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One question I’m frequently asked is, “What does it seize to turn into a pharmacist?” Pharmacy is a very lucrative profession, and skilled pharmacists are always mandatory.
The most efficacious solution to become a pharmacist is by means of attending an authorized faculty of pharmacy (international pharmacists coming to the USA seize an equivalency exam). There are at present 142 schools in the u.s., and the schooling typically takes 4 years to comprehensive. Three of those years contain didactic school leeway gaining lore of, while the remaining year is dedicated to boost pharmacy succeed experience (also called rotations). Some faculties comply with a year-circular, accelerated model which condenses the pharmacy software to only three years. Pharmacy colleges moreover tender one and two-yr residencies or fellowships to specialise in fitness keeping disciplines, which many pharmacist positions will require.
The necessary amount of undergraduate coursework to drill to pharmacy school can moreover live accomplished in two years, but most college students opt to acquire a bachelor’s diploma formerly to enhance their application repute. The Pharmacy school Admission check is moreover required by using most institutions for consideration of enrollment. impregnate of pharmacy school varies drastically based on distinctive components, such as in-state or out-of-state residency as well as if the college is public or inner most. Most public schools can latitude from $12,000 to $25,000 every 12 months for in-state residents, whereas out-of-state or inner most school college students could pay $forty,000 to $fifty five,000 every yr.
One trend the pharmaceutical trade has viewed is that besides the fact that children there are nonetheless notice a handful of independent pharmacies in each city, they’ve mostly long past extinct. The competitive purchasing power of large chains has turn into too lots for unbiased community pharmacists to compete with. That being said, there are quite a number of disciplines in the pharmacy province to select from. Working for a group pharmacy (i.e. Smith’s, Walgreens, CVS, etc.) is quite lucrative for the judgement that repeatedly you are the primary health professional individuals Go to for questions and issues. There are additionally many classifications of pharmacists that work in hospitals and health amenities, reminiscent of customary inpatient, cardiology, ambulatory care, pediatric and psychiatric pharmacists to identify a number of. other than this, pharmacists may moreover ascertain work in veterinary medication, administration, consulting, informatics, research and drug earnings for manufacturers.
Some individuals may deem a pharmacy profession simplest includes filling prescriptions, but this is no longer the case. there are lots of examples of how the pharmacy career has develop into more dynamic in fresh years. Pharmacists at the moment are the primary health occupation to provide vaccines, and you can ensnare screened for some lab checks within pharmacies. additionally, many states now permit for collaborative drill agreements with prescribers. These agreements supply pharmacists the random to work closely with doctors to sequel therapeutic alterations and dose adjustments for patients after they’ve been clinically determined.
Pursuing a career in pharmacy is really helpful for many explanations. I’ve everybitof the time had Amazing job satisfaction knowing I’m helping to enhance the fitness of sufferers with the aid of making inescapable the medicines they seize are safe and advantageous. it is moneymaking knowing that as a pharmacist you're helping hold americans suit with the medicinal drugs you dispense. additionally, most pharmacists aren't on convoke 24 hours a day, which isn’t the case with other health keeping professions, which can moreover live a Big handicap when trying to equilibrium your work lifestyles and time spent with friends and family unit. The profits latitude varies, but often a pharmacist simply out of faculty can hope to sequel just over six figures. besides the fact that children, profits can boost vastly the more a pharmacist becomes really suited in particular disciplines of the occupation.
It’s not smooth to pinpoint what makes a pretty suited pharmacist. a powerful schooling in pharmacology and therapeutics in addition to astounding conversation skills to live able to work with different fitness keeping authorities and patients are key components. in spite of the answer, expectantly this helps sequel transparent the route a pharmacist takes from starting as a pupil to caring for their group.
Daniel Heller, Pharma D, is pharmacy commemorate coordinator for Smith’s meals & Drug retailers.
