C2040-421 exam Dumps Source : IBM WebSphere Portal 8.5 System Administration Core A
Test Code : C2040-421
Test denomination : IBM WebSphere Portal 8.5 System Administration Core A
Vendor denomination : IBM
real questions : 58 real Questions
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A carrier-Oriented architecture (SOA) is without problems an IT architectural fashion that allows for applications to subsist built to aid cutting-edge company needs of flexibility and integration. Flexibility allows a enterprise to exchange and adapt. Integration emphasizes the conversation and interplay of trade techniques from end-to-conclusion, both internally and externally with purchasers and suppliers.
IBM WebSphere Portlet manufacturing unit is share of the IBM SOA groundwork and supports the "assemble part" of the SOA life cycle. setting up a SOA utility really comprises creating a carrier issuer model and a carrier purchaser mannequin. additional SOA elements include disconnected advocate by means of stub provider fashions, automatic provider trying out, fundamental carrier documentation, dynamic carrier mapping, and service interface guide.
IBM WebSphere Portal is share of the IBM SOA foundation and supports the "installation part" of the SOA lifestyles cycle. The set up section comprises a blend of developing the internet hosting ambiance to your applications and in reality deploying these applications. IBM WebSphere Portal is a internet hosting environment for the user interaction common sense of your SOA utility. IBM WebSphere Portal gives you the user interface to SOA. further SOA points include gaining access to web features from portlets, web functions for remote portlet (WSRP), integrating trade tactics, and composite functions.
via connecting/integrating an organization's supplies including americans, applications, trade procedures, and content, IBM WebSphere Portlet manufacturing unit and IBM WebSphere Portal construct portals that provide comprehensive interaction and collaboration functions.
July 31, 2008 10:fifty four ET
ARMONK, the Big apple--(Marketwire - July 31, 2008) - Led with the aid of tough revenue of IBM (NYSE: IBM) Lotus Notes and Domino 8 within the second quarter of 2008, IBM's Lotus application enterprise outgrew Microsoft by means of successful thousands and thousands of consumer seats global in direct competition with Microsoft, aided through key wins over its Redmond-based compete in emerging markets.
IBM's emerging markets represented 18 percent of IBM's ordinary geographic revenue in the 2d quarter of 2008, and collectively grew 21 p.c as suggested. moreover, the Brazil, Russia, India and China subset grew 31 % in the second quarter, led by way of mighty growth in India.
amongst those client wins changed into Lotus' biggest Asian consumer rendezvous thus far -- a Big financial institution licensing 300,000 Lotus Notes seats in addition to Lotus Symphony, IBM's free own productivity utility according to the the OpenDocument structure. Lotus Symphony has been downloaded via over 1.three million people and agencies, together with scores of Microsoft workplace clients. clients that selected Lotus Notes and Domino over Microsoft in key markets covered Max ny life, Reliance Industries, Vedanta, and Aviva in India; GD building financial institution, Johnson electric, HKG Environ give protection to, CED, DL Cosco Shipyard in China; Affin bank and Trakando in Singapore; and Russian Railways in Russia.
"commercial enterprise shoppers -- principally many entire of a sudden-becoming businesses in rising global markets -- are deciding on Lotus software for its open, supple design," said Bob Picciano prevalent manager, Lotus application. "These organizations resolve on open specifications over the limitations of legacy proprietary know-how for their long-term collaboration investments."
The second quarter noticed the largest historical client win for Lotus in North america as well. A member of the so-called "big six" accounting/consulting corporations purchased greater than 150,000 seats of the total Lotus portfolio, identifying Lotus Notes, Lotus Sametime, Lotus Connections, IBM Lotus Quickr and WebSphere Portal over Microsoft trade and SharePoint, among different items. other gigantic agencies that selected Lotus Notes and other Lotus application over Microsoft items protected a pair of leading banks in the U.S., the UK and Germany, as well as the Australian government.
different consumers who Have these days invested in Lotus Notes and different Lotus software over the competitors encompass client items colossal Colgate-Palmolive, chemical brand Ineos of Belgium, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration, NutraFlo, Dutch Railways, Rohm Haas, Imerys and the Salvation army. in particular stirring to Lotus Notes 8 Have been CFE Compagnie d'businesses of France, Virginia Commonweath institution, Winsol overseas, The U.S. usual features Administration, the U.S. inner income provider, general insurance, original york life, Kentucky Baptist convention, Verizon, Publishers Printing, Hyatt lodges, Union Pacific and Nationwide insurance.
Many clients of entire sizes are questioning their investments in legacy Microsoft software items. Migrating to original versions of Microsoft trade has confirmed to subsist a frightening and expensive assignment. Ferris research lately posted a record (exchange 2007 Implementation issues, December 2007) that indicated 70% of Microsoft valued clientele felt that migrating to trade 2007 became either "complex or Very difficult."
big companies are involved with the possibility of upgrading to Microsoft's Vista operating gadget and persevered elevated percentage of IT prices devoted to personal computers amid challenging economic situations. in the meantime, extra strategic IT investments that may spur correct-line income increase fade unfunded and unrealized.
more and more, both public and private sector businesses are looking at open alternatives equivalent to IBM Lotus Symphony and other solutions from OpenOffice.org. One such company that's making the change to Lotus Symphony is the Anglican Church of Australia, which mentioned publicly that it'll maintain an estimated AU$one hundred fifty,000 a yr.
industry analysts credit Lotus with a more ingenious, open portfolio that gives businesses freedom of option, lower IT fees, and extra insightful employee tools. for example, the trade's first enterprise companionable networking product, IBM Lotus Connections, doubled its customer groundwork this 12 months after debuting as the quickest growing original IBM application product in 2007. at the recent trade 2.0 conference in Boston, attendees witnessed a demonstration assessment pitting IBM Lotus Connections towards Microsoft SharePoint. Moderator Mike Gotta of the Burton neighborhood summed up the audience's reaction in his blog, "Collaborative thinking." He wrote, "IBM became the lucid winner throughout the board. possibly Microsoft underestimated IBM. And in some cases, choice-makers are extra open to as a minimum considering that alternate options they might no longer Have even entertained earlier than (which might subsist respectable word for IBM and Jive in selected)."
