugging techniques.
Table 3.2 lists some of the more commonly used OSGi commands that are available to consume for diagnosing plug-in issues on the Domino server (and furthermore the Notes client). In Table 3.2, bundle-symbolic-name is referenced extensively. This is the appellation by which the OSGi platform references bundles. bundle-symbolic-name correlates directly to the Bundle-SymbolicName manifest header, often referred to as the plug-in name.Table 3.2. OSGi Console Commands
tell http osgi diag <bundle-symbolic-name>
Diagnoses the status of the bundle whose appellation is provided. Determines whether the bundle is resolved and, if not, states why the bundle is not resolved.
tell http osgi ss <bundle-symbolic-name>
Lists the status of sum bundles in the system. Optionally, a symbolic appellation or a symbolic appellation prefix can breathe provided to obtain the status of a particular bundle or a subset of bundles.
tell http osgi start <bundle-symbolic-name>
Starts the bundle with the specified symbolic name.
tell http osgi quit <bundle-symbolic-name>
Stops the bundle with the specified symbolic name.
tell http osgi b <bundle-symbolic-name>
Prints metadata relating to the specified bundle.
tell http osgi headers <bundle-symbolic-name>
Lists the OSGi headers for the specified bundle.
tell http osgi help
Lists sum the OSGi command available on the server, along with some text describing each command.
All the commands listed in Table 3.2 can breathe entered via the Domino server console, with the results of such commands being printed back to the console, as illustrated in device 3.4.
Figure 3.4. Running an OSGi command on the Domino Server Console
All the commands referenced in Table 3.2 can alternatively acquire the bundle id as a parameter (instead of the bundle-symbolic-name). The bundle id is a numeric ID that the OSGi runtime assigns to the bundle during platform initialization. The ID might vary from instance to instance of the platform, but users might find it easier to input than having to enter the entire bundle symbolic name. Examples of how to determine and consume the bundle id are given later in this chapter.
Rarely does a separate OSGi console command respond sum the questions on why a plug-in is not loading or operating as expected. The following sections define in greater detail how you can consume each of these commands and the results you can anticipate to perceive from executing such commands.diag <bundle-symbolic-name>
This is one of the most valuable commands in your arsenal and will likely breathe the one you’ll consume most frequently when diagnosing issues. You can consume this command to determine whether a bundle is resolved within the OSGi platform. The status returned by this command will breathe one of the following:
If No unresolved constraints is the returned status, it suggests that the system has recognized the bundle and that sum dependencies of the bundle are satisfied. When an Unresolved constraint status is returned, it suggests that one or more bundles or packages that the bundle requires are missing or cannot breathe loaded. It is worth noting here that a bundle might silent fail to start even though the OSGi console reports that the bundle has been resolved. If a bundle fails to start and is resolved, some code in the bundle’s activator likely is failing (throwing an exception).
Sample usage:tell http osgi diag com.ibm.xsp.core
Listing 3.8 shows the typical output of running the diag command against the com.ibm.xsp.core plug-in.Listing 3.8. Result of Running the diag Command Against a Specific Bundle—Successful Case > expose http osgi diag com.ibm.xsp.core 10/17/2011 09:43:14 PM initial@reference:file:../../shared/eclipse/plugins/com.ibm.xsp. core_18.104.22.16810629-1645/ 10/17/2011 09:43:14 PM No unresolved constraints.
In this case, the diag command reports that there were No unresolved constraints against the entered bundle symbolic name—in other words, the system recognizes the given bundle. Upon closer examination, the user can obtain further information about the bundle in question. It can determine where the bundle being used by the platform is installed, and the platform-assigned bundle id can furthermore breathe obtained.
From reading the console output, the user can perceive that the bundle is installed to ../../shared/eclipse/plugins/com.ibm.xsp.core_22.214.171.12410629-1645. The location specified is relative to the osgi/rcp/eclipse directory, which is a child of the Domino program directory. In this case, the console output indicates that the plug-in is installed at: <domino program directory>/osgi/shared/eclipse/plugins.
Finally, the output states the platform-assigned bundle id for the specified bundle. 119 is the id assigned to this bundle in this example. As stated previously, the OSGi commands listed here can consume the bundle id interchangeably. In this example, executing the following command has identical output to that in Listing 3.8.
