C2040-407 exam Dumps Source : IBM Notes and Domino 9.0 companionable Edition System Administration B
Test Code : C2040-407
Test title : IBM Notes and Domino 9.0 companionable Edition System Administration B
Vendor title : IBM
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IBM got Lotus software again in 1995 for $three.5 billion. it's now divesting the know-how, together with six other one-time cornerstone traffic purposes.
There was a time when Lotus Notes and Domino acquire been the cornerstones of IBM's software portfolio, enabling enterprise collaboration and productiveness. these days at the jiffy are in the past, as IBM is divesting these belongings, together with a number of other functions, to HCL applied sciences.
HCL technologies will pay IBM $1.8 billion, with the deal anticipated to shut in mid-2019. moreover Notes and Domino, HCL is acquiring a number of different traffic applications, together with: Appscan for cozy utility building, BigFix for secure device administration, Unica (on-premises) for advertising automation, Commerce (on-premises) for omni-channel eCommerce, Portal (on-premises) for digital journey, and Connections for workstream collaboration.
"We accept as loyal with the time is remedy to divest these opt for collaboration, advertising and commerce software assets, that are more and more delivered as standalone items," John Kelly, IBM senior vp, Cognitive solutions and research, wrote in a media advisory. " on the identical time, they dependence these items are a robust strategic meet for HCL, and that HCL is neatly positioned to power innovation and expand for his or her shoppers."
IBM has more and more been stepping into cloud and synthetic intelligence during the ultimate 4 years, and has built up different assets that it will focal point on.functions
lots of the functions being sold to HCL acquire been initially bought by IBM from other companies.
IBM acquired Lotus software, maker of Notes and Domino, in 1995 for $three.5 billion, although the Lotus company wasn't dropped with the aid of IBM unless 2012.
AppScan which is now being offered to HCL, became as soon as the cornerstone of the IBM Rational application portfolio. IBM received the AppScan product portfolio as partake of the acquisition of safety seller Watchfire in June 2007.
BigFix became got by means of IBM to develop into partake of its Tivoli operations division in July 2010, whereas Unica changed into got by IBM in August 2010 for $480 million.HCL technologies
HCL technologies is based in Noida, India, and positions itself as a digital transformation company. HCL and IBM had already been partnering on most of the bought utility assets.
"We proceed to discern distinguished opportunities available in the market to raise their Mode-three (items and platforms) choices," C Vijayakumar, President & CEO, HCL technologies, wrote in a media advisory. "The products that they are buying are in mammoth becoming market areas devotion protection, advertising and marketing and Commerce, which might breathe strategic segments for HCL. many of these products are smartly regarded by consumers and located within the suitable quadrant with the aid of trade analysts."
Sean Michael Kerner is a senior editor at EnterpriseAppsToday and InternetNews.com. comply with him on Twitter @TechJournalist.
IBM announced ultimate night that it's selling the remaining add-ons from its 1995 acquisition of Lotus to Indian enterprise HCL for $1.eight billion.
IBM paid $3.5 billion for Lotus lower back within the day. The massive pieces here are Lotus Notes, Domino and Portal. These acquire been a mammoth a partake of IBM’s commercial enterprise company for a very long time, but ultimate yr big Blue everybitof started to pull away, promoting the construction part to HCL, whereas keeping manage of revenue and advertising and marketing.
This announcement marks the conclude of the road for IBM involvement. With the development of the platform out of its control, and in exigency of money after spending $34 billion for red Hat, possibly IBM easily decided it now not made feel to hold any a partake of this in-apartment.
As for HCL, it sees a haphazard to continue to build the Notes/Domino business, and it’s seizing it with this purchase. “The big-scale deployments of these items supply us with an outstanding opening to attain and serve thousands of world organizations across a wide reach of industries and markets,” C Vijayakumar, president and CEO at HCL technologies, observed in a press release aphorism the deal.
Alan Lepofsky, an analyst at Constellation analysis who continues nearby watch on the enterprise collaboration space, says the sale may characterize a cleanly birth for utility that IBM hasn’t in fact been paying nearby attention to for some time. “HCL is much more interested in Notes/Domino than IBM has been for a decade. they're investing closely, attempting to rejuvenate the brand,” Lepofsky told TechCrunch.
while this software may likewise suppose lengthy within the tooth, Notes and Domino are still in utilize in lots of corners of the commercial enterprise, and here's especially loyal in EMEA (Europe, center East and Africa) and AP (Asia Pacific), Lepofsky talked about.
He introduced that IBM looks to breathe completely exiting the collaboration house with this sale. “It seems that IBM is achieved with collaboration, out of the video game,” he referred to.
This stream makes sustain for IBM, which is pitiful in a unique course as it develops its cloud business. The red Hat acquisition in October, in certain, shows that the company desires to embody deepest and hybrid cloud deployments, and older software devotion Lotus Notes and Domino don’t in fact play a role in that world.
The deal, which is locality to regulatory approval tactics, is anticipated to nearby within the core of subsequent yr.