IBM Lotus Sametime, IBM's platform for unified communications and collaboration, vaulted to over a hundred million individual licensed seats within the second quarter with one-third of revenue going to Microsoft customers. IBM WebSphere Portal software with web 2.0 know-how has received marketshare leadership for seven consecutive years via leading research firms, Gartner and IDC (see divorce free up today). Lotus has additionally launched original items within the software mashup, computer appliance, and utility-as-a-carrier classes.
With 15 consecutive quarters of salary increase, IBM's flagship Lotus Notes and Domino products has been transformed into a supple utensil that consolidates the individual's work world onto one monitor, employs internet 2.0 technologies and reduces time spent on email. Lotus Notes and Domino adoption has grown to more than 140 million licenses with positive factors across small-medium enterprise, greater than half of the biggest 100 firms in the world, 80 p.c of the excellent 10 global agencies in banking, telecommunications, aerospace and defense, consumer products, electronics, insurance, and pharmaceuticals.
For more information, tickle seek recommendation from: www.ibm.com/lotus/notesdomino
I Have a customer right here at Hungary. They wanted from us to finish a WebSphere healtcheck on its creation ambiance, and furthermore Have a glance on its monitoring system to build it greater unquestionable and comfy. consumer has a Tivoli Monitoring equipment, however the creation WebSphere environment doesn't Have a proper neither ITCAM nor SNMP agent configured for monitoring.
given that the customer is running specially on WebSphere application Server version eight.5.0.1 and better apart from some servers (for instance WebSphere Portal and company procedure supervisor which might subsist the utilize of changed into eight.0) it turned into an exemplar preference to utilize the became’ original SNMP agent, shipped with the product itself.
To clarify the transformations between WebSphere SNMP agent and ITCAM for WebSphere.
considering the fact that customer desires to display screen such basic metrics dote CPU usage, uptime, JVM pile measurement and a few pool supplies, the SNMP agent appeared a much better preference for them.must haves
As i mentioned in the Introduction part, the WebSphere built-in SNMP agent may furthermore subsist used handiest if you are operating become version 126.96.36.199 and higher. I Have under no circumstances tried to configure it on outdated edition. then again, SNMP agent can furthermore subsist used handiest in ND ambiance, so standalone servers are out of scope for the time being.
So if in case you Have either standalone servers, or running edition prior eight.5, you Have just one preference if you wish to computer screen: ITCAM for WebSphere.
You should allow PMI for the server which you want to computer screen as a minimum primary stage. in case you are not bound, that you may examine it on the admin console through navigating the Monitoring and Tuning > performance Monitoring Infrastructure (PMI) page and resolve the node the belt your server is. build certain that checkbox labeled as permit performance Monitoring Infrastructure and at least basic degree is determined inner the at the second monitored statistic set area.
Supported platforms are:
smartly, the configuration is pretty simple and described in the product KnowledgeCenter (see resources area), but not as lucid as i thought. So let’s walk through together on it and you may examine my comments as well. :)
observe: I Have a demo ambiance within IBM Hungary’s office, and this playground operating on RHEL 6.four x64 (Santiago) and was edition is 188.8.131.52 (see below).put in Product––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––name: IBM WebSphere utility Server community DeploymentVersion: 184.108.40.206 id ND construct plane cf091608.05Build Date: 2/25/16Package: com.ibm.websphere.ND.v85_8.5.5009.20160225_0435Architecture: x86–sixty four (64 bit)installed points:IBM 64-bit WebSphere SDK for JavaWebSphere utility Server complete Profile EJBDeploy device for pre-EJB 3.0 modulesEmbeddable EJB containerStand-on my own skinny shoppers and useful resource adapters installing the agent
In my environment, I Have a dedicated node for the SNMP agents to divorce them from the nodes which consists of servers/clusters. It isn't neccessary, I prefer this manner and preserve issues cleanly and clean. My comprehensive topology appears dote here:My aboriginal environment’s topology
ok, let’s net started.
ok, so they Have a deployed SNMP agent, now it’s time to configure it. tickle subsist aware, that an SNMP agent can computer screen only one server at a time, so if you Have a cluster with four servers on two nodes with a deployment supervisor, and furthermore you requisite to computer screen entire server instances, you ought to deploy 4 SNMP agent for the servers, 2 SNMP agents for the nodeagents, and 1 SNMP agent for the Deployment manager.