Sample usage:tell http osgi diag 119
Listing 3.9 shows sample output of running the diag command in an unsuccessful scenario.Listing 3.9. Result of Running the diag Command Against a Specific Bundle—Error Case > expose http osgi diag com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt 09/09/2011 04:05:51 PM update@../../../data/domino/workspace/applications/eclipse/plugins/com. ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt_126.96.36.199108111413.jar  09/09/2011 04:05:51 PM Direct constraints which are unresolved: 09/09/2011 04:05:51 PM Missing host com.ibm.xsp.extlib_0.0.0.
In Listing 3.9, you can perceive that the OSGi platform reports that the bundle in question is not resolved as a result of a missing dependency. They can perceive from the console output that the OSGi platform has actually create the bundle that they are looking for (com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt), but as one of the bundles that com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt depends on is not resolved, the com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt bundle does not accept resolved itself. Looking a microscopic more closely at the console output, they can determine the following:
The bundle com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt is installed at ../../../data/domino/workspace/applications/eclipse/plugins/com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt_188.8.131.52108111413.jar. They now know that this path is relative to the <domino program directory>/osgi/rcp/eclipse directory. Hence, they can deduce that com.ibm.extlib.sbt is installed at the <domino program directory>/data/domino/workspace/applications/eclipse/plugins/ directory.
The OSGi platform–assigned bundle id for this bundle is 116.
One other tidbit of information can breathe extracted from the console output, in this case. The final line of the output tells us that the host is missing:Missing host com.ibm.xsp.extlib_0.0.0
This tells us that the bundle they are looking for (com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt) is, in fact, a plug-in fragment, and the unresolved constraint (com.ibm.xsp.extlib) is the host plug-in.ss, ss <bundle-symbolic-name>, or ss <bundle-name-prefix>
Similar to the diag command, this command quickly determines the status of a particular bundle—or sum the bundles installed in the platform. Users can optionally specify a bundle appellation or a bundle appellation prefix to accept the status of specific bundles. The returned status shows the bundle id, state, and bundle appellation of sum bundles. In many situations, this command is just as useful as the diag command because it furthermore reports the status of a bundle. This command does not expose the user why a particular bundle is not loading, but it does expose the user the state of a bundle.
Sample usage:tell http osgi ss
Listing 3.10 shows the result of running the ss command without any parameters.Listing 3.10. Result of Running the ss Command Without Any Bundle appellation Parameter > expose http osgi ss 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM Framework is launched. 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM id state Bundle 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM 0 dynamic org.eclipse. osgi_3.4.3.R34x_v20081215-1030-RCP20110624-1648 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM Fragments=57, 76, 88, 89, 235 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM 1 RESOLVED org.eclipse.equinox. event_1.1.0.v20080225 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM Fragments=32 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM 2 RESOLVED com.ibm.pvc.jndi.provider. java.nl_184.108.40.20610625-0109 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM Master=71 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM 3 RESOLVED com.ibm.eclipse.equinox. preferences.nl_220.127.116.1110624-1648 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM Master=85 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM 4 <<LAZY>> com.ibm.icu. base_3.8.1.v20080530 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM 5 RESOLVED com.ibm.pvc.servlet. jsp_18.104.22.16810625-0109 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM 6 RESOLVED org.apache.commons. logging_22.214.171.12410625-0109
Listing 3.10 lists a subset of the information that displays when this command is rush in a run-of-the-mill server environment. However, the listing does demonstrate sum the information needed to understand the output of the command.
The command outputs several notable pieces of information about each bundle:
Sample usage:tell http osgi ss com.ibm.xsp.extlib
Listing 3.11 shows the result of running the ss command with a bundle prefix specified.Listing 3.11. Result of Running the ss Command, Specifying a Bundle Prefix > expose http osgi ss com.ibm.xsp.extlib 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM Framework is launched. 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM id state Bundle 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM 108 RESOLVED com.ibm.xsp.extlib. conns_126.96.36.19910724 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM Master=117 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM 109 RESOLVED com.ibm.xsp.extlib. domino_188.8.131.52107241628 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM Master=117 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM 112 RESOLVED com.ibm.xsp.extlib. oneui_184.108.40.206107241628 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM Master=117 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM 115 RESOLVED com.ibm.xsp.extlib. stime_220.127.116.11107241628 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM Master=117 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM 117 dynamic com.ibm.xsp. extlib_18.104.22.168107241628
Similar to Listing 3.10, Listing 3.11 shows the results of executing the ss command, only this time the command is passed a bundle symbolic appellation as a parameter. The ss command finds sum bundles on the system that either start with the parameter or possess a bundle symbolic appellation that is the selfsame as the parameter. Listing 3.11 lists sum the bundles, along with their bundle id and state.