IBM Domino, formally called Lotus Domino, is a web-server and an superior fabricated from the IBM server. This web-server is widespread for internet hosting a pair of companionable company purposes and enterprise-degree electronic mail collaboration. it's regarded to breathe a within your means acknowledge to enhance productivity and pace up the operations.
After finishing the investigate-out system for the SSL certificates, you're going to trap hold of an email connected with a *.zip file out of your certification authority. This file contains of fundamental, intermediate, and root certificates. You should download and extract this *.zip file to your IBM Dominoserver listing the dwelling you design to shop everybitof your certificates.
earlier than installation the SSL certificate, you exigency to generate a CSR (certificates Signing Request). gladden click on here to generate a CSR. if you acquire already generated a CSR, then proceed with the steps under:
To install an SSL certificates on the IBM Domino server, you exigency to merge your all certificate information to the identical Key Ring that became used to generate CSR (certificates Signing Request).
Now, proceed by means of inserting your certificates into the key Ring in right here order:
1. RootCertificate.crt2. IntermediateCertificate.crt3. PrimaryCertificate.crtSSL certificates installation on IBM Domino
(1) Open the file ‘Domino Server certificates Administrator (CERTSRV.NSF).’ which you could find this file within the device database in the ‘Admin Panel’ of Notes.
(2) Now, proceed by using clicking on deploy depended on Root certificate into Key Ring and enter the file identify of the well-known thing Ring that you just created whereas producing the CSR.
(3) you can deploy the basis certificates using one in everybitof right here 3 ways:
(a) via determining Root certificate file
(b) via typing the title and site of Root certificates
(c) with the aid of identifying clipboard option, open your root certificate with any textual content editor reproduction content material of your root certificate (From start certificate _ _ _ _ _ _ to _ _ _ _ _ conclude certificate) and paste it in the textual content box.
(four) click on on the Merge certificates into Key Ring button.
(5) For installing the ‘Intermediate certificate,’ open ‘deploy relied on Root certificate’ in Key Ring. Now, comply with the above mode once more and deploy it in to the well-known thing ring.
(6) click on ‘installation certificate into Key Ring.’ Enter the file title of your key ring after that, which changed into created whereas producing the CSR, and enter the route of the certificate or you can replica and paste the content material of the certificates and click on ‘Merge certificate into Key Ring’ button.
figure 1: installation SSL certificate into Key Ring – Lotus Domino
With this, you acquire effectively achieved the process of SSL certificates installation on an IBM Domino (Lotus Domino) server! chuffed setting up!
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Before delving into the inner workings of the OSGi console, it is best to briefly accountfor OSGi. OSGi stands for Open Services Gateway initiative framework. This framework allows software to breathe written and executed as independent components. In OSGi-speak, these components are referred to as bundles. OSGi is used in a wide reach of applications, from client programs such as Eclipse and IBM Lotus Notes, to mobile phones, to server applications such as IBM Lotus Domino. As a result of their modular nature, OSGi bundles can breathe started, stopped, and debugged on an individual basis, without the exigency for stopping or restarting the entire platform. Both the Domino server and the Notes client utilize Eclipse’s implementation of OSGi (Equinox) as their OSGi runtime platform.
OSGi was added to the Domino platform in release 8.5.2. As a result, in Domino 8.5.2, the XPages runtime was repackaged to dash as OSGi bundles (instead of just a regular collection of Java JARS), likewise referred to as Eclipse plug-ins.
The OSGi console allows for the input of commands that the OSGi platform then performs. The platform posts the results of such commands back to the console. The OSGi platform itself has a all host of commands that can simplify the troubleshooting of problems. The OSGi console can assist developers in developing XPages controls and applications, as well as assisting advocate personnel in diagnosing runtime issues. Developers who extend the XPages runtime by creating libraries will find the OSGi console commands to breathe a particularly powerful tool in analyzing problems. The OSGi console is of particular utilize when the developer/administrator needs to know whether individual plug-ins (or sets of plug-ins) are loading correctly or which version of a plug-in is in use.
As mentioned earlier, OSGi is embedded within both the Notes client and the Domino server. Depending on where your XPages application is running (whether on the client or the server), your mode of accessing the OSGi console will vary. They start by explaining how to access the OSGi console on the Domino server.
OSGi is embedded within the HTTP stint on the Domino server, as a result, the OSGi console is started automatically whenever the HTTP stint is started. OSGi console commands are routed to the OSGi console via the HTTP task. That is, when entering an OSGi console command on the Domino server, the user must repeat the HTTP stint to route the specified command to the OSGi console—for example:tell http osgi <<command>>
Here, <<command>> is the title of the OSGi console command. Any OSGi command can breathe executed using the preceding syntax.
When it comes to OSGi commands, every developer and administrator should know several rudimentary commands. These commands can breathe your “go to” commands when problems arise—say, when you suspect bundle loading might breathe a factor. Even when you Do not believe that bundle loading is the problem, it is often best to first validate that the bundle is actually loaded before proceeding with other debugging techniques.