Alex Barker, PharmD
Alex Barker is the founding father of The satisfied PharmD, which helps pharmacists create an inspiring profession, shatter away from the mundane "tablet-flipping" existence. he's a Full-time Pharmacist, Media business founder, franchise owner, enterprise educate, Speaker, and creator. he's additionally the founding father of Pharmacy faculty HQ, which helps college students ensnare into pharmacy faculty and develop into residents.
here's a completely purposeful version of PCAT Flashcards for the Pharmacy faculty Admissions check (PCAT for short). It has handiest a few select playing cards in your evaluation. youngsters, everybitof alternate options and lines are active.
here is the Lite version for PCAT Flashcards. the total edition has over 2000 distinctive PCAT Flashcards to grasp the material to finish neatly on the PCAT to profit entrance into pharmacy college.
The program itself presents quite a few features and alternatives for a suited and effortless getting to know ambiance which encompass:
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One question I’m commonly asked is, “What does it seize to become a pharmacist?” Pharmacy is an extremely rewarding career, and skilled pharmacists are always needed.
The only passage to become a pharmacist is by attending an accredited school of pharmacy (foreign pharmacists coming to the United States seize an equivalency exam). There are currently 142 schools in the United States, and the education typically takes four years to complete. Three of these years involve didactic classroom learning, while the eventual year is dedicated to further pharmacy drill experience (also known as rotations). Some schools succeed a year-round, accelerated model which condenses the pharmacy program to only three years. Pharmacy schools moreover tender one and two-year residencies or fellowships to specialize in health keeping disciplines, which many pharmacist positions will require.
The necessary amount of undergraduate coursework to apply to pharmacy school can live completed in two years, but most students opt to obtain a bachelor’s degree beforehand to enhance their application status. The Pharmacy College Admission Test is moreover required by most institutions for consideration of enrollment. Cost of pharmacy school varies greatly based on multiple factors, such as in-state or out-of-state residency as well as if the school is public or private. Most public schools can compass from $12,000 to $25,000 each year for in-state residents, while out-of-state or private university students could pay $40,000 to $55,000 each year.
One trend the pharmaceutical industry has seen is that although there are soundless notice a handful of independent pharmacies in every city, they’ve mostly gone extinct. The competitive buying power of Big chains has become too much for independent community pharmacists to compete with. That being said, there are quite a few disciplines in the pharmacy province to select from. Working for a community pharmacy (i.e. Smith’s, Walgreens, CVS, etc.) is quite rewarding since many times you are the first health keeping provider people Go to for questions and concerns. There are moreover many classifications of pharmacists that work in hospitals and health facilities, such as universal inpatient, cardiology, ambulatory care, pediatric and psychiatric pharmacists to title a few. Aside from this, pharmacists may find work in veterinary medicine, administration, consulting, informatics, research and drug sales for manufacturers.
Some people may believe a pharmacy career only consists of filling prescriptions, but this is not the case. There are many examples of how the pharmacy profession has become more dynamic in recent years. Pharmacists are now the primary health profession to provide vaccines, and you can ensnare screened for some lab tests within pharmacies. Additionally, many states now allow for collaborative drill agreements with prescribers. These agreements give pharmacists the occasion to work closely with doctors to sequel therapeutic changes and dose adjustments for patients after they’ve been diagnosed.
Pursuing a career in pharmacy is advantageous for many reasons. I’ve always had Great job satisfaction knowing I’m helping to better the health of patients by making confident the medications they seize are safe and effective. It is rewarding knowing that as a pharmacist you are helping withhold people healthy with the medications you dispense. Additionally, most pharmacists are not on convoke 24 hours a day, which isn’t the case with other health keeping professions, which can live a major profit when trying to equilibrium your work life and time spent with friends and family. The salary compass varies, but generally a pharmacist just out of school can hope to sequel just over six figures. However, salary can enlarge greatly the more a pharmacist becomes specialized in specific disciplines of the profession.