Table 3.3 lists sum the practicable states of an OSGi bundle.Table 3.3. OSGi Bundle States
The bundle is uninstalled and is unusable.
The bundle has been installed, but the platform has not yet resolved it.
The bundle has been resolved and is in a position to breathe started.Note that it is silent practicable for the bundle to fail to start, even though it has been resolved by the environment.
Similar to RESOLVED, the platform has resolved the bundle and is in a position to breathe started. The bundle is not yet dynamic because it has been configured (via its bundle manifest) to breathe initialized lazily–that is, only when another dynamic bundle references the bundle will it breathe activated.
The bundle is in the process of starting. Either another bundle has specifically caused the bundle to start (by referring to a class within the bundle) or the user has manually started the bundle via the console. Rarely is a bundle in this state because it is transient.
The bundle is in the process of shutting down. Similar to STARTING, a bundle rarely is in this state.
The bundle is running within the OSGi platform.
Developers and administrators should breathe cognizant that, on the Domino server, the state of a bundle is not persisted from one session to the next—that is, after the HTTP task is restarted, any bundles that were started manually in the previous session must breathe started again. Luckily, the ss command has an dispute for filtering sum bundles in a given state. The ss command can filter the bundles based on their state, by appending -s [state] to the command syntax.
Sample usage:tell http osgi ss -s active
Figure 3.5 shows the output of running the ss command with the -s dynamic argument.
Figure 3.5. Result of running the ss command in the Domino server consolestart <bundle-symbolic-name>
This command requests that the platform manually start the specified bundle. Calling this command does not guarantee that the specified bundle will breathe started. An exception can silent occur during bundle initialization that would occasions the bundle initialization to fail. Performing an ss command after the start command reports the status of the bundle. This command is helpful when a current bundle has been installed on the server, but the administrator or developer is not in a position to restart the HTTP task to start the current bundle.
Sample usage:tell http osgi start com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt
Figure 3.6 shows that, by running a combination of the ss and start commands, a bundle can breathe started and its state can breathe verified.
Figure 3.6. Result of running the start and ss commands in the consolestop <bundle-symbolic-name>
This command tells the platform to quit the specified bundle. Users should breathe watchful when calling this on a production environment. In some cases, it might not breathe practicable for the platform to quit the bundle. If this is the case, the reason will breathe printed to the console.
Sample usage:tell http osgi quit com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt
Figure 3.7 shows how running a combination of the ss and quit command stops a bundle and verifies its state.
Figure 3.7. Result of running the start and ss commands in the consoleb <bundle-symbolic-name>
This command prints sum metadata relating to the specified bundle. The metadata includes imported packages, required bundles, exported packages, bundle location, and so on. This command is useful when the developer needs to quickly verify that the bundle loaded by the platform has the meta information that the developer believes it has.
Sample usage:tell http osgi b com.ibm.xsp.extlib
Listing 3.12 shows a subset of the output from running the b command against a specified bundle.Listing 3.12. Sample Result of Running the b Command Against a Specified Bundle tell http osgi b com.ibm.xsp.extlib 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM update@../../../data/domino/workspace/applications/eclipse/plugins/com. ibm.xsp.extlib_22.214.171.124107241628NTF.jar  09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM Id=117, Status=<<LAZY>> Data Root=C:Program Files\IBM\Lotus\Domino\data\domino\workspace\.config org.eclipse.osgi\bundles\117\data 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM No registered services. 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM No services in use. 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM Exported packages 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM com.ibm.xsp.extlib.actions.client; version="0.0.0"[exported] 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM com.ibm.xsp.extlib.actions.client.data; version="0.0.0"[exported] 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM com.ibm.xsp.extlib.actions.client.dojo; version="0.0.0"[exported] 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM com.ibm.xsp.extlib.actions.client.dojo.fx; version="0.0.0"[exported] 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM com.ibm.xsp.extlib.actions.server; version="0.0.0"[exported] headers <bundle-symbolic-name>
This command causes the OSGi header information for the specified bundle to breathe printed to the console. This command is convenient for checking information such as the packages that a specific bundle exports or the bundles that the specified bundle depends upon. sum the information stored in the bundle’s manifest.mf file is printed to the console.