Table 3.2 lists some of the more commonly used OSGi commands that are available to utilize for diagnosing plug-in issues on the Domino server (and likewise the Notes client). In Table 3.2, bundle-symbolic-name is referenced extensively. This is the title by which the OSGi platform references bundles. bundle-symbolic-name correlates directly to the Bundle-SymbolicName manifest header, often referred to as the plug-in name.Table 3.2. OSGi Console Commands
tell http osgi diag <bundle-symbolic-name>
Diagnoses the status of the bundle whose title is provided. Determines whether the bundle is resolved and, if not, states why the bundle is not resolved.
tell http osgi ss <bundle-symbolic-name>
Lists the status of everybitof bundles in the system. Optionally, a symbolic title or a symbolic title prefix can breathe provided to obtain the status of a particular bundle or a subset of bundles.
tell http osgi start <bundle-symbolic-name>
Starts the bundle with the specified symbolic name.
tell http osgi discontinue <bundle-symbolic-name>
Stops the bundle with the specified symbolic name.
tell http osgi b <bundle-symbolic-name>
Prints metadata relating to the specified bundle.
tell http osgi headers <bundle-symbolic-name>
Lists the OSGi headers for the specified bundle.
tell http osgi help
Lists everybitof the OSGi command available on the server, along with some text describing each command.
All the commands listed in Table 3.2 can breathe entered via the Domino server console, with the results of such commands being printed back to the console, as illustrated in motif 3.4.
Figure 3.4. Running an OSGi command on the Domino Server Console
All the commands referenced in Table 3.2 can alternatively hold the bundle id as a parameter (instead of the bundle-symbolic-name). The bundle id is a numeric ID that the OSGi runtime assigns to the bundle during platform initialization. The ID might vary from instance to instance of the platform, but users might find it easier to input than having to enter the entire bundle symbolic name. Examples of how to determine and utilize the bundle id are given later in this chapter.
Rarely does a sole OSGi console command acknowledge everybitof the questions on why a plug-in is not loading or operating as expected. The following sections accountfor in greater detail how you can utilize each of these commands and the results you can anticipate to discern from executing such commands.diag <bundle-symbolic-name>
This is one of the most valuable commands in your arsenal and will likely breathe the one you’ll utilize most frequently when diagnosing issues. You can utilize this command to determine whether a bundle is resolved within the OSGi platform. The status returned by this command will breathe one of the following:
If No unresolved constraints is the returned status, it suggests that the system has recognized the bundle and that everybitof dependencies of the bundle are satisfied. When an Unresolved constraint status is returned, it suggests that one or more bundles or packages that the bundle requires are missing or cannot breathe loaded. It is worth noting here that a bundle might still fail to start even though the OSGi console reports that the bundle has been resolved. If a bundle fails to start and is resolved, some code in the bundle’s activator likely is failing (throwing an exception).
Sample usage:tell http osgi diag com.ibm.xsp.core
Listing 3.8 shows the typical output of running the diag command against the com.ibm.xsp.core plug-in.Listing 3.8. Result of Running the diag Command Against a Specific Bundle—Successful Case > repeat http osgi diag com.ibm.xsp.core 10/17/2011 09:43:14 PM initial@reference:file:../../shared/eclipse/plugins/com.ibm.xsp. core_126.96.36.19910629-1645/ 10/17/2011 09:43:14 PM No unresolved constraints.
In this case, the diag command reports that there were No unresolved constraints against the entered bundle symbolic name—in other words, the system recognizes the given bundle. Upon closer examination, the user can obtain further information about the bundle in question. It can determine where the bundle being used by the platform is installed, and the platform-assigned bundle id can likewise breathe obtained.
From reading the console output, the user can discern that the bundle is installed to ../../shared/eclipse/plugins/com.ibm.xsp.core_188.8.131.5210629-1645. The location specified is relative to the osgi/rcp/eclipse directory, which is a child of the Domino program directory. In this case, the console output indicates that the plug-in is installed at: <domino program directory>/osgi/shared/eclipse/plugins.
Finally, the output states the platform-assigned bundle id for the specified bundle. 119 is the id assigned to this bundle in this example. As stated previously, the OSGi commands listed here can utilize the bundle id interchangeably. In this example, executing the following command has identical output to that in Listing 3.8.
Sample usage:tell http osgi diag 119
Listing 3.9 shows sample output of running the diag command in an unsuccessful scenario.Listing 3.9. Result of Running the diag Command Against a Specific Bundle—Error Case > repeat http osgi diag com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt 09/09/2011 04:05:51 PM update@../../../data/domino/workspace/applications/eclipse/plugins/com. ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt_184.108.40.206108111413.jar  09/09/2011 04:05:51 PM Direct constraints which are unresolved: 09/09/2011 04:05:51 PM Missing host com.ibm.xsp.extlib_0.0.0.