The agent configuration is itsy-bitsy however uncomfortable, because you Have to edit three XML information below the Deployment manager config listing. A sole SNMP agent has three XML info on here direction:<dmgr profile>/config/cells/<cellphone identify>/nodes/<node name>servers/<server name>/. earlier than editing these data, it’s a estimable thought to create a backup.agentConfig.xml
The agentConfig file contains entire of the neccessary configuration for the agent itself. Host identify, port, username and password, just the basic stuff. here is my configuration:<?xml version=”1.0" encoding=”UTF-8"?> <agentConfig brokers=”WsSNMP” name=”WsSNMPAGENT” registryPort=”1135"> <metadata mibs=”nh-smi.smi,rfc1213-mib.mib,rmon-mib.mib,snmpv2-tc.mib,tokenring-rmon-mib.mib,websphere-mib.mib,rmon2-mib.mib” mibsFolder=”homes/mibs”/> <WsSNMP Behaviors=”getScalars,getCollection,getControl,getCounter,getData,getTrapDestinations” ipAddress=”10.106.12.13" jmxConfigFile=”jmxConfig.xml” snmpPort=”10162" views=”V1" authMode=”MD5" password=”******” user=”snmpagent” > <V1 communityNames=”public” jmacfgFiles=”oid.out” trapConfig=”trapConfig.xml”/> <getScalars type=”com.ibm.ws.pmi.snmp.behaviors.GetScalarsBehavior” oid=”1.three.220.127.116.11.1918.104.22.168.0"/> <getCollection type=”com.ibm.ws.pmi.snmp.behaviors.GetCollectionBehavior” oid=”22.214.171.124.4.1.19126.96.36.199.1.2"/> <getControl classification=”com.ibm.ws.pmi.snmp.behaviors.GetControlBehavior” oid=”1.three.188.8.131.52.19184.108.40.206.1.2"/> <getCounter classification=”com.ibm.ws.pmi.snmp.behaviors.GetCounterBehavior” oid=”1.three.220.127.116.11.1918.104.22.168.1.2"/> <getData class=”com.ibm.ws.pmi.snmp.behaviors.GetDataBehavior” oid=”1.three.22.214.171.124.19126.96.36.199.1.1"/> <getTrapDestinations class=”com.ibm.ws.pmi.snmp.behaviors.TrapDestinationBehavior” oid=”1.three.188.8.131.52.sixteen.184.108.40.206"/> </WsSNMP> </agentConfig>
in this file, you ought to seize examine after the following homes:
The jmxConfig file is accountable to configure the connectivity to the preferred server illustration.<?xml edition=”1.0" encoding=”UTF-8"?> <jmxConfig connectorType=”cleaning soap” safety=”yes” serverTypes=”SOAPmbeanServer RMImbeanServer”> <SOAPmbeanServer address=”localhost” port=”8885" consumer=”admin” password=”*****” connectorSOAPConfig=”file:/decide/IBM/WebSphere/AppServer/profiles/TamasCustom01/residences/soap.customer.props” keyStore=”/decide/IBM/WebSphere/AppServer/profiles/TamasDmgr01/and so forth/DummyClientKeyFile.jks” ksPassword=”*****” trustStore=”/choose/IBM/WebSphere/AppServer/profiles/TamasDmgr01/and so forth/DummyClientTrustFile.jks” tsPassword=”******” sampleInterval=”60" > </SOAPmbeanServer> <RMImbeanServer tackle=”localhost” port=”2804" user=”admin” password=”*****” connectorRMIConfig=”file:$sas.customer.props” sslRMIConfig=”file:$ssl.customer.props” sampleInterval=”60"> </RMImbeanServer> <mbean> <collection counterMode=”automatic” counters=”” expression=”.*”/> </mbean> </jmxConfig>
This section is reasonably smartly documented in the KnowledgeCenter apart from two attributes: the trustStore and the keyStore. In typical instances turned into the usage of its personal trustStore and keyStore which is in p12 format and can subsist discovered inside the config listing of the Deployment manager. besides the fact that children, the agent can't utilize these files because the invalid format. The agent most efficient able to consume JKS stores (Java KeyStore). in an exertion to obtain a amend configuration which you could simply utilize the DummyKey and Have aplomb outlets interior the Deployment supervisor. The confiscate course is in my case changed into: <Dmgr profile root>/and many others/DummyClient<have faith|Key>File.jkstrapConfig.xml
if you way for using traps, here's right vicinity for you. lamentably, i'm not going to cowl this section in this weblog submit.<?xml edition=”1.0" encoding=”UTF-eight"?> <tns:TrapDestinations xmlns:tns=”http://www.ibm.com/schema/WsT/SNMPSchema/TRAPConfig/” xmlns:xsi=”http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-example” xsi:schemaLocation=”http://www.ibm.com/schema/WsT/SNMPSchema/TRAPConfig/TrapConfig.xsd „> <TrapDestination neighborhood=”public” index=”1" identify=”$Explorer” protocol=”1" repute=”1" version=”2"> <HostName></HostName> <Port></Port> </TrapDestination> </tns:TrapDestinations>
that you may utilize my config files as a template for your environment.starting the agent
k, ultimately they configured their agent, it’s time to delivery. but before they are able to rise it, just in case execute a complete resynchronize command for the node where the SNMP agent resides. To try this:
As that you could see, my SNMP agent entire started and connected to my server node operating on a different profile. It’s a superb apply to investigate the agent the utilize of netstat to validate the listening status on the configure snmpPort (10162).Tracing
In typical instances, the agent is not definitely a speaking category man. however he has a headache. So with the intent to give the remedy, you Have to build him talk. a mighty deal. So being critical, enabling the trace isn't as smooth as a traditional was server. You must create a properties file, you then ought to modify the JVM general arguments, nothing particular simply uncomfortable. Let’s finish this.
first off, you requisite to create a properties file with the following entries.traceFileName=stdout com.ibm.ws.pmi.snmp.*=all=enabled com.tivoli.snmp.*=all=enabled
When your file is created, you must upload it to someplace in your server. often I favor to shop info on the special directories where intended to be, so I copied the file to my <SNMP node profile>/properties/ directory.
The closing step is to configure the SNMP Agent adding some common JVM arguments to the agent, then restart. To increase the agent with those properties, on the admin console navigate to the Servers > Server types > widespread Servers > Your SNMP server > technique Definition > Java digital computing device web page and add right here strains to the conventional JVM arguments textarea. seize take imbue of the white spaces and enters. One credit per line.-DtraceSettingsFile=/opt/IBM/WebSphere/AppServer/profiles/TamasSNMP01/residences/SNMPTrace.houses-Djava.util.logging.manager=com.ibm.ws.bootstrap.WsLogManager-Djava.util.logging.configureByServer=authentic JVM arguments
Now you Have to Terminate the server and open when terminated. if your trace configuration is correct, the trace degree messages should soundless look in the SystemOut.log. A hint should soundless loom to subsist this:regular WebSphere dote trace circulation
If debug messages are no longer required for your atmosphere, simply purge the traditional JVM arguments from the configuration and restart your agent.trying out
ultimate however not least, open a monitoring utility (for instance MIB Explorer or MibBrowser) and try to connect with the SNMP agent. subsist aware: entire of the required suggestions for the connection can furthermore subsist institute in the agentConfig.xml file (together with the username and password as smartly). So, hook up with your SNMP agent and let’s execute an SNMPWALK against it. In MibBrowser which you can navigate to the WEBSPHERE-MIB > networkharmoni > purposes > webSphere > wsCounterTable > wsCounterEntry > wsCounterName. confiscate click on the las one and execute an SNMPWALK. Voilá! You obtained the names of these PMI attributes, which is at the second enabled on the monitored server (in my case here is the basic credit set).MIB files
if your monitoring application and/or crew question you to provide the neccessary MIB data, you could download them from the <changed into binary root>/properties/mibs directory. simply download them and supply to requestor. These are the necessary info (complete 7):
These are just the fundamentals. which you can taking share in aroung to high-quality tune your monitoring situations (taking share in around the MBeans) and entice definitions. i hope this weblog entry helped you a bit or lot, and saved a while for you. This configuration took me very nearly per week which is insane (notably in case you believe how advanced basically as well).