It’s not smooth to pinpoint what makes a Great pharmacist. A stalwart education in pharmacology and therapeutics as well as superb communication skills to live able to work with other health keeping professionals and patients are key ingredients. Regardless of the answer, hopefully this helps clarify the path a pharmacist takes from starting as a student to caring for their community.
Daniel Heller, Pharma D, is pharmacy drill coordinator for Smith’s Food & Drug Stores.
Objective. To determine whether admissions data lonely adequately predicts student success in the first-year doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) curriculum or whether academic monitoring and intervention has greater value toward successful completion of first-year coursework. Methods. A systematic evaluation of the literature assessing student success was performed to ascertain historical evidence of student success metrics. They then retrospectively analyzed internal admissions data and first-year outcomes for their pharmacy classes of 2016-2019 using available data. They conducted an interim evaluation of willful academic monitoring and mentoring with the hypothesis that admission data lonely cannot foretell student success in early foundational coursework, and intentional intervention might better success. Results. Pre-pharmacy grade point indifferent (GPA), science GPA, Pharmacy College Admission Test (PCAT) score, and prior degree status each retain some predictive value regarding success, and combinations of these factors may better the capacity to foretell student success in early foundational coursework. There remains a significant, and perhaps insurmountable, gap in identifying quantitative metrics that forecast student success. Although admission data can stratify incoming students based on predicted academic ability, early monitoring and intervention provide an actionable means for enhancing student success in first-year coursework. Conclusion. Quantitative academic measures, such as PCAT scores and GPA, historically hold demonstrated limited value in predicting student success. While these measures allow stratification of predicted academic performance among incoming students, monitoring of first-year, institution-specific data, such as midterm grades, can direct intentional intervention and remediation strategies that may provide more profit to ensure students succeed.
“I’m the cleaner,” says the man wearing a ball cap and sunglasses to mask his identity.
“I help them to antiseptic up the books … fix the papers,” he says. “Make it examine nice, dote a proper pharmacy.”Ayman Mikhael pleaded guilty to Ontario’s biggest pharmacy fraud in the eventual five years. In July 2015, he admitted to overbilling ODB for $2.5 million between 2009 and 2011. (Global News)
We’ll convoke the cleaner “Ivan.” He agreed to partake details of the murky world of pharmacy fraud — a scam that costs the public millions of dollars every year, but no one knows exactly how much.
Ivan is the man pharmacists convoke when they hold been flagged for overbilling the Ontario Drug profit Program (ODB), sometimes for hundreds of thousands or even millions of dollars. He comes in and creates a paper trail to screen the fraud and ensnare pharmacists off.
The pharmacists are “scared, afraid,” when they first call, he says. “The possibility exists that they’re going to jail. It’s fraud.”
But Ivan, who has a long and well-documented history in the health-care field, “knows the system really well.” Ministry of Health auditors examine for drugs a pharmacy has billed for but never had in stock. Ivan creates fake transfers from other pharmacies to sequel those drugs issue in the inventory.
Ivan claims to hold helped disguise fraud at more than 100 Ontario pharmacies over the eventual five years. He says it’s smooth to screen the evidence, and coaches pharmacists on how to fool the auditors.
“You say, ‘Oh, I forgot about this. … They never scanned it, they never entered it. ... They transferred that medication two months ago from (another) pharmacy and it was never setaside in the system.’ ”
Sometimes the auditors give notice that they are going to inspect a pharmacy and Ivan comes and fixes the books ahead of time.
“Three hours,” is everybitof he needs, he says, chuckling. “No problem.”
The ODB pays for medications for Ontario’s most vulnerable: children, the antiquated and those on companionable assistance. When a qualified patient fills a prescription, they either don’t pay anything, or pay a few dollars and ODB covers the rest.
The program costs the province more than $5.4 billion a year.
Pharmacists bill the province every two weeks for medication dispensed to ODB patients and are paid shortly afterwards.