In Listing 3.9, you can discern that the OSGi platform reports that the bundle in question is not resolved as a result of a missing dependency. They can discern from the console output that the OSGi platform has actually institute the bundle that they are looking for (com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt), but as one of the bundles that com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt depends on is not resolved, the com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt bundle does not trap resolved itself. Looking a exiguous more closely at the console output, they can determine the following:
The bundle com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt is installed at ../../../data/domino/workspace/applications/eclipse/plugins/com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt_220.127.116.11108111413.jar. They now know that this path is relative to the <domino program directory>/osgi/rcp/eclipse directory. Hence, they can deduce that com.ibm.extlib.sbt is installed at the <domino program directory>/data/domino/workspace/applications/eclipse/plugins/ directory.
The OSGi platform–assigned bundle id for this bundle is 116.
One other tidbit of information can breathe extracted from the console output, in this case. The final line of the output tells us that the host is missing:Missing host com.ibm.xsp.extlib_0.0.0
This tells us that the bundle they are looking for (com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt) is, in fact, a plug-in fragment, and the unresolved constraint (com.ibm.xsp.extlib) is the host plug-in.ss, ss <bundle-symbolic-name>, or ss <bundle-name-prefix>
Similar to the diag command, this command quickly determines the status of a particular bundle—or everybitof the bundles installed in the platform. Users can optionally specify a bundle title or a bundle title prefix to trap the status of specific bundles. The returned status shows the bundle id, state, and bundle title of everybitof bundles. In many situations, this command is just as useful as the diag command because it likewise reports the status of a bundle. This command does not repeat the user why a particular bundle is not loading, but it does repeat the user the state of a bundle.
Sample usage:tell http osgi ss
Listing 3.10 shows the result of running the ss command without any parameters.Listing 3.10. Result of Running the ss Command Without Any Bundle title Parameter > repeat http osgi ss 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM Framework is launched. 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM id state Bundle 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM 0 active org.eclipse. osgi_3.4.3.R34x_v20081215-1030-RCP20110624-1648 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM Fragments=57, 76, 88, 89, 235 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM 1 RESOLVED org.eclipse.equinox. event_1.1.0.v20080225 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM Fragments=32 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM 2 RESOLVED com.ibm.pvc.jndi.provider. java.nl_18.104.22.16810625-0109 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM Master=71 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM 3 RESOLVED com.ibm.eclipse.equinox. preferences.nl_22.214.171.12410624-1648 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM Master=85 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM 4 <<LAZY>> com.ibm.icu. base_3.8.1.v20080530 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM 5 RESOLVED com.ibm.pvc.servlet. jsp_126.96.36.19910625-0109 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM 6 RESOLVED org.apache.commons. logging_188.8.131.5210625-0109
Listing 3.10 lists a subset of the information that displays when this command is dash in a everyday server environment. However, the listing does note everybitof the information needed to understand the output of the command.
The command outputs several well-known pieces of information about each bundle:
Sample usage:tell http osgi ss com.ibm.xsp.extlib
Listing 3.11 shows the result of running the ss command with a bundle prefix specified.Listing 3.11. Result of Running the ss Command, Specifying a Bundle Prefix > repeat http osgi ss com.ibm.xsp.extlib 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM Framework is launched. 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM id state Bundle 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM 108 RESOLVED com.ibm.xsp.extlib. conns_184.108.40.20610724 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM Master=117 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM 109 RESOLVED com.ibm.xsp.extlib. domino_220.127.116.11107241628 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM Master=117 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM 112 RESOLVED com.ibm.xsp.extlib. oneui_18.104.22.168107241628 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM Master=117 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM 115 RESOLVED com.ibm.xsp.extlib. stime_22.214.171.124107241628 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM Master=117 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM 117 active com.ibm.xsp. extlib_126.96.36.199107241628
Similar to Listing 3.10, Listing 3.11 shows the results of executing the ss command, only this time the command is passed a bundle symbolic title as a parameter. The ss command finds everybitof bundles on the system that either start with the parameter or acquire a bundle symbolic title that is the same as the parameter. Listing 3.11 lists everybitof the bundles, along with their bundle id and state.
Table 3.3 lists everybitof the workable states of an OSGi bundle.Table 3.3. OSGi Bundle States
The bundle is uninstalled and is unusable.
The bundle has been installed, but the platform has not yet resolved it.
The bundle has been resolved and is in a position to breathe started.Note that it is still workable for the bundle to fail to start, even though it has been resolved by the environment.
Similar to RESOLVED, the platform has resolved the bundle and is in a position to breathe started. The bundle is not yet active because it has been configured (via its bundle manifest) to breathe initialized lazily–that is, only when another active bundle references the bundle will it breathe activated.
The bundle is in the process of starting. Either another bundle has specifically caused the bundle to start (by referring to a class within the bundle) or the user has manually started the bundle via the console. Rarely is a bundle in this state because it is transient.
The bundle is in the process of shutting down. Similar to STARTING, a bundle rarely is in this state.
The bundle is running within the OSGi platform.