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Russell L. Jones
In the organized chaos of e-business advocate systems, enterprise access management (EAM) vendors converse they proffer the "Holy Grail" of security: a sole sign-on (SSO) solution that authenticates users to your Web portal and authorizes access to faultfinding back-end applications.
But your quest doesn't quit when you purchase an EAM solution. There is no miracle in that box.
The benefits of EAM are clear. Market-leading products from Netegrity, RSA Security, IBM/Tivoli and others provide faultfinding security and management functions including role-based access control, content personalization, user self-registration and hooks into other security products, such as firewalls, provisioning systems and IDSes. Many EAM solutions can ply multiple authentication options (e.g., user ID/passwords, digital certificates, authentication tokens) and several types of user repositories (LDAP, RACF, NT, etc.). These solutions furthermore proffer auditing services and intuitive Web-based interfaces for user and resource management. In short, you can build a compelling trade case for EAM, and thousands of organizations are rolling out these solutions today.
Despite these and other benefits, making EAM software work in a heterogeneous enterprise is a tangled challenge. Whether your organization is a bank, a health imbue provider, an insurance agency or another trade enterprise, unanticipated issues are almost confident to impact rollout. Getting the most bang for your buck requires significant up-front architectural planning and design, infrastructure investments, process reengineering, training and a change leadership strategy. The bottom line is that implementation is neither as simple nor as smooth as some vendors would Have you believe.The Benefits: What EAM Can Do
EAM products can bring order to what is often a chaotic Web-based enterprise system. Understanding the core capabilities of these products will aid you match your trade requirements to the right solution and build the case for purchase.
1. sole sign-on can subsist achieved across Web-based applications. SSO has been an elusive goal for security practitioners since the advent of client/server computing. Prior to the Internet, a number of products -- typically based on tangled scripting languages-attempted to address SSO for mainframe, midrange and client-server environments. Behind the scenes, these products were actually storing the user IDs and passwords of each user for each application that they needed to access. In tangled IT environments, implementation was difficult and administration onerous.
EAM products address this issue in different ways. Netegrity's SiteMinder 4.6 and RSA's ClearTrust SecureControl 4.6.1 (formerly owned by Securant Technologies) provide SSO across Web applications residing on different Web servers -- within the same domain only -- using a secure, nonpersistent, encrypted cookie on the client interface. Assuming that each of the Web servers is protected by an agent, the cookie is presented to each application that the user wants to access.
IBM/Tivoli's Policy Director 3.7.1 takes a different approach. A secure credential is built for the user on Policy Director's WebSeal, a transpose proxy that sits in front of the Web server. The credential is presented each time a user attempts to access Policy Director-protected Web applications.
Each of these three vendors is planning on supporting both the cookie- and proxy-based SSO methods in upcoming releases.
2. Authorization logic can subsist abstracted out of the applications. EAM solutions provide basic centralized authorization to give users access to multiple Web-based applications. For example, Tivoli's Policy Director provides an "entitlement" service that will dynamically build a list of entire applications that a user is "authorized" to access.
The entitlement page is built once the user has been authenticated by Policy Director. Policy Director may protect dozens of applications, but the user will only see links to the applications that he is "entitled" to access.
SecureControl 4.6.1 has a particularly spicy feature for authorization called "Smart Rules," which provide "dynamic permissioning." This means SecureControl can change a user's authorizations at runtime based on variable data, such as current credit balance.
3. Content can subsist personalized. EAM-based content personalization can change the access interface or system actions based on user information. For example, when a user attempts to access a Web application, additional information (attributes) can subsist passed to deliver a personalized response. For instance, if User A belongs to the Senior Payroll Analyst group, his HTML page will display four buttons for four different types of payroll transactions to subsist executed. If User B belongs to the Junior Payroll Analyst group, he will see only two buttons.
Developers can code the application to build utilize of this capability. One state health imbue agency, for example, made this a fundamental requirement for Web-based access to three key applications for customers and employees.
In order to extend this functionality, many EAM vendors are working on developing hooks into gauge portal applications such as Epicentric, PlumTree, BroadVision, Vignette and ATG. Netegrity recently acquired DataChannel, a portal vendor.
4. Administration functions can subsist delegated. One of the most valuable features of EAM solutions is the talent to delegate security administration. This is particularly valuable when you want to delegate authority for a hosted application to a trade partner.
The leading EAM solutions entire Have robust delegated administration capabilities. RSA's ClearTrust Secure Control excels in this, and Netegrity has significantly improved this office in Delegated Management Services 2.0.
The potential cost savings could subsist significant depending on how many trade partners would otherwise subsist centrally administered.Caveats: What EAMs Can't Do
Though EAM solutions Have impressive capabilities, they furthermore Have limitations. Knowing these shortcomings will aid you set realistic expectations, build smart purchasing decisions and way for integration.
1. It's not plug-and-play. Some EAM vendors crow about how quickly their product can subsist up and running out of the box. In one case, a vendor claimed that they could finish it in under a day at the client's site. What the vendor didn't converse was that meant a stand-alone NT server connected to no applications, with only a pair of test users.
The reality is that much planning, architecture and design is needed to implement any of the EAM solutions in a tangled environment:
Even "simple" implementations will visage issues that impact the project. For example, one insurance company required Web-based authentication to a sole application only, without tangled levels of authorization. Nevertheless, the firm soundless had plenty of tangled integration issues to deal with.
2. EAM doesn't deliver tangled authorizations out of the box. No EAM product addresses tangled authorization logic without customization. The degree of custom authorization code depends on the EAM solution and the complexity of your application. Often, custom code in the application will subsist needed to invoke the authorization engine through the vendor API, which could require a significant amount of development.