Sample usage:tell http osgi headers com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt
Listing 3.13 shows the result of running the headers command on the Domino server console.Listing 3.13. Sample Result of Running the headers Command with a Specified Bundle Name tell http osgi headers com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Bundle headers: 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Bundle-ClassPath = .,lib/httpclient- 4.0.1.jar,lib/httpcore-4.0.1.jar,lib/commons-codec-1.3.jar,lib/ oauth-20100527.jar,lib/ oauth-consumer- 20090617.jar,lib/oauth-consumer-20100527.jar,lib/oauth-httpclient4- 20090913.jar,lib/oauth-provider-20100527.jar 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Bundle-ManifestVersion = 2 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Bundle-Name = IBM companionable business Toolkit 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Bundle-SymbolicName = com.ibm.xsp.extlib. sbt;singleton:=true 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Bundle-Vendor = IBM 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Bundle-Version = 126.96.36.199108111413 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Export-Package = com.ibm.xsp.extlib.fragment,com.ibm.xsp.extlib.model,com.ibm.xsp.extlib. resources,com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt.activitystreams,com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt. activitystreams.entry,com.ibm.xsp. extlib.sbt.activitystreams.queue,com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt.connections,com. ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt.connections.meta,com.ibm.xsp.extlib.security. authorization,com.ibm.xsp.extlib.security .authorization.beans,com.ibm.xsp.extlib.security.oauth_10a,com.ibm.xsp. extlib.security.oauth_10a.servlet 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Fragment-Host = com.ibm.xsp.extlib 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Manifest-Version = 1.0
Listing 3.13 lists many different OSGi headers. You can find a replete list of OSGi headers and their descriptions in the official OSGi specification: www.osgi.org/download/r4v43/r4.core.pdf.help
This command tells the OSGi platform to print sum commands that it supports, along with a short description of each command.
Sample usage:tell http osgi help
Figure 3.8 shows the sample output from running the befriend OSGi command on the Domino server console.
Figure 3.8. Result of running the befriend command in the console
What's on the Horizon for MOM and SMS
MOM 2004 -- a major overhaul furthermore rolled out at the Management climax -- will meet one broad item on administrators' wish lists by "cutting deployment time from days to hours," Emanuel reports. Other current features to watch for include a current operator console -- with built-in alert views, topology views, and "context-sensitive diagnostics" -- plus a current set of knowledge-based management packs.
Microsoft has actually already taken the first step toward a self-healing approach with the release of next-generation MOM XMPs (extended systems management) packs for Microsoft Exchange, BizTalk Server, and dynamic Directory, reports Emanuel.
As previously reported on CrossNodes, some of Microsoft's applications groups -- including Exchange, BizTalk, and dynamic Directory -- possess worked closely with the MOM product group, lending their erudition of particular applications to befriend determine which events should breathe exposed for MOM monitoring.
Microsoft's partners are furthermore at toil on tools to supplement the existing MOM and SMS environments. AmberPoint has just integrated its management environment -- already available for J2EE -- with MOM for crossplatform administration, says Ed Horst, AmberPoint's VP of marketing.
BigFix already makes automated patch management tools for Windows; however, a current product release slated for April will add a number of current features, including "much enhanced scalability" and more finegrained administrative rights.
"Also, we've actually fixed a lot of the problems with SMS," according to Larsen. The current release from BigFix will check to find out not just whether remote control software is installed, but whether or not it's running.
Is Microsoft's Approach Really That Unique?
Other systems makers -- including IBM, HP, and Sun -- possess sum been promoting their own visions of the "self-healing" OS. Is Microsoft's concept really sum that unique?
Emanuel maintains that there are many practicable pivot points for systems management. "We are making the application the point at which you pivot -- as opposed to a management company, for example, which would Make the management system the point at which you pivot," he elaborates.
"When DMI reaches replete fruition, the XML schema will richly relate the application. It will contain the replete step-by-step instructions for the services needed by the application. This is innovative."
Essentially, the application will live in a "cloud" of services. "We've been asking, 'What accomplish I exigency to accomplish to the underlying application to Make it a dynamic system?'" If DMI goes as planned, applications written with Visual Basic will eventually breathe able to expose the "cloud" how many Web farms or database servers are required, for instance. ADS will then automatically bring up and configure the needed servers, while WSMR and the virtual server will automatically reconfigure and reallocate system resources.