Dishonest pharmacists overbill by tacking drugs they never dispensed onto their bills, so they are reimbursed for more drugs than they sold. Untold millions of dollars earmarked for the sick and needy End up in their pockets instead.
A Toronto Star/Global intelligence investigation has establish a system that struggles to ensnare fraud and hold those answerable to account.
The investigation reveals:
The Ministry of Health recouped almost $40 million in overbilled payments in the eventual five years. Statistics obtained from a license of information request demonstrate that once identified, virtually everybitof overbilled amounts are recovered.
This excellent recovery rate is because, most of the time, overbilled amounts are simply “clawed back” from the next payment to the pharmacy. The recovery occurs almost immediately, often years before pharmacists visage criminal charges or disciplinary proceedings.
But while the auditors are suited at recouping what they hold found, there’s evidence to demonstrate they’re missing millions more. Ontario’s auditor universal identified $4 million of unrecovered overpayments made in 2016/2017 simply by flagging suspicious paperwork — drugs dispensed to departed patients, or birth control pills prescribed to men, for example.
And when it comes to holding pharmacists accountable — even when they admit to overbilling — the system is set up to fail.Pharmacist Eiman Amin ran the Noor Drug Mart on Eglinton Ave. in Mississauga for more than a decade before a ministry audit establish she had overbilled $907,039.85 between 2010 and 2012. (Global News)
In June 2017, Eiman Amin stood in the second-floor hearing leeway at the college of pharmacists and admitted that she overbilled the ODB for nearly $1 million. She was not charged criminally, nor did she lose her pharmacist’s licence.
Despite having overbilled for “huge quantities of drugs and products” and attempting “to mislead ministry inspectors,” the only punishment she received was from the college, which suspended her license for 16 months and gave her a $5,000 fine. The government recouped its money after Amin remortgaged her house and sold land in Sudan.
Amin ran the Noor Drug Mart on Eglinton Ave. in Mississauga for more than a decade before a ministry audit establish she had overbilled $907,039.85 between 2010 and 2012.
In their report, inspectors wrote that the pharmacy had more than doubled its ODB reimbursements by overbilling.
Amin provided fake invoices that overstated her wholesale drug purchases by 726 per cent, according to college disciplinary documents. When confronted, Amin asked for a “favour” and requested they live disregarded.
Amin did not respond to interview requests made through messages left with her children and a particular note delivered to her home.
She explained her actions to the college by saying her husband did not hold a full-time job and she was the family’s sole provider, answerable for her four children, who she claimed were everybitof vital at home at the time of the overbilling.
Citing Amin’s “remorse” and her “difficult personal circumstances, including multiple stressors in her personal life relating to emotional, health and pecuniary issues,” the college decided a licence suspension was appropriate.
She was permitted to revert to work as a pharmacist in August 2018.
Anyone who fills a prescription has their information entered into a pharmacy’s computer. In fraud cases, pharmacists typically expend this information to repeatedly fill phantom prescriptions and bill the government.
“So if you came into the pharmacy once, they hold your Ontario health card,” said Ivan the cleaner. “They hold that information in the system, and then they can bill that anytime they want.
“There’s so many pharmacies and then there’s a system (that) is not that great, and it’s not red-flagging,” he said. “If you’re not doing the crazy amounts, you’re not going to ensnare caught.”
It’s simply too tempting to tack a few extra drugs onto your bi-weekly bill, especially typical products likely to Go unnoticed.
“It’s the smaller, mundane products that equal up to a lot over a given period of time,” said Det.-Sgt. Ted Schendera, who heads the Ontario Provincial Police health fraud investigation unit. “Smaller products are easier to hide.”
Boxes of Contour diabetes test strips, for example, cost $85 each. Many pharmacies bill for hundreds of boxes each month. A dozen boxes added into each bill adds up to tens of thousands of dollars in fraud a year — and that’s just one product. With multiple products, illicit profits can soar into the millions.