Developers and administrators should breathe watchful that, on the Domino server, the state of a bundle is not persisted from one session to the next—that is, after the HTTP stint is restarted, any bundles that were started manually in the previous session must breathe started again. Luckily, the ss command has an argument for filtering everybitof bundles in a given state. The ss command can filter the bundles based on their state, by appending -s [state] to the command syntax.
Sample usage:tell http osgi ss -s active
Figure 3.5 shows the output of running the ss command with the -s active argument.
Figure 3.5. Result of running the ss command in the Domino server consolestart <bundle-symbolic-name>
This command requests that the platform manually start the specified bundle. Calling this command does not guarantee that the specified bundle will breathe started. An exception can still occur during bundle initialization that would antecedent the bundle initialization to fail. Performing an ss command after the start command reports the status of the bundle. This command is helpful when a novel bundle has been installed on the server, but the administrator or developer is not in a position to restart the HTTP stint to start the novel bundle.
Sample usage:tell http osgi start com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt
Figure 3.6 shows that, by running a combination of the ss and start commands, a bundle can breathe started and its state can breathe verified.
Figure 3.6. Result of running the start and ss commands in the consolestop <bundle-symbolic-name>
This command tells the platform to discontinue the specified bundle. Users should breathe mindful when calling this on a production environment. In some cases, it might not breathe workable for the platform to discontinue the bundle. If this is the case, the reason will breathe printed to the console.
Sample usage:tell http osgi discontinue com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt
Figure 3.7 shows how running a combination of the ss and discontinue command stops a bundle and verifies its state.
Figure 3.7. Result of running the start and ss commands in the consoleb <bundle-symbolic-name>
This command prints everybitof metadata relating to the specified bundle. The metadata includes imported packages, required bundles, exported packages, bundle location, and so on. This command is useful when the developer needs to quickly verify that the bundle loaded by the platform has the meta information that the developer believes it has.
Sample usage:tell http osgi b com.ibm.xsp.extlib
Listing 3.12 shows a subset of the output from running the b command against a specified bundle.Listing 3.12. Sample Result of Running the b Command Against a Specified Bundle tell http osgi b com.ibm.xsp.extlib 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM update@../../../data/domino/workspace/applications/eclipse/plugins/com. ibm.xsp.extlib_188.8.131.52107241628NTF.jar  09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM Id=117, Status=<<LAZY>> Data Root=C:Program Files\IBM\Lotus\Domino\data\domino\workspace\.config org.eclipse.osgi\bundles\117\data 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM No registered services. 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM No services in use. 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM Exported packages 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM com.ibm.xsp.extlib.actions.client; version="0.0.0"[exported] 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM com.ibm.xsp.extlib.actions.client.data; version="0.0.0"[exported] 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM com.ibm.xsp.extlib.actions.client.dojo; version="0.0.0"[exported] 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM com.ibm.xsp.extlib.actions.client.dojo.fx; version="0.0.0"[exported] 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM com.ibm.xsp.extlib.actions.server; version="0.0.0"[exported] headers <bundle-symbolic-name>
This command causes the OSGi header information for the specified bundle to breathe printed to the console. This command is convenient for checking information such as the packages that a specific bundle exports or the bundles that the specified bundle depends upon. everybitof the information stored in the bundle’s manifest.mf file is printed to the console.
Sample usage:tell http osgi headers com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt
Listing 3.13 shows the result of running the headers command on the Domino server console.Listing 3.13. Sample Result of Running the headers Command with a Specified Bundle Name tell http osgi headers com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Bundle headers: 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Bundle-ClassPath = .,lib/httpclient- 4.0.1.jar,lib/httpcore-4.0.1.jar,lib/commons-codec-1.3.jar,lib/ oauth-20100527.jar,lib/ oauth-consumer- 20090617.jar,lib/oauth-consumer-20100527.jar,lib/oauth-httpclient4- 20090913.jar,lib/oauth-provider-20100527.jar 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Bundle-ManifestVersion = 2 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Bundle-Name = IBM companionable traffic Toolkit 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Bundle-SymbolicName = com.ibm.xsp.extlib. sbt;singleton:=true 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Bundle-Vendor = IBM 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Bundle-Version = 184.108.40.206108111413 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Export-Package = com.ibm.xsp.extlib.fragment,com.ibm.xsp.extlib.model,com.ibm.xsp.extlib. resources,com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt.activitystreams,com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt. activitystreams.entry,com.ibm.xsp. extlib.sbt.activitystreams.queue,com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt.connections,com. ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt.connections.meta,com.ibm.xsp.extlib.security. authorization,com.ibm.xsp.extlib.security .authorization.beans,com.ibm.xsp.extlib.security.oauth_10a,com.ibm.xsp. extlib.security.oauth_10a.servlet 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Fragment-Host = com.ibm.xsp.extlib 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Manifest-Version = 1.0
Listing 3.13 lists many different OSGi headers. You can find a full list of OSGi headers and their descriptions in the official OSGi specification: www.osgi.org/download/r4v43/r4.core.pdf.help
This command tells the OSGi platform to print everybitof commands that it supports, along with a short description of each command.