DMI furthermore represents an attempt by Microsoft to swagger beyond "Windows-centric" management, contends Emanuel.
Industry Reaction Mixed
So far, though, industry reaction to Microsoft's procedure is quite mixed. IBM's Brill, for example, disparages the emerging Windows 2003/Greenwich/Exchange Server 2003 environment as "the first release of a second-generation product."
"We've tried to focus Notes/Domino on messaging management," Brill adds. Instead, Microsoft is providing 'some sort of hybrid systems administration/messaging director' environment, or something."
"Microsoft and IBM are deathly enemies in some areas, but they look to possess figured out how to toil together in others," notes AmberPoint's Horst.
Winning Over the Naysayers?
As Chillarege sees it, to win over the naysayers, Microsoft needs to add more stability to the Windows product, while at the selfsame time continuing to push forward with innovative features.
In the next edition of this series, we'll drill down into Microsoft's chances for gaining more traction in enterprise administration.
» perceive sum Articles by Columnist Jacqueline Emigh
A group of U.S. intelligence veterans urges President Trump to quit his administration’s deceptive claims about Iran being the leading state sponsor of terrorism when U.S. allies, such as Saudi Arabia, are clearly much guiltier.
MEMORANDUM FOR: The President
FROM: Veteran Intelligence Professionals for Sanity
SUBJECT: Is Iran the “World’s Leading Sponsor of Terrorism?”
We are concerned by recent strident and stark public statements from key members of your Administration that paint Iran in very alarmist terms. The tolerable American, without the benefit of history, could easily breathe persuaded that Iran poses an imminent threat and that there is no alternative for us but military conflict.
We find this uncomfortably chummy territory. Ten years ago former President George W. Bush was contemplating a war with Iran when, in November of 2007, intelligence analysts issued a formal National Intelligence appraise (NIE) debunking the rife conventional wisdom; namely, that Iran was on the verge of getting a nuclear weapon. The NIE concluded that Iran had stopped working on a nuclear weapon in 2003.
Recalling this moment in his memoir, determination Points, President Bush eminent that the NIE’s “eye-popping” intelligence findings stayed his hand. He added this rhetorical question: “How could I possibly define using the military to demolish the nuclear facilities of a country the intelligence community said had no dynamic nuclear weapons program?”
We believe that you are facing a similar situation today. But instead of an inaccurate pretension that Iran has nuclear weapons, the current canard to warrant war with Iran is the pretension that Iran remains the “world’s leading state sponsor of terrorism.” This is incorrect, as they define below.
* * *
One of the recurring broad bipartisan lies being pushed on the public with the enthusiastic befriend of a largely pliant media is that Iran is the prime sponsor of terrorism in the world today.
In the recent presentation of your administration’s National Security Strategy for 2018, the point is made that:
“Iran, the world’s leading state sponsor of terrorism, has taken advantage of instability to expand its influence through partners and proxies, weapon proliferation, and funding. . . . Iran continues to perpetuate the cycle of violence in the region, causing grievous harm to civilian populations.”
Those sentiments are echoed by several other countries of the Middle East. Saudi Arabia’s foreign Minister, Adel al-Jubeir, for example, declared in October 2015 that: Iran “is the biggest sponsor of terrorism in the world, and it is working on destabilizing the region.”
The Saudi foreign minister conveniently declined to mention that 15 of the 19 terrorists who hijacked planes and attacked America on 11 September 2001 were Saudis, not Iranians. And, while Iran was an dynamic promoter of terrorism two decades ago, it is no longer in the forefront of global terrorism. Ironically, that dubious distinction now goes to Iran’s accusers — first and foremost, Saudi Arabia.
The depiction of Iran as “the world’s leading state sponsor of terrorism” is not supported by the facts. While Iran is guilty of having used terrorism as a national policy tool, the Iran of 2017 is not the Iran of 1981. In the early days of the Islamic Republic, Iranian operatives routinely carried out car bombings, kidnappings and assassinations of dissidents and of American citizens. That has not been the case for many years. Despite frequent claims by U.S. officials that Iran is engaged in terrorism, they simply note that the incidents recorded annually in the U.S. Department of State’s Patterns of Global Terrorism rarely identifies a terrorist incident as an act by or on behalf of Iran.