After massive frauds involving blood glucose test strips were exposed in the early 2010s, the province changed its reimbursement policy, limiting how many strips ODB will cover.
OPP investigators often discovered that not only were the test strips never dispensed, they were never bought by the pharmacy, said Schendera.
“Most of the cases, they’re not ordering the items,” he said. “They never existed.”
Because audits seize so long to complete, it makes it difficult for police to sequel arrests. After an audit, pharmacists hold been known to quickly sell their businesses and even “skip the country,” said Schendera.
These fraudster pharmacists often sell their pharmacies at a premium because the overbilling makes them examine more profitable than they actually are.Pharmacist Said Attalla speaks to reporters at his door eventual month. Attalla admitted to professional misconduct relating to overbilling at two of his pharmacies, but says the admission was for failure to properly oversee his pharmacies' billings, not for the overbilling itself. (Global News)
Said Attalla is one of the few pharmacists in Ontario to live criminally charged with fraud.
Attalla has owned 18 pharmacies across the GTA and Golden Horseshoe over the eventual 20 years. He admitted to professional misconduct at the college, but the prosecution of his criminal case fell apart after audit reports were ruled inadmissible and the charges were withdrawn in 2016.
In 2012, Attalla was charged for overbilling more than $355,000 over two years at Rathburn Pharmacy in Mississauga.
After his criminal proceeding, Attalla was brought before the college, where he admitted to professional misconduct relating to more than $406,000 in overbilling at Rathburn and at Supercare Pharmacy, located in Toronto’s Jane and Finch neighbourhood. His pharmacist’s licence was suspended for 30 months, he was ordered to sell his pharmacies, and fined $20,000.
Shortly afterwards, Attalla’s life and businesses began to unravel. Three of his pharmacies declared bankruptcy and were seized in 2016. The next year, Attalla stopped paying the mortgage on his 10,000-sq.-ft. Mississauga mansion, which was seized by creditors and sold. Seven months later, he declared personal bankruptcy, listing $1.8 million in debts.
“Yes, I was accused and I was proved innocent by the court, which is a higher level of legal system in Canada, right?” Attalla told reporters from the Star and Global intelligence at his new, smaller Mississauga home.
He moreover said he only admitted frailty at the college because he ran out of money to protect himself.
The amount overbilled was clawed back from later payments to his pharmacy, said Attalla, although the ministry would not verify this.
Attalla said he took responsibility at the college hearing for failure to properly oversee his pharmacies’ billings, not for the overbilling itself.
“Because I was the owner, I took the responsibility,” he said. “But I wasn’t working in the pharmacy. I hired people to work for me.
“The documentation is a thing which unfortunately wasn’t actually very well maintained in the pharmacy,” he said. “I wasn’t able to (find) every sole document they asked for.
“If you read (the decision) very carefully, you notice most of (it) is about documentation, not objective to finish anything.”
In criminal court, Attalla said, the Crown “didn’t prove what he accused: that I sold drugs on paper that I never bought. He didn’t prove that. He couldn’t prove that ... If you vow I billed government for inescapable drugs that I never bought, then prove it. Prove it.
“They never proved it.”
Attalla’s lawyer, Howard Rubel, declined to argue his case specifically, but said the Crown often has vicissitude proving pharmacy fraud.
“The state of the evidence in many of these cases is rather poor,” said Rubel. “(The ODB) is not set up as a forensic system, so when they try to expend it as a forensic system to create proof that can live used in a criminal court, often that proof just doesn’t meet the test.”
That’s why many cases don’t even lead to charges, let lonely convictions, Rubel said.
“If they don’t hold admissible proof of who entered the prescription, who filled the prescription, who entered the information into the pharmacy’s database … it’s not even going to sequel its passage into a criminal court.”