Sample usage:tell http osgi help
Figure 3.8 shows the sample output from running the back OSGi command on the Domino server console.
Figure 3.8. Result of running the back command in the console
A group of U.S. intelligence veterans urges President Trump to discontinue his administration’s spurious claims about Iran being the leading state sponsor of terrorism when U.S. allies, such as Saudi Arabia, are clearly much guiltier.
MEMORANDUM FOR: The President
FROM: Veteran Intelligence Professionals for Sanity
SUBJECT: Is Iran the “World’s Leading Sponsor of Terrorism?”
We are concerned by recent strident and stark public statements from key members of your Administration that paint Iran in very alarmist terms. The tolerable American, without the profit of history, could easily breathe persuaded that Iran poses an imminent threat and that there is no alternative for us but military conflict.
We find this uncomfortably chummy territory. Ten years ago former President George W. Bush was contemplating a war with Iran when, in November of 2007, intelligence analysts issued a formal National Intelligence rate (NIE) debunking the prevalent conventional wisdom; namely, that Iran was on the verge of getting a nuclear weapon. The NIE concluded that Iran had stopped working on a nuclear weapon in 2003.
Recalling this jiffy in his memoir, conclusion Points, President Bush renowned that the NIE’s “eye-popping” intelligence findings stayed his hand. He added this rhetorical question: “How could I possibly accountfor using the military to fritter the nuclear facilities of a country the intelligence community said had no active nuclear weapons program?”
We believe that you are facing a similar situation today. But instead of an inaccurate title that Iran has nuclear weapons, the novel canard to justify war with Iran is the title that Iran remains the “world’s leading state sponsor of terrorism.” This is incorrect, as they accountfor below.
* * *
One of the recurring mammoth bipartisan lies being pushed on the public with the enthusiastic back of a largely pliant media is that Iran is the prime sponsor of terrorism in the world today.
In the recent presentation of your administration’s National Security Strategy for 2018, the point is made that:
“Iran, the world’s leading state sponsor of terrorism, has taken advantage of instability to expand its influence through partners and proxies, weapon proliferation, and funding. . . . Iran continues to perpetuate the cycle of violence in the region, causing grievous harm to civilian populations.”
Those sentiments are echoed by several other countries of the Middle East. Saudi Arabia’s foreign Minister, Adel al-Jubeir, for example, declared in October 2015 that: Iran “is the biggest sponsor of terrorism in the world, and it is working on destabilizing the region.”
The Saudi foreign minister conveniently declined to mention that 15 of the 19 terrorists who hijacked planes and attacked America on 11 September 2001 were Saudis, not Iranians. And, while Iran was an active promoter of terrorism two decades ago, it is no longer in the forefront of global terrorism. Ironically, that dubious distinction now goes to Iran’s accusers — first and foremost, Saudi Arabia.
The depiction of Iran as “the world’s leading state sponsor of terrorism” is not supported by the facts. While Iran is guilty of having used terrorism as a national policy tool, the Iran of 2017 is not the Iran of 1981. In the early days of the Islamic Republic, Iranian operatives routinely carried out car bombings, kidnappings and assassinations of dissidents and of American citizens. That has not been the case for many years. Despite frequent claims by U.S. officials that Iran is engaged in terrorism, they simply note that the incidents recorded annually in the U.S. Department of State’s Patterns of Global Terrorism rarely identifies a terrorist incident as an act by or on behalf of Iran.
Iran’s relationship with Hezbollah likewise has evolved radically. In the early years of the Islamic Republic, Hezbollah was often a proxy and sub-contractor for Iran. But during the ultimate 20 years Hezbollah has become an entity and political constrain in its own right. It fought Israel to a standstill in 2006 in southern Lebanon, which was a watershed jiffy in establishing Hezbollah’s transformation into a conventional army. In the intervening years, Hezbollah, which is now partake of the Lebanese government, likewise has turned away from the radical, devout driven violence that is the hallmark of the Sunni extremists, devotion ISIS.
Iran’s Asymmetrical Response
After Iran fell under the rule of the Ayatollah in 1979 terrorism, its role in elevated profile terrorist attacks, such as the taking of U.S. hostages and the bombings of the U.S. Embassy and the Marine barracks in Lebanon, fed understandable U.S. animosity towards Iran. But Iran’s actions were not driven primarily by blind hatred or radical devout views. For Iran terrorism was a way to punch back against more powerful foes, principally the United States, which was providing military and intelligence advocate to Iran’s neighbor and enemy, Iraq.
The Iranians were likewise pragmatic and had direct dealings with Israel. During the early days of the Iranian revolution the Mullahs, despite publicly denouncing Israel, happily accepted furtive military advocate from the Israelis. Israel was equally pragmatic. The Israeli leaders ignored the Mullahs and gave the advocate as a means of helping counter the threat posed by Iraqi President Saddam Hussein. A classic case of the enemy of my enemy is my friend.