3.Cross-domain interoperability is a problem. One of the biggest gaps in the EAM space is the inability to pass security credentials between different EAM/custom Web security solutions. In a likely scenario, a customer logs on to your Web portal, protected by EAM Solution A, to conduct a transaction. But information needed to complete the transaction must subsist obtained from a trade partner's site, protected by EAM Solution B. When the customer clicks your trade partner's link within your portal, he will most likely subsist required to re-authenticate, since the security credential generated by one product isn't recognized by the other.
An XML-based protocol, SAML, is being developed to address this issue (more on this later).People and Processes Count
Perhaps the biggest block to EAM deployment is underestimating the scope of the project.
EAM solutions impact three faultfinding parts of any business: people, process and technology. Typically, the technology gets most of the attention and the people and processes are given short shrift. If that happens, the project will falter, and the results won't approach the goals for the implementation, at least not without a lot of extra time, money and aggravation. Focusing on three faultfinding areas before implementation begins will aid assure success:
Deploying EAM involves everyone from systems managers and developers to quit users. A change leadership strategy should include a communications plan, a training way and a stakeholder analysis. Everyone in the organization should understand their roles and responsibilities and receive confiscate training.Learned in the Trenches: Making EAM Work
There are several basic steps that lay the foundation for a smooth and successful EAM deployment.
1. Invest time in architectural analysis and design. EAM implementation can Have a profound result on current and future IT architectures. Understanding how EAM will subsist integrated will carryweight getting it right the first time. Key architectural elements to account include:
Assuming you are integrating multiple applications, you'll want your LDAP schema to subsist complete on the first pass. Analyzing applications that will near under the EAM umbrella will expose common data elements that determine authorization decisions. Such a data factor may subsist a user role that means the same exact thing to multiple applications (e.g., "claims adjuster"). The results of this analysis will subsist direct inputs into the schema design for the EAM product's user repository (e.g., LDAP).
Without this analysis, the schema design will most likely subsist tightly coupled with the first application integrated with the EAM product. When the second and third applications are on deck for deployment, the schema will Have to subsist modified to accommodate those applications' authentication and authorization requirements. That, in turn, could require recoding the first application. The result is delay, and a lot of extra time and money.
2. expect bugs. Fastest to market wins. Software vendors ramp up their evolution cycle to beat the competition to market. property assurance suffers, and the result is often software bugs.
It's reasonable to expect to encounter bugs and way for them in an EAM implementation. Vendors conduct much of their testing in greenfield environments. Even with tough testing and QA, vendors will never subsist able to find every bug simply because of the diversity and complexity of the IT environments in which their products are deployed.
The project way should allow adequate time for unit and string testing the solution. The string testing of the EAM solution should subsist linked to the application's string testing, and thus coordinated with the application deployment team.
3. Double estimates for evolution efforts. Much of the excitement surrounding EAM is the promise that authorization logic can subsist abstracted from applications and deployed within the EAM solution. In theory, this would deliver on evolution effort, since reusable authorization logic could subsist invoked by any application that needed it. But EAM products aren't yet at this stage. way on a lot of evolution time.
The most efficient way to determine how much evolution exertion is required is to collect entire of the functional authentication and authorization requirements for the applications to subsist integrated. Combined with utilize cases describing how the application will work, the functional security requirements should provide a estimable assess of the evolution time, including custom security coding. As a rule of thumb, double that estimate. It's not unusual for tangled EAM rollouts to seize several months from purchase to initial launch.
4. Create gauge interfaces. Many EAM solutions provide security APIs to enable applications to invoke security functionality beyond what you net out of the box. But these aren't gauge APIs, so way on a learning curve for developers. More importantly, the application itself will subsist bound to that API, so the application code must subsist rewritten if one EAM solution is replaced with another, or if the application/platform is upgraded to a original release.
Creating an application isolation layer via gauge interfaces will reduce the requisite for costly and time-consuming re-engineering by shielding applications from vendor-specific code.
Looking ahead, an extension to the Java security model called Java Authentication and Authorization Service (JAAS) addresses this issue.
5. Build security from the bottom up. Many organizations don't net the complete capitalize of EAM because there isn't a well-defined design for the security process that exploits the complete ambit of EAM authorization functionality. Or, sometimes the security design isn't integrated with the application evolution team's systems evolution life cycle (SDLC).
In either case, the evolution team will subsist hard-pressed to fade back and redesign its application if and when security requirements are introduced. Changing requirements for a Web-based cash management application, for example, hindered integration at a major banking institution. The result is detain or, worse, a deployment that only takes handicap of the product's basic authentication features.
Contrast this with a success story-a site in which the security process was integrated into the evolution team's SDLC from the earliest stages of evolution planning. This "security-aware" SDLC was accessible to the organization's evolution community via their intranet. At each facet of the SDLC, the EAM implementation team guided the developers through the apposite security process points. The result was a robust EAM implementation, unimpeded by changing requirements.Where Is EAM Technology Headed?
As EAM solutions evolve, expect principal original features, functionality and integration with complementary security technologies.
Interoperability among EAM products is a problem in search of a solution. It's faultfinding to establish a way to jump from a host Web site to a trade partner's Web site without having to re-authenticate. EAM vendors such as Oblix, IBM/Tivoli, Netegrity, RSA Security, Entrust and Entegrity are working on an XML solution for the exchange of authentication and authorization information among EAM products.
The protocol, renowned above, is called Security Assertion Markup Language (SAML), and is being sponsored by the Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (OASIS). SAML defines a common language for describing authentication and authorization "assertions." ultimate fall, Netegrity released a Java-based SAML developer toolkit called JSAML.
As mentioned above, Java Authentication and Authorization Service (JAAS) enables developers to implement authentication and access control functionality while minimizing vendor-specific coding within the application. This will allow customers to switch EAM vendors and/or upgrade their applications or platforms without extensive recoding. Leading EAM vendors such as IBM/Tivoli and Netegrity already provide advocate for JAAS.
Application server authentication and authorization will subsist employed by EAM products to provide granular access control out of the box. Many high-end application servers -- such as BEA's WebLogic Enterprise edition and iPlanet's Application Server Enterprise Edition -- provide their own aboriginal authentication and authorization security mechanisms. However, these mechanisms can only subsist leveraged by the applications written on the application server platform. Thus, other platforms, such as client/server and legacy systems, would soundless requisite to subsist secured and managed by yet another security solution.