Some criminal investigations result in provincial charges under the Ontario Drug profit Act. But although such charges could technically lead to up to a year in jail, they generally result in diminutive more than a fine, Rubel said.
“Provincial offences? It’s gonna live the selfsame as a speeding ticket,” he said.This bridge over Bayview Ave. bears the title of pharmacist Joseph Salek, who contributed money toward its renovation. Shortly after its unveiling, Salek pleaded guilty to a infraction of the Ontario Drug profit Act — a non-criminal offence — for overbilling. (Rick Madonik)
Joseph Salek’s title is emblazoned on the pedestrian bridge over Bayview Ave. at the Canadian National Institute for the Blind, where commuters notice it every day.
Salek contributed enough money toward the footbridge’s renovation in 2014 that his name, alongside another donor’s, was erected on it in large white letters.
Only months before, Salek had quietly resigned from the Ontario College of Pharmacists and surrendered his licence after allegations that he overbilled the ODB for $202,386.83 in 2009-10.
Shortly after the bridge was unveiled, Salek pleaded guilty to a infraction of the Ontario Drug profit Act — a non-criminal offence — for the overbilling and was fined $30,000. He was never charged criminally.
In an agreed statement of facts filed at Newmarket court, Salek said he was not in impregnate of billing at the Richmond Hill Medical Pharmacy, where the overbilling took place, although he admitted that he “received the monies.”
The manager at the pharmacy was moreover disciplined by the college, which acknowledged “there is no evidence that (the manager) directly benefited,” from the overbilling.
Salek did not respond to requests for an interview. Contacted by phone, his wife, Susan, said, “He is not available.”
His lawyer, Jody Berkes, said Salek paid back the province for the entire overbilling and moreover paid the fine.
Before resigning, Salek owned three pharmacies, everybitof of which he sold to another pharmacist, Magdy Salama, for a combined $12.2 million.
The college later establish Salama had moreover overbilled. In his case, it was for $762,000.Joseph Salek resigned from the Ontario College of Pharmacists and surrendered his licence after allegations that he overbilled the ODB for $202,386.83. (Global News)
But Salama was nowhere to live found. everybitof three pharmacies would proximate and Salama’s pharmacist licence was revoked in absentia in 2018.
Ontario’s auditor universal has called out the ODB on four occasions for having too few inspectors. Hiring more inspections was an AG recommendation in 1996, in 2001, in 2007 and again in 2017.
“There are 4,200 pharmacies; they only inspect about six per cent a year,” said current auditor universal Bonnie Lysyk in an interview. “There’s more money to live recovered.”
In 2005-06, the Ministry of Health employed three inspectors and recovered just over $1 million in overbilled payments. By 2016-17, there were 10 inspectors who recovered $10.3 million.
“Governments don’t dote to enlarge staff because they’re trying to rescue money. But at the selfsame point, perhaps that will End up recouping more money into the public purse,” said Lysyk.
Her team didn’t inspect pharmacies but soundless establish $3.9 million in inappropriate payments by combing through ODB billings and looking for obvious problems. They establish $910,000 in drugs billed for departed people and $922,000 in drugs billed for people who didn’t exigency them, such as birth control for men.
“We ran analytics that identified situations that, had they inspected, they likely would’ve been able to recoup more money,” she said.
Beyond money, Lysyk says the inspection regime needs to live strengthened to quicken up cases where fraud has occurred.
Three different bodies — the Ministry of Health, the OPP and the Ontario College of Pharmacists — are tasked with catching pharmacy fraud. But instead of three times the oversight, the system is clunky and drags out the process over years, sometimes topping a decade. That’s because those agencies work consecutively, not simultaneously.
The OPP’s health fraud investigation unit does not proactively investigate pharmacies, but waits for cases to live referred to it from the ministry.
“We can only investigate what’s referred to us,” Schendera said.
Not a sole pharmacist was referred for criminal investigation between 2013 and 2015, prompting the OPP to approach the ministry.