The public image of Iran as a hotbed of fanatical terrorists has been usurped since the August 1998 bombings of the U.S. Embassies in east Africa by Al Qaeda and other radical Sunni entities. The U.S. Government’s own list of terrorist attacks since 2001 shows a dramatic drop in the violence carried out by Iran and an accompanying surge in horrific acts by radical Sunni Muslims who are not aligned with Iran. The latest edition of the Global Terrorism Index, a project of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, shows that four groups accounted for 74 percent of everybitof fatalities from terrorism in 2015 — Boko Haram, Al-Qaeda, the Taliban and ISIS.
Thirteen of the 14 Muslim Groups identified by the U.S. intelligence community as actively hostile to the US are Sunni, not Shia, and are not supported by Iran:
– ISIS (Sunni)
– The Al-Nusra Front (Sunni)
– Al-Qa’ida Central (Sunni)
– Al-Qa’ida in Magheb (Sunni)
– Al-Qa’ida in Arabian Peninsula (Sunni)
– Boku Haram (Sunni)
– Al-Shabbab (Sunni)
– Khorassan Group (Sunni)
– Society of the Muslim Brothers (Sunni)
– Sayyaf Group in the Philippines (Sunni)
– Taliban in Pakistan and Afghanistan (Sunni)
– Lashgar i Taiba (Sunni)
– Jemaa Islamiya (Sunni)
– Houthis (Shia)
The ultimate major terrorist assault causing casualties that is linked to Iran was the July 2012 bombing of a bus with Israeli tourists in Bulgaria. That departure from Iran’s more recent policy on terrorism was retaliation for what Iran perceived to breathe Israel’s role in assassinating five Iranian scientists involved with Iran’s Nuclear program, between January 2010 and January 2012 (the dates and names of those attacked are appended).
One can easily imagine the outrage and lust for revenge that would sweep the U.S., if Americans believed a foreign country sent operatives into the United States who in turn murdered engineers and scientists working on sensitive U.S. defense projects.
There acquire been other terrorist attacks inside Iran mien the handprint of advocate from the United States. Author Sean Naylor, Relentless Strike, which details the history of operations carried out by U.S. Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC) over the past 30 years, sheds light on this uncomfortable truth:
“JSOC personnel likewise worked with the Mujahideen-e-Khalq (MEK), a militant Iranian exile group that had based itself in Iraq after falling afoul of the ayatollahs’ regime in Tehran. The state Department had placed the MEK on its list of designated terrorist organizations, but that didn’t discontinue JSOC from taking an attitude of “the enemy of my enemy is my friend” toward the group. “They were a group of folks that could transit the border, and they were willing to back us out on what they wanted to Do with Iran,” said a special operations officer.”
The MEK were classified as a terrorist group, until the United States decided that as long as the MEK would back assassinate Iranians rather than Americans, that they were no longer terrorists. The MEK’s history of terrorism is quite clear. Among more than a dozen examples over the ultimate four decades these four are illustrative:
Despite this history, a bipartisan parade of prominent U.S. political and military leaders has lobbied on behalf of MEK and has been well compensated in return.
Benighted Policy So Far
In the ultimate ironic turn, the U.S.-led 2003 war in Iraq played a critical role in Iran’s resurgence as a regional power. Saddam Hussein was replaced by Shia muslims who had received sanctuary in Iran for many years and Baathist institutions, including the Army, were taken over by Iraqis sympathetic to Tehran.
Iran has reach out ahead in Iraq and, with the 2015 nuclear agreement in place, Iran’s commercial and other ties acquire improved with key NATO allies and the other major world players—Russia and China in particular.
Official pronouncements on critical national security matters exigency to breathe based on facts. Hyperbole in describing Iran’s terrorist activities can breathe counterproductive. For this reason, they summon attention to Ambassador Nikki Haley’s recent statement that it is hard to find a “terrorist group in the Middle East that does not acquire Iran’s fingerprints everybitof over it.” The verity is quite different. The majority of terrorist groups in the region are neither creatures nor puppets of Iran. ISIS, Al-Qaeda and Al-Nusra are three of the more prominent that reach to mind.
You acquire presented yourself as someone willing to converse hard truths in the puss of establishment pressure and not to accept the status quo. You spoke out during the campaign against the 2003 U.S. invasion of Iraq as a historic mistake of epic proportions. You likewise correctly captured the temper of many Americans fatigued from constant war in far away lands. Yet the torrent of warnings from Washington about the dangers supposedly posed by Iran and the exigency to confront them are being widely perceived as steps toward reversing your pledge not to trap embroiled in novel wars.
We encourage you to reflect on the warning they raised with President George W. Bush almost 15 years ago, at a similar historic juncture:
“after watching Secretary Powell today, they are convinced that you would breathe well served if you widened the discussion … beyond the circle of those advisers clearly bent on a war for which they discern no compelling reason and from which they believe the unintended consequences are likely to breathe catastrophic.”
LIST OF IRANIAN SCIENTISTS ASSASSINATED IN IRAN
January 12, 2010: Masoud Alimohammadi, Iranian Physicist:
Killed by a car bomb. The perpetrator reportedly confessed to having been recruited by Israeli intelligence to carry out the assassination.