Iran’s relationship with Hezbollah furthermore has evolved radically. In the early years of the Islamic Republic, Hezbollah was often a proxy and sub-contractor for Iran. But during the final 20 years Hezbollah has become an entity and political coerce in its own right. It fought Israel to a standstill in 2006 in southern Lebanon, which was a watershed moment in establishing Hezbollah’s transformation into a conventional army. In the intervening years, Hezbollah, which is now fraction of the Lebanese government, furthermore has turned away from the radical, religious driven violence that is the hallmark of the Sunni extremists, fancy ISIS.
Iran’s Asymmetrical Response
After Iran fell under the rule of the Ayatollah in 1979 terrorism, its role in elevated profile terrorist attacks, such as the taking of U.S. hostages and the bombings of the U.S. Embassy and the Marine barracks in Lebanon, fed understandable U.S. animosity towards Iran. But Iran’s actions were not driven primarily by blind hatred or radical religious views. For Iran terrorism was a artery to punch back against more powerful foes, principally the United States, which was providing military and intelligence champion to Iran’s neighbor and enemy, Iraq.
The Iranians were furthermore pragmatic and had direct dealings with Israel. During the early days of the Iranian revolution the Mullahs, despite publicly denouncing Israel, happily accepted secret military champion from the Israelis. Israel was equally pragmatic. The Israeli leaders ignored the Mullahs and gave the champion as a means of helping counter the threat posed by Iraqi President Saddam Hussein. A classic case of the enemy of my enemy is my friend.
The public image of Iran as a hotbed of fanatical terrorists has been usurped since the August 1998 bombings of the U.S. Embassies in east Africa by Al Qaeda and other radical Sunni entities. The U.S. Government’s own list of terrorist attacks since 2001 shows a stagy drop in the violence carried out by Iran and an accompanying surge in horrific acts by radical Sunni Muslims who are not aligned with Iran. The latest edition of the Global Terrorism Index, a project of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, shows that four groups accounted for 74 percent of sum fatalities from terrorism in 2015 — Boko Haram, Al-Qaeda, the Taliban and ISIS.
Thirteen of the 14 Muslim Groups identified by the U.S. intelligence community as actively hostile to the US are Sunni, not Shia, and are not supported by Iran:
– ISIS (Sunni)
– The Al-Nusra Front (Sunni)
– Al-Qa’ida Central (Sunni)
– Al-Qa’ida in Magheb (Sunni)
– Al-Qa’ida in Arabian Peninsula (Sunni)
– Boku Haram (Sunni)
– Al-Shabbab (Sunni)
– Khorassan Group (Sunni)
– Society of the Muslim Brothers (Sunni)
– Sayyaf Group in the Philippines (Sunni)
– Taliban in Pakistan and Afghanistan (Sunni)
– Lashgar i Taiba (Sunni)
– Jemaa Islamiya (Sunni)
– Houthis (Shia)
The final major terrorist beset causing casualties that is linked to Iran was the July 2012 bombing of a bus with Israeli tourists in Bulgaria. That departure from Iran’s more recent policy on terrorism was retaliation for what Iran perceived to breathe Israel’s role in assassinating five Iranian scientists involved with Iran’s Nuclear program, between January 2010 and January 2012 (the dates and names of those attacked are appended).
One can easily imagine the outrage and lust for revenge that would sweep the U.S., if Americans believed a foreign country sent operatives into the United States who in circle murdered engineers and scientists working on sensitive U.S. defense projects.
There possess been other terrorist attacks inside Iran manner the handprint of champion from the United States. Author Sean Naylor, Relentless Strike, which details the history of operations carried out by U.S. Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC) over the past 30 years, sheds light on this uncomfortable truth:
“JSOC personnel furthermore worked with the Mujahideen-e-Khalq (MEK), a militant Iranian exile group that had based itself in Iraq after falling afoul of the ayatollahs’ regime in Tehran. The state Department had placed the MEK on its list of designated terrorist organizations, but that didn’t quit JSOC from taking an attitude of “the enemy of my enemy is my friend” toward the group. “They were a group of folks that could transit the border, and they were willing to befriend us out on what they wanted to accomplish with Iran,” said a special operations officer.”