That promenade resulted in 13 referrals in 2016-17. But of those, eight were too stale to pursue because the pharmacy had been sold or the records were lost, Schendera said.Pharmacist Ayman Mikhael speaks to reporters at his house in Mississauga. Mikhael was sentenced to two years less a day for what a referee called a "massive fraud." (Global News)
Ayman Mikhael pleaded guilty to Ontario’s biggest pharmacy fraud in the eventual five years. In July 2015, he admitted to overbilling ODB for $2.5 million between 2009 and 2011.
As the owner/operator of Wilson Medical Centre pharmacy in Hamilton, Mikhael was audited in late 2011 and establish to hold been billing for medications he had never purchased.
The ministry passed the file to the OPP, which charged Mikhael with fraud in February 2014. The next year, he pleaded guilty and was sentenced to two years less a day in jail for what the referee called a “massive fraud” that was “well-planned (and) deliberate.”
In sentencing Mikhael, referee Maria Speyer said he “deliberately abused his position of reliance as a pharmacist.”
In an interview, Mikhael said his life was unravelling while the fraud took place.
“I was having deplorable debts and I had major depression and it was everybitof snowballing,” he said. “It was just lots of things happening. deplorable bookkeeping. deplorable supervision. Relying on other people to finish the job.”
Speyer famous there was no evidence presented that Mikhael was “living a lavish lifestyle.”
During the time he was defrauding the government, land registry documents demonstrate he purchased a $1.1-million mansion near the Mississauga waterfront. After extensive renovations, the opulent residence, which features an indoor swimming pool and movie theatre, was sold for $4.65 million — while Mikhael was in jail.
Mikhael’s pharmacist’s licence was revoked in 2017, following his release from jail.
“I had to sell the house. I had to sell the business, everything,” he told reporters at his doorstep. “I paid more back than I gained.”
When Wilson Pharmacy’s ODB billing privileges were revoked shortly after auditors first uncovered Mikhael’s fraud in 2011, its patient files were moved to another pharmacy that he co-owned with his wife, Safaa Eskander. More overbilling took situation there.
In July 2012, the ministry audited the second pharmacy, MT Cross, and identified $162,000 in overbilling, involving many of the selfsame patient names and drugs Mikhael had admitted to falsely billing.Pharmacist Safaa Eskander admitted to professional misconduct related to overbilling. She used the selfsame patient names and drugs that her husband, Ayman Mikhael, had used when he overbilled the ODB. (Facebook)
“I don’t negative anything,” said Eskander, reached by phone.
She declined to comment further, saying, “I am not answering any questions.”
Neither Mikhael nor Eskander were criminally charged for the overbilling at MT Cross.
Eskander admitted to professional misconduct at the college in 2017 and her licence was suspended for 14 months. The ODB overbilling was clawed back by the ministry.
Ivan the cleaner estimates that only two or three per cent of the pharmacists who entrust fraud — “the slipshod ones” — are caught.
That’s one judgement to open up dispensing records to a wider group of health keeping professionals, said Kelly Grindrod, a pharmacy professor at the University of Waterloo.
“In other provinces, for example, every time a medication is dispensed through a pharmacy, a record is created,” Grindrod said. “And if a physician was to examine at the list of medications that had been dispensed for their patient, they could notice some of these things.”
With more scrutiny on which medications are being dispensed to patients, they wouldn’t exigency to reckon on a tiny number of inspections to ensnare pharmacy fraud.
“Ontario doesn’t hold this,” Grindrod said. “We should hold had this a long time ago. They don’t.”
With files from Robert Cribb, Toronto Star, Chelsea Lecce and Ryan Moore, Ryerson School of Journalism, Jigar Patel, Seneca College, Megan Robinson and Leslie Whyte, Global News, and Sarah Bhola, Centennial College.
Marco Chown Oved is a Toronto-based investigative reporter. succeed him on Twitter: @marcooved
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