November 29, 2010: Majid Shahriari, Iranian nuclear scientist:
Killed by a car bomb. According to German media, Israel was the sponsor.
November 29, 2010: Assassination attempt on Fereydoon Abbasi Iranian nuclear scientist:
Wounded by a car bomb.
July 23, 2011: Darioush Rezaeinejad, Iranian electrical engineer, unclear scientist
Killed by unknown gunmen on motorcycle. Specialist on high-voltage switches — a key component of nuclear warheads. Assassinated by Israeli intelligence, according to the German press.
January 11, 2012: Mostafa Ahmadi-Roshan, Iranian nuclear scientist
Killed at Natanz uranium enrichment facility by a magnetic bomb of the same benevolent used in earlier assassinations of Iranian scientists.
Richard Beske, CIA, Operations Officer (ret.)
William Binney, former NSA Technical Director for World Geopolitical & Military Analysis; Co-founder of NSA’s Signals Intelligence Automation Research Center
Marshall Carter-Tripp, foreign Service Officer (ret.) and Division Director, state Department Bureau of Intelligence and Research
Bogdan Dzakovic, Former Team Leader of Federal Air Marshals and Red Team, FAA Security, (ret.) (associate VIPS)
Philip Giraldi, CIA, Operations Officer (ret.)
Larry C. Johnson, former CIA and state Department Counter Terrorism officer
Michael S. Kearns, Captain, USAF (Ret.); ex-Master SERE Instructor for Strategic Reconnaissance Operations (NSA/DIA) and Special Mission Units (JSOC)
John Kiriakou, Former CIA Counterterrorism Officer and former senior investigator, Senate foreign Relations Committee
Karen Kwiatkowski, former Lt. Col., US Air constrain (ret.), at Office of Secretary of Defense watching the manufacture of lies on Iraq, 2001-2003
Edward Loomis, NSA, Cryptologic Computer Scientist (ret.)
David MacMichael, National Intelligence Council (ret.)
Ray McGovern, former US Army infantry/intelligence officer & CIA analyst (ret.)
Elizabeth Murray, Deputy National Intelligence Officer for Near East, CIA and National Intelligence Council (ret.)
Torin Nelson, former Intelligence Officer/Interrogator (GG-12) HQ, Department of the Army
Todd E. Pierce, MAJ, US Army referee Advocate (ret.)
Coleen Rowley, FBI Special Agent and former Minneapolis Division Legal Counsel (ret.)
Greg Thielmann — Former director of the Strategic, Proliferation, and Military Affairs Office of the state Department’s intelligence bureau (INR) and former senior staffer on the Senate Intelligence Committee
Kirk Wiebe — former Senior Analyst, SIGINT Automation Research Center, NSA
Lawrence Wilkerson, Colonel (USA, ret.), Distinguished Visiting Professor, College of William and Mary (associate VIPS)
Sarah G. Wilton, CDR, USNR, (Retired)/DIA, (Retired)
Robert Wing — former foreign Service Officer (associate VIPS)
Ann Wright, Col., US Army (ret.); foreign Service Officer (who resigned in opposition to the war on Iraq)
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Logical-Operations [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Lotus [66 Certification Exam(s) ]
LPI [24 Certification Exam(s) ]
LSI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Magento [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Maintenance [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
McAfee [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
McData [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Medical [69 Certification Exam(s) ]
Microsoft [375 Certification Exam(s) ]
Mile2 [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Military [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Misc [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Motorola [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
mySQL [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
NBSTSA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCEES [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCIDQ [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCLEX [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Network-General [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
NetworkAppliance [39 Certification Exam(s) ]
NI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NIELIT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Nokia [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Nortel [130 Certification Exam(s) ]
Novell [37 Certification Exam(s) ]
OMG [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
Oracle [282 Certification Exam(s) ]
P&C [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Palo-Alto [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
PARCC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PayPal [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Pegasystems [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
PEOPLECERT [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
PMI [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Polycom [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
PostgreSQL-CE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Prince2 [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
PRMIA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PsychCorp [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PTCB [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
QAI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
QlikView [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Quality-Assurance [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
RACC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Real-Estate [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
RedHat [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
RES [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
Riverbed [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
RSA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Sair [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
Salesforce [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
SANS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SAP [98 Certification Exam(s) ]
SASInstitute [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
SAT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SCO [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
SCP [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
SDI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
See-Beyond [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Siemens [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Snia [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
SOA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Social-Work-Board [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
SpringSource [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SUN [63 Certification Exam(s) ]
SUSE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Sybase [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
Symantec [135 Certification Exam(s) ]
Teacher-Certification [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
The-Open-Group [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
TIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Tibco [18 Certification Exam(s) ]
Trainers [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Trend [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
TruSecure [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
USMLE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
VCE [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Veeam [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Veritas [33 Certification Exam(s) ]
Vmware [58 Certification Exam(s) ]
Wonderlic [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Worldatwork [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
XML-Master [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Zend [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
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