The MEK were classified as a terrorist group, until the United States decided that as long as the MEK would befriend abolish Iranians rather than Americans, that they were no longer terrorists. The MEK’s history of terrorism is quite clear. Among more than a dozen examples over the final four decades these four are illustrative:
Despite this history, a bipartisan parade of prominent U.S. political and military leaders has lobbied on behalf of MEK and has been well compensated in return.
Benighted Policy So Far
In the ultimate ironic turn, the U.S.-led 2003 war in Iraq played a captious role in Iran’s resurgence as a regional power. Saddam Hussein was replaced by Shia muslims who had received sanctuary in Iran for many years and Baathist institutions, including the Army, were taken over by Iraqis sympathetic to Tehran.
Iran has arrive out ahead in Iraq and, with the 2015 nuclear agreement in place, Iran’s commercial and other ties possess improved with key NATO allies and the other major world players—Russia and China in particular.
Official pronouncements on captious national security matters exigency to breathe based on facts. Hyperbole in describing Iran’s terrorist activities can breathe counterproductive. For this reason, they muster attention to Ambassador Nikki Haley’s recent statement that it is hard to find a “terrorist group in the Middle East that does not possess Iran’s fingerprints sum over it.” The truth is quite different. The majority of terrorist groups in the region are neither creatures nor puppets of Iran. ISIS, Al-Qaeda and Al-Nusra are three of the more prominent that arrive to mind.
You possess presented yourself as someone willing to converse hard truths in the mug of establishment pressure and not to accept the status quo. You spoke out during the push against the 2003 U.S. invasion of Iraq as a historic mistake of epic proportions. You furthermore correctly captured the mood of many Americans fatigued from constant war in far away lands. Yet the torrent of warnings from Washington about the dangers supposedly posed by Iran and the exigency to confront them are being widely perceived as steps toward reversing your pledge not to accept embroiled in current wars.
We animate you to reflect on the warning they raised with President George W. Bush almost 15 years ago, at a similar historic juncture:
“after watching Secretary Powell today, they are convinced that you would breathe well served if you widened the discussion … beyond the set of those advisers clearly bent on a war for which they perceive no compelling reason and from which they believe the unintended consequences are likely to breathe catastrophic.”
LIST OF IRANIAN SCIENTISTS ASSASSINATED IN IRAN
January 12, 2010: Masoud Alimohammadi, Iranian Physicist:
Killed by a car bomb. The perpetrator reportedly confessed to having been recruited by Israeli intelligence to carry out the assassination.
November 29, 2010: Majid Shahriari, Iranian nuclear scientist:
Killed by a car bomb. According to German media, Israel was the sponsor.
November 29, 2010: Assassination attempt on Fereydoon Abbasi Iranian nuclear scientist:
Wounded by a car bomb.
July 23, 2011: Darioush Rezaeinejad, Iranian electrical engineer, unclear scientist
Killed by unknown gunmen on motorcycle. Specialist on high-voltage switches — a key component of nuclear warheads. Assassinated by Israeli intelligence, according to the German press.
January 11, 2012: Mostafa Ahmadi-Roshan, Iranian nuclear scientist
Killed at Natanz uranium enrichment facility by a magnetic bomb of the selfsame kindly used in earlier assassinations of Iranian scientists.
Richard Beske, CIA, Operations Officer (ret.)
William Binney, former NSA Technical Director for World Geopolitical & Military Analysis; Co-founder of NSA’s Signals Intelligence Automation Research Center
Marshall Carter-Tripp, foreign Service Officer (ret.) and Division Director, state Department Bureau of Intelligence and Research
Bogdan Dzakovic, Former Team Leader of Federal Air Marshals and Red Team, FAA Security, (ret.) (associate VIPS)
Philip Giraldi, CIA, Operations Officer (ret.)
Larry C. Johnson, former CIA and state Department Counter Terrorism officer
Michael S. Kearns, Captain, USAF (Ret.); ex-Master SERE Instructor for Strategic Reconnaissance Operations (NSA/DIA) and Special Mission Units (JSOC)
John Kiriakou, Former CIA Counterterrorism Officer and former senior investigator, Senate foreign Relations Committee
Karen Kwiatkowski, former Lt. Col., US Air coerce (ret.), at Office of Secretary of Defense watching the manufacture of lies on Iraq, 2001-2003
Edward Loomis, NSA, Cryptologic Computer Scientist (ret.)
David MacMichael, National Intelligence Council (ret.)