When an application server's security system is integrated with an EAM vendor's solution, the result is one centrally managed, policy-based security solution that allows security policy to subsist applied and managed across Web-based, client/server and legacy applications. Examples of this benevolent of integration are between IBM/Tivoli's Policy Director with IBM's WebSphere, Entegrity's AssureAccess and RSA's ClearTrust SecureControl's with BEA's WebLogic application server, and Oblix's NetPoint with iPlanet's application server.
Other EAM enhancements on the horizon include:
These global enhancements, coupled with the evolution of specific product features, bolster the case for EAM. With the right amount of intelligence and effort, EAM becomes a viable security solution for today's e-business, with the promise of better things to come.Goliaths Vie for 'Net SSO Supremacy
Microsoft and Sun Microsystems are pumping compete plans for global SSO authentication to prime commerce on the Internet. Consumer and trade users would Have a sole profile that would vouchsafe access to services across the 'Net, using any platform.
Microsoft's Passport, share of its .NET My Services initiative, already has a foundation of 165 million accounts, amassed largely from automatic registrations signing up for Hotmail and Instant Messaging. The company's latest OS, Windows XP, continually prompts users to register for this service.
Sun's Liberty Alliance, announced in October, started with 50 companies, including Bank of America, GM and United Airlines. The Alliance would allow a user to badge up at a secure interface and access customized information services.
AOL Time Warner, the third player in the arena, hopes to leverage its 31 million subscribers to build its Magic Carpet the standard.Health imbue case study: The personal touch
RSA's SecureControl makes delegated administration a no-brainer.
Health imbue providers are particularly sensitive to security because of federally mandated protection of patient information under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). Transmitting sensitive medical data across the Internet, intranets and extranets leaves no margin for error.
A state government chose RSA Security's ClearTrust SecureControl 4.6.1 because it delivers on EAM's value in providing delegated administration and personalization. When the job was done, both patients and internal users had secure, sole sign-on access to applications of three state-run health imbue providers through a Web portal. Authorization and personalization for entire three applications was managed via dynamic, customized JSP Web pages.
Delegated administration is a major power of SecureControl. Its module provides an easy-to-use Web interface to create users quickly. This office can subsist delegated to other administrators within an organization or at a trade confederate site, which relieves the affliction of routine functions from central administration and can reduce costs substantially over time. The robustness and flexibility of the Delegated Administration module Have earned elevated marks in the industry, making it a estimable match for this agency.
Using the SecureControl JDK library, the agency added a custom-built delegated administration Web interface to its gauge user interface. SecureControl's delegated administration provided procedures that conformed to agency security policy.
There was an issue with personalization, however. The agency's Web page personalization displays the user's complete denomination and dynamically filters links, so the user sees only what he's authorized to access. SecureControl's Runtime API was used to filter the links, but couldn't drag basic user information, such as first and ultimate name, from its LDAP user repository. The agency used SecureControl's Admin API to complete the task, which made the JSP pages heavier, since it was making calls to both objects. Also, the Admin API is used to result faultfinding changes to user data, and employing it in this context made the pages more sensitive.
The agency's user store was another major issue, since Secure Control doesn't Have aboriginal advocate for LDAP v3-compliant directories. Secure Control provides for data synchronization between Oracle and LDAP, so the solution user information was replicated in an Oracle database. However, this made managing and manipulating data attributes difficult. RSA plans aboriginal LDAP v3 advocate in its next release to address this problem.Case study: Insuring success
Insurance company's "simple" Policy Director implementation shows the requisite to expect the unexpected.
There's no such thing as a simple EAM implementation. There's no such thing as plug-and-play.
The installation of IBM/Tivoli's Policy Director 3.7.1 at a major insurance company was about as straightforward as an EAM deployment can get: net Policy Director up and running with one e-business application within nine weeks. Still, there were significant obstacles to deployment. The implementation team met the deadline -- but not without some smart -- and eventually integrated additional applications.
As with many EAM deployments, the insurance company was a "traditional" trade that wanted to expand its e-business component. To finish so, it needed to simplify access and authorization -- securely. The company started with what was, in effect, a pilot project for Policy Director. The firm required authentication to a Web-based version of a mainframe quoting application used by customer services representatives and insurance agents to process automobile insurance quotes. The security integration for the e-business application was fairly simple, using only the most basic EAM capabilities. Policy Director only authenticated the user against the LDAP, while the Java servlet that handled security continued to check if the user was authorized to see the quote.
Since Policy Director is a transpose proxy product -- compared to the agent-based SiteMinder and SecureControl -- it doesn't matter what sort of Web server is being protected. That's a Big plus for potential users concerned about advocate for existing platforms. In this case, since both the Web and application servers were furthermore IBM products, the point may subsist moot, but it opens a lucid path to bring in other products.
Out of the box, Policy Director provides an authentication layer for applications, with its WebSeal sitting in front of the Web server. Ironically, in an end-to-end IBM environment, the first issue arose when the junction between the WebSeal and IBM WebSphere application server was created. The company was unable to create a connection between the browser and the quoting application on the application server. This turned out to subsist a mapping issue resulting from an undocumented configuration detail. Updating WebSphere's Virtual Host mapping tables solved the problem.
Core dumps on one of the WebSeals brought the system down and carve connections to protected back-end resources on two occasions. Redundant WebSeals, along with frequent monitoring, mitigated the problem. IBM/Tivoli says it addresses the issue in its original release, Policy Director 3.8.
Policy Director did a penniless job of allowing user attributes to subsist added to provide granular access control, but has furthermore addressed this in v3.8. Policy Director automatically provided two variables, IV-User and IV-Groups (user and group/role IDs), which were passed as HTTP headers to the back-end application. Policy Director recognized only user ID, password and a few other attributes within the LDAP.
SiteMinder and SecureControl provide out-of-the-box talent to define custom user attributes for authentication and authorization.Case study: Banking on a solution
Financial institution cashes in on Netegrity's SiteMinder.
Financial institutions are prime candidates for EAM deployment. tangled levels of authorization are required for internal employees and customers dealing with everything from checking accounts to multi-million dollar trade loans.