Ray McGovern, former US Army infantry/intelligence officer & CIA analyst (ret.)
Elizabeth Murray, Deputy National Intelligence Officer for Near East, CIA and National Intelligence Council (ret.)
Torin Nelson, former Intelligence Officer/Interrogator (GG-12) HQ, Department of the Army
Todd E. Pierce, MAJ, US Army arbiter Advocate (ret.)
Coleen Rowley, FBI Special Agent and former Minneapolis Division Legal Counsel (ret.)
Greg Thielmann — Former director of the Strategic, Proliferation, and Military Affairs Office of the state Department’s intelligence bureau (INR) and former senior staffer on the Senate Intelligence Committee
Kirk Wiebe — former Senior Analyst, SIGINT Automation Research Center, NSA
Lawrence Wilkerson, Colonel (USA, ret.), Distinguished Visiting Professor, College of William and Mary (associate VIPS)
Sarah G. Wilton, CDR, USNR, (Retired)/DIA, (Retired)
Robert Wing — former foreign Service Officer (associate VIPS)
Ann Wright, Col., US Army (ret.); foreign Service Officer (who resigned in opposition to the war on Iraq)
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CWNA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
CWNP [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
Dassault [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
DELL [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
DMI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
DRI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ECCouncil [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
ECDL [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
EMC [129 Certification Exam(s) ]
Enterasys [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
Ericsson [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
ESPA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Esri [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
ExamExpress [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Exin [40 Certification Exam(s) ]
ExtremeNetworks [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
F5-Networks [20 Certification Exam(s) ]
FCTC [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Filemaker [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
Financial [36 Certification Exam(s) ]
Food [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Fortinet [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
Foundry [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
FSMTB [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Fujitsu [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
GAQM [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
Genesys [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
GIAC [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Google [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
GuidanceSoftware [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
H3C [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
HDI [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
Healthcare [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
HIPAA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hitachi [30 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hortonworks [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hospitality [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
HP [750 Certification Exam(s) ]
HR [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
HRCI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Huawei [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hyperion [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
IAAP [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IAHCSMM [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IBM [1532 Certification Exam(s) ]
IBQH [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ICAI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ICDL [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
IEEE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IELTS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IFPUG [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
IIBA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
IISFA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Intel [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
IQN [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IRS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISACA [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISC2 [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISEB [24 Certification Exam(s) ]
Isilon [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISM [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
iSQI [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
ITEC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Juniper [64 Certification Exam(s) ]
LEED [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Legato [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
Liferay [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Logical-Operations [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Lotus [66 Certification Exam(s) ]
LPI [24 Certification Exam(s) ]
LSI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Magento [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Maintenance [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
McAfee [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
McData [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Medical [69 Certification Exam(s) ]
Microsoft [374 Certification Exam(s) ]
Mile2 [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Military [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Misc [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Motorola [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
mySQL [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
NBSTSA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCEES [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCIDQ [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCLEX [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Network-General [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
NetworkAppliance [39 Certification Exam(s) ]
NI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NIELIT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Nokia [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Nortel [130 Certification Exam(s) ]
Novell [37 Certification Exam(s) ]
OMG [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
Oracle [279 Certification Exam(s) ]
P&C [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Palo-Alto [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
PARCC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PayPal [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Pegasystems [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
PEOPLECERT [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
PMI [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Polycom [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
PostgreSQL-CE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Prince2 [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
PRMIA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PsychCorp [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PTCB [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
QAI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
QlikView [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Quality-Assurance [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
RACC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Real-Estate [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
RedHat [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
RES [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
Riverbed [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
RSA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Sair [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
Salesforce [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
SANS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SAP [98 Certification Exam(s) ]
SASInstitute [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
SAT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SCO [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
SCP [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
SDI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
See-Beyond [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Siemens [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Snia [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
SOA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Social-Work-Board [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
SpringSource [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SUN [63 Certification Exam(s) ]
SUSE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Sybase [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
Symantec [134 Certification Exam(s) ]
Teacher-Certification [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
The-Open-Group [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
TIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Tibco [18 Certification Exam(s) ]
Trainers [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Trend [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
TruSecure [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
USMLE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
VCE [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Veeam [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Veritas [33 Certification Exam(s) ]
Vmware [58 Certification Exam(s) ]
Wonderlic [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Worldatwork [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
XML-Master [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Zend [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
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