The financial institution for this case study is an older organization that has grown slowly into e-commerce as a way to enhance more traditional methods of doing business. The bank wanted to deploy a Web-based application to allow individual and corporate customers to access original repositories as well as legacy systems.
Specifically, the bank wanted to develop a Web-based version of a cash management application on a WebSphere application server. The firm chose Netegrity's SiteMinder 4.5 to provide sole sign-on access and authorization.
When rolling out SiteMinder, the bank learned some valuable lessons the hard way. EAM security should always subsist integrated as share of the evolution way before coding begins. In the bank's case, numerous changes in functional requirements for the cash management application -- a profile of "project creep" -- slowed the SiteMinder integration. Application development, particularly custom coding to authorize user requests through the EAM API, was inextricably bound to the integration. Changes in requirements had a cascading impact on implementation.
Difficulties with the configuration and maintenance of the WebSphere server, used for evolution of the application integration code, caused the most significant integration issues. Documentation was penniless and configuration clumsy.
The SiteMinder agent for IBM HTTP servers was custom built for this project (support for IBM HTTP is included in the current version, SiteMinder 4.6). SiteMinder provides plug-ins on Web servers to provide URI-level security and application server agents (ASA) to protect resources, such as servlets or Enterprise Java Beans. The plug-in/ASA intercepts calls from a browser, and the SiteMinder Policy Server checks the database to see if the requested resource is protected. If it is, the Policy Server first authenticates the user, then checks if the user is authorized to access the resource.
Several issues with SiteMinder itself highlighted the uniqueness and complexity of the deployment-and the requisite to way accordingly:
About the author:Russell L. Jones, CISSP, is a senior manager with Deloitte & Touche's Secure E-Business consulting practice.
In-DepthBuilding a Private Cloud
The thought of the private cloud provides a lot of promise, but the technology is not cheap. Here's what vendors can actually proffer today -- and how much it will cost.
The buzz about cloud computing has been deafening for the past few months. Every original startup seems to subsist using these services, and now cloud computing is even the focus of television commercials during major sporting events. The power of the cloud is undeniable. It has the talent to provide on-demand computing with itsy-bitsy up-front investment, but it can subsist extremely disruptive as well. How does an IT manager approach the cloud for infrastructure and applications?
Although some companies Have been stirring full-steam into the cloud, most develope IT organizations are just starting to examine at the cloud for possible solutions. In a tense economy, IT needs to find original ways to deliver money and subsist innovative at the same time. With the entrance of Big players dote IBM Corp. and Microsoft, the market for cloud technologies now has several competitors vying for space in companies' networks.
Outside the realm of customer- and Internet-facing applications, cloud solutions either extend internal infrastructure into an environment where IT professionals don't Have traditional management capabilities, or trek the cloud to an internal infrastructure.
IT departments Have spent years building rock-solid processes, procedures and expertise to build their data centers and the systems in them accountable and manageable. Now, promises of lower costs and better utilization are calling from the hyper-machine. Can IT departments seize the core of cloud computing and provide nimble, real-time responses to the needs of their businesses using the technology they already have? IT pros should seize a rational examine at the options, carve through the hype and ultimately deploy the cloud effectively in their organizations' infrastructures.
The Private Cloud TodayVendors are defining the private cloud, so every vendor has a different seize on the acceptation of this original approach to computing resources. The Big reasons to trek toward a private cloud include automation and utilization. Companies Have been stirring data centers toward virtualization to deliver money by increasing utilization of the computers they already own. The private cloud elevates this concept not only by virtualizing servers, but furthermore by turning virtual machines (VMs) into a pool of resources that can subsist provisioned on exact with minimal manual intervention.
In addition, it allows for a sort of on-demand response to needs by stirring resources to where they're needed quickly. Some vendors seize that model and extend it to public cloud resources and address the typical multi-tenant model to try to meet security, usability and performance concerns unique to enterprise IT. Whatever the definition, what an organization is trying to finish is harness better utilization of computing power and ease administration requirements with better control over the environment.
Vendor Assessment: AmazonMajor vendors are making their way into private cloud computing. IBM, Microsoft, VMware Inc., Amazon.com Inc., smaller companies such as Rackspace US Inc. and open source providers such as Ubuntu are entire offering (or will offer) private cloud solutions. Because "private cloud" can subsist defined in so many different ways, an IT organization will requisite to closely evaluate available solutions based upon the company's current situation and what the quit goal for each company's product will be.
Amazon launched its Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) ultimate year. It offers yet another version of the private cloud concept by not providing any internal IT framework on which to utilize existing systems. Instead, it brings its traditional -- and very successful -- cloud service to host parts of an IT infrastructure. VPC connects to the internal network via a VPN connection and host server instances on the Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2); utilizes the Amazon Elastic obscure Store (EBS) for backup and SAN-style connectivity; and monitors it entire with Amazon CloudWatch. This flexibility extends to building VMs in the cloud and adding them to the IT organization's existing directories. Meanwhile, existing network subnets and schemas are maintained. IT pros can Have customized images (that are similar to images for internal VMs) ready to deploy using Amazon Machine Images (AMIs) -- stored in the Simple Storage Service (S3) -- which builds original EC2 instances on the fly. Amazon segments these EC2 instances using virtual firewalls as well as IPsec transport security.
The Amazon option requires no up-front investment, but it does nothing to integrate current technology investments into a private cloud. This means the infrastructure is largely out of IT's control in the traditional sense. IT pros will furthermore Have to account the sensitive information storage requirements of their applications to determine whether a hosted solution meets standards set by laws such as HIPAA or Sarbanes-Oxley. Cloud vendors such as Amazon Have taken steps to address these worries, but the problems haven't necessarily gone away.
Another concern with this model is the lag time of transactions. IT pros reliance on a wide-area connection with the overhead of a VPN. Although it's possible to Have a elephantine pipe to Amazon and a very quick routing or VPN solution, it'll soundless subsist slower to access than a local data center.
Pricing for Amazon's VPC breaks down to usage and how much data is transferred. entire data is transferred in for $.10 per gigabyte -- though Amazon is waiving that charge until June 30, 2010). Transfer prices for outbound data are on a sliding scale, with the first 10TB coming at $.17 per gigabyte, the next 40TB at $.13 per gigabyte, the next 100TB at $.11 per gigabyte and $.10 per gigabyte after 150TB. The VPN connection is $.05 per hour. entire of this does not seize into consideration EC2 needs, which start at $.12 per hour for a gauge "small" instance of a Windows Server out of the North Virginia location. Prices can fade up to $4.36 per hour for a bigger, high-memory instance of a SQL Server in the California center.
As an example, assume a company needs a dozen large, on-demand Windows servers for a evolution project in the cloud over Amazon's VPC, sending 200GB and receiving 2TB of data per month. Using gold support, these cloud instances would cost roughly $1,150 per month. This is one instance of a project that might capitalize from a quick spin-up of on-demand servers, but by using those numbers, it's simple enough for IT pros to draw their own conclusions on cost.
Vendor Assessment: IBMThe IBM private-cloud product employs an on-premises private cloud as the primary option for most businesses. As is the case with most IBM products, companies really requisite to buy into the IBM approach. IBM often customizes an offering using the internal infrastructure already existing in the IT organization, even using mainframes to host cloud services. This approach involves the famed IBM consulting unit. IBM's consultants concentrate on security and governance, which keeps most of the company's cloud offerings inside the data center.
IBM isn't entire consulting and Big change, however. The IBM appliance entry into the private cloud is called CloudBurst. This is a solution based on the System x BladeCenter platform, and comes pre-installed with the cloud framework.
CloudBurst is an appliance approach to private clouds that does not utilize existing technology but rather creates a original infrastructure for deploying images and patterns. The IBM product includes an entire rack loaded up with everything necessary to net the cloud concept up and running. With its built-in talent to provision those applications on an as-needed basis, this offering integrates very well with WebSphere applications. CloudBurst furthermore allows the creation of quick macro templates, enabling the "do it once, deploy it may times" provisioning called Web Replay. In addition, it features VMware's hypervisor and the talent to meter and account for resource use. This entry-level appliance costs about $200,000, depending on the configuration.
Vendor Assessment: MicrosoftMicrosoft is charging ahead in the cloud-computing space with the rollout of Windows Azure, which is a platform as well as a way to host Windows and SQL Servers in the public cloud. Microsoft made Windows Azure "available free to evaluate" through January, and on Feb. 1 Redmond launched the platform as a paid service.
The current Windows Azure offerings are entire public cloud for now, but Microsoft recently announced private-cloud technology based on Windows Azure. For example, "Project Sydney" will enable enterprises to tie together data centers and the public Windows Azure services as share of a hybrid infrastructure, and AppFabric will allow developers to harness cloud services regardless of whether those services are on-premises or hosted in the public cloud.
As of yet, Microsoft hasn't integrated Windows Azure into this hybrid cloud model. AppFabric is already in developer preview, with Project Sydney expected to build its beta debut by the quit of 2010.
The Dynamic Data seat Toolkit for Enterprises (DDCT-E) is scheduled to subsist released during the first half of 2010. It aims to address servers, networks and storage as a sole set of available resources in the same pool, thereby reducing idle time. Automation through batch creation and provisioning of VMs is the key to the automation of the Microsoft environment. The focus is on automation of provisioning and proper tracking of those deployed resources. Microsoft provides a self-service portal along with role-based access control. Tracking and chargeback reports are furthermore available. DDCT-E will subsist free, but it integrates with Windows Server 2008 R2 Hyper-V and Microsoft System seat Virtual Machine Manager 2008, which carry sheer charge tags. Microsoft finds itself on the cusp of Big developments in the private cloud, as well as in hybrid cloud models, but it hasn't done much yet in the way of shipping products.
Vendor Assessment: VMwareVMware is providing the private cloud as an extension of its well-known virtualization platform. It relies on vSphere's talent to manage the infrastructure from thin-provisioning storage and virtual switching to vMotion on VMs, as well as storage. vSphere version 4 includes host profiles, which allow for automated configuration of entire aspects of a VM, as well as confirming compliance to that configuration. vSphere furthermore includes plenty of other advanced features, such as the talent to power down servers in a cluster when power isn't required, and then power them back up when CPUs gain maximum capacity. It can furthermore dynamically control storage through vMotion for storage, or via Volume Grow, which extends storage as needed. The VM resource pools will assign additional capacity or poise capacity based on priority according to trade rules. vSphere can provide a bridge to hosted cloud providers that utilize VMware, such as Rackspace, providing them with on-demand capacity outside of the private cloud.
vSphere pricing for Enterprise Server Plus, which includes private cloud features such as host profiles and resource-pool access control, is $3,495 per one processor with up to 12 cores.
Making the DecisionWhile a private cloud is a compelling next step for many IT departments trying to find something after virtualization, the reality is that it can subsist a significant expense that needs a solid ROI fable in order to warrant the investment. In fact, though many companies are pointing to hybrid public-private cloud models as the way to gather amend benefits of the cloud for the enterprise, IT pros soundless Have to account their security needs before they can buy into that benevolent of solution.
Skill Level: Intermediate Status: Active
Low Cost: $200 (shortest track)
Summary:For individuals who administer IBM systems, including, Lotus, IBM Workplace, WebSphere, DB2 and Informix Dynamic Server, among others.
Initial Requirements:There are 26 tracks to choose from. Most tracks require you pass one exam, however, some tracks require you hold a System Administrator certification and pass up to three exams. Exams are $200 each. Training is available but not required.
Current tracks include:WebSphere Message Broker (v 6.1, 7.0)WebSphere Application Server Network Deployment (v 6.1, 7.0, 8.0)WebSphere MQ ( v 6.0, 7.0)WebSphere Commerce (v 7.0)WebSphere Portal (6.1, 7.0)AIX (7)DB2 (9, 10) for z/OSInformix Dynamic Server (v11)Informix (11.70)IBM i (6.1)Document ManagerLotus Sametime (8.0, 8.5)Lotus Notes and Domino (8, 8.5)Lotus Quickr (8.5) for DominoLotus Quickr (8.1) for Lotus DominoLotus Quickr (8.1) for WebSphere PortalLotus Connections (2.5)Connections (3.0